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A Compilation of the Geo-Mechanical Properties of Rocks in Southern Ontario and the Neighbouring Regions

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DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2014.45017    4,115 Downloads   6,575 Views   Citations


The available measurements of the geo-mechanical properties of rocks in Southern Ontario and the neighbouring regions (New York, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota) are summarized and presented. These measurements were compiled from available published data in the relevant literature and also from data that were collected from major underground projects in these regions. The compiled data are presented in three categories: measured in-situ stresses in different rock formations; calculated strength, stiffness and deformation including time-dependent deformation properties; and the measured dynamic properties of intact rock specimens from different rock formations in Southern Ontario and the neighbouring regions. The data presented in this paper can be used as a resource for preliminary evaluation of the geomechanical properties of the rocks in these regions. The presented geo-mechanical properties were generally obtained from in-situ measurements and from laboratory tests that were conducted on intact rock specimens from freshly excavated rock samples. Moreover, the time-dependent deformation properties of rocks in these regions were obtained from laboratory tests that were performed on intact rock specimens submerged in water. However, the influence of drilling fluids such as bentonite slurry and synthetic polymers solution, on the geo-mechanical properties of rocks is not evident and needs to be investigated.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Al-Maamori, H. , El Naggar, M. and Micic, S. (2014) A Compilation of the Geo-Mechanical Properties of Rocks in Southern Ontario and the Neighbouring Regions. Open Journal of Geology, 4, 210-227. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2014.45017.


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