Share This Article:

Local People’s Knowledge and Perceptions of Wildlife Conservation in Southeastern Zimbabwe

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:305KB) PP. 475-481
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.56050    4,345 Downloads   6,302 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at examining local people’s knowledge and perceptions of wildlife conservation in southeastern Zimbabwe. Data were collected between October and November in 2012 using a purposive sampling approach of households (n = 114) in communities adjacent to Gonarezhou National Park. Our results show that local people were aware of the Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) and Gonarezhou, and their associated purposes. However, our results suggest that local people had inadequate knowledge about the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTFCA) and its purpose. Moreover, mixed perceptions about the impact of the GLTFCA on local livelihoods and conservation in the study area were recorded. Finally, the results indicated that improving park-community relationships, education and awareness programmes on natural resources conservation could assist in raising the status of conservation in Gonarezhou and GLTFCA.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Gandiwa, E. , Zisadza-Gandiwa, P. , Muboko, N. , Libombo, E. , Mashapa, C. and Gwazani, R. (2014) Local People’s Knowledge and Perceptions of Wildlife Conservation in Southeastern Zimbabwe. Journal of Environmental Protection, 5, 475-481. doi: 10.4236/jep.2014.56050.

References

[1] Huntington, H.P. (2011) The Local Perspective. Nature, 478, 182-183.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/478182a
[2] Berkes, F., Colding, J. and Folke, C. (2000) Rediscovery of Traditional Ecological Knowledge as Adaptive Management. Ecological Applications, 10, 1251-1262.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[1251:ROTEKA]2.0.CO;2
[3] Mmassy, C.E. and Røskaft, E. (2013) Knowledge of birds of conservation interest among the people living close to protected areas in Serengeti, Northern Tanzania. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, 9, 114-122.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21513732.2013.788566
[4] Trakolis, D. (2001) Local People’s Perceptions of Planning and Management Issues in Prespes Lakes National Park, Greece. Journal of Environmental Management, 61, 227-241.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jema.2000.0410
[5] Gandiwa, E., Gandiwa, P. and Muboko, N. (2012) Living with Wildlife and Associated Conflicts in Northern Gonarezhou National Park, Southeast Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 14, 252-260.
[6] Jalilova, G. and Vacik, H. (2012) Local People’s Perceptions of Forest Biodiversity in the Walnut Fruit Forests of Kyrgyzstan. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, 8, 204-216.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21513732.2012.696557
[7] Gandiwa, E., Zisadza-Gandiwa, P., Mashapa, C., Libombo, E. and Muboko, N. (2014) An Assessment of Local People’s Participation in Natural Resources Conservation in Southern Zimbabwe. E3 Journal of Environmental Research and Management, 5, 042-046.
[8] Htun, N.Z., Mizoue, N. and Yoshida, S. (2011) Determinants of Local People’s Perceptions and Attitudes toward a Protected Area and Its Management: A Case Study from Popa Mountain Park, Central Myanmar. Society & Natural Resources, 25, 743-758.
[9] Gillingham, S. and Lee, P.C. (2003) People and Protected Areas: A Study of Local Perceptions of Wildlife Crop-Damage Conflict in an Area Bordering the Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania. Oryx, 37, 316-325.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0030605303000577
[10] Dolisca, F., McDaniel, J. and Teeter, L. (2007) Farmers’ Perceptions towards Forests: A Case Study from Haiti. Forest Policy and Economics, 9, 704-712.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2006.07.001
[11] Moswete, N.N., Thapa, B. and Child, B. (2012) Attitudes and Opinions of Local and National Public Sector Stakeholders towards Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, Botswana. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 19, 67-80.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13504509.2011.592551
[12] Gandiwa, E. (2012) Local Knowledge and Perceptions of Animal Population Abundances by Communities Adjacent to the Northern Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe. Tropical Conservation Science, 5, 255-269.
[13] Soto, B., Munthali, S.M. and Breen, C. (2001) Perceptions of the Forestry and Wildlife Policy by the Local Communities Living in the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambique. Biodiversity and Conservation, 10, 1723-1738.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1012005620906
[14] Sundaresan, S., Bruyere, B., Parker, G., Low, B., Stafford, N. and Davis, S. (2012) Pastoralists’ Perceptions of the Endangered Grevy’s Zebra in Kenya. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 17, 270-281.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2012.662577
[15] Allendorf, T.D., Aung, M. and Songer, M. (2012) Using Residents’ Perceptions to Improve Park-People Relationships in Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary, Myanmar. Journal of Environmental Management, 99, 36-43.
[16] Martin, R.B. (1986) Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE). Revised Version, CAMPFIRE Working Document No. 1/86, Branch of Terrestrial Ecology, Department of National Parks and Wild Life Management, Harare.
[17] Logan, B.I. and Moseley, W.G. (2002) The Political Ecology of Poverty Alleviation in Zimbabwe’s Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE). Geoforum, 33, 1-14.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7185(01)00027-6
[18] ZPWMA (Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority) (2011) Gonarezhou National Park Management Plan: 2011-2021. Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority, Harare.
[19] Wolmer, W. (2003) Transboundary Conservation: The Politics of Ecological Integrity in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park. Journal of Southern African Studies, 29, 261-278.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0305707032000060449
[20] Mavhunga, C. and Spierenburg, M. (2009) Transfrontier Talk, Cordon Politics: The Early History of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park in Southern Africa, 1925-1940. Journal of Southern African Studies, 35, 715-735.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03057070903101920
[21] Gandiwa, E., Heitkonig, I.M.A., Lokhorst, A.M., Prins, H.H.T. and Leeuwis, C. (2013) CAMPFIRE and Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Communities Adjacent to the Northern Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe. Ecology and Society, 18, 7.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05817-180407
[22] Tongco, M.D.C. (2007) Purposive Sampling as a Tool for Informant Selection. Ethnobotany Research & Applications, 5, 147-158.
[23] Ferrie, G.M., Bettinger, T.L., Kuhar, C.W., Lehnhardt, K., Apell, P. and Kasoma, P. (2011) Assessing Community Understanding of Local Environmental Issues in Two Areas of Uganda. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 10, 52-62.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2011.549802
[24] Andersson, J.A., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Cumming, D.H., Dzingirai, V. and Giller, K.E. (2013) Transfrontier Conservation Areas: People Living on the Edge. Earthscan/Routledge, London.
[25] Olomi-Sola, M., Zorondo-Rodriguez, F., Triguero-Mas, M., Jha, N. and Reyes-Garcia, V. (2012) Local Residents’ Knowledge about Protected Areas: A Case Study in Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, India. Society & Natural Resources, 25, 410-420.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2011.591034
[26] Newmark, W.D., Leonard, N.L., Sariko, H.I. and Gamassa, D.G.M. (1993) Conservation Attitudes of Local People Living Adjacent to Five Protected Areas in Tanzania. Biological Conservation, 63, 177-183.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(93)90507-W
[27] Rao, K.S., Nautiyal, S., Maikhuri, R.K. and Saxena, K.G. (2003) Local Peoples’ Knowledge, Aptitude and Perceptions of Planning and Management Issues in Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, India. Environmental Management, 31, 168-181.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00267-002-2830-4
[28] Vodouhe, F.G., Coulibaly, O., Adegbidi, A. and Sinsin, B. (2010) Community Perception of Biodiversity Conservation within Protected Areas in Benin. Forest Policy and Economics, 12, 505-512.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2010.06.008
[29] Barthwal, S.C. and Mathur, V.B. (2012) Teachers’ Knowledge of and Attitude toward Wildlife and Conservation: A case Study from Ladakh, India. Mountain Research and Development, 32, 169-175.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-11-00040.1

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.