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Stigma and Discrimination against People Living with HIV and AIDS in Malawi

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DOI: 10.4236/wja.2014.42016    4,486 Downloads   6,261 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A study was conducted to explore stigma and discrimination among people living with HIV and AIDS who were on home based care in the Lilongwe district of Malawi. The study design was descriptive through sectional and utilized qualitative data collection and analysis method. Fifteen people living with HIV and AIDS, aged between 15 and 60 years were purposively sampled from three organizations, which were: Light House, National Association for people living with HIV and AIDS in Malawi and Lilongwe Diocese. Qualitative data were collected using an open ended interview guide during in-depth face to face interviews with the participants. The data were analysed using ATLAS. ti 5.0. Results show that all the participants were facing stigma and discrimination because they were living with HIV and AIDS. Distant relatives were the main source of stigma and discrimination followed by friends and church members. Most participants indicated that they felt they were discriminated because HIV infection is associated with bad behaviours such as prostitution or promiscuity. However some of them complained that they contracted the virus from their married partners and hence they did not deserve to be stigmatized or discriminated against. Results show that there is a need for creation of awareness among community members on the transmission of HIV and the need for home based care for the chronically ill people living with HIV and AIDS.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Pindani, M. , Nkondo, M. , Maluwa, A. and Muheriwa, S. (2014) Stigma and Discrimination against People Living with HIV and AIDS in Malawi. World Journal of AIDS, 4, 123-132. doi: 10.4236/wja.2014.42016.

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