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Autocrine Production of Interleukin-6: A Mechanism of Interleukin-6 Independence in Dexamethasone-Resistant 7TD1 Murine Myeloma Cells

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DOI: 10.4236/jct.2014.56060    3,238 Downloads   4,036 Views  

ABSTRACT

Several factors could contribute to proliferation of multiple myeloma (MM) cells independent of interleukin-6 (IL6) in the later stages of the disease. Our previous studies established a dexamethasone-resistant 7TD1 cell line (7TD1-Dxm) and have shown that one mechanism of resistance to dexamethasone is due to inhibition of cytochrome c release. We have also observed that 7TD1-Dxm cells proliferate independently of externally-added IL6. This study therefore aimed to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for IL6-independent proliferation in 7TD1-Dxm cells. Our results indicated that 7TD1-Dxm cells produced IL6 in an autocrine fashion. We have observed that dexamethasone-resistant 7TD1 cells become dexamethasone-resistant and IL6-independent for proliferation concomitantly. This strongly suggests that production of IL6 by 7TD1-Dxm cells may play an important role in the development of dexamethasone resistance. Consequently, further investigation of the molecular mechanisms responsible for IL6 production may be helpful in delineating the mechanisms leading to dexamethasone resistance.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Gangavarapu, K. , Bhushan, A. , Lai, J. and Daniels, C. (2014) Autocrine Production of Interleukin-6: A Mechanism of Interleukin-6 Independence in Dexamethasone-Resistant 7TD1 Murine Myeloma Cells. Journal of Cancer Therapy, 5, 523-530. doi: 10.4236/jct.2014.56060.

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