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Frequency and Risk Factors of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Cotonou (Benin)

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DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2014.42014    2,643 Downloads   3,790 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the frequency and the risk factors of Complex Regional Pain syndrome (CRPS) in Cotonou (Benin). Patients and Méthod: This has been a transversal study carried out over 22 years on files of CRPS infected patients and submitted to rheumatologic consultation in the National Hospital University of Cotonou. Results: 73 out of 17,342 patients examined (0.42%) were suffering from CRPS. Those 73 patients (40 women, 54.8% and 33 men, 45.2%) were in average 54.66 years old and enjoyed an average duration of evolution of 5.79 months. The trauma (41 cases, 56.1%), the stroke (19 cases, 25%), the diabetes (8 cases, 11.3), were the main risk factors that were observed. CRPS was preferably located at the shoulder-hand (34.2%), shoulder (28.8%), wrist-hand (16.4%) and knee (11%). Inflammatory pain was observed in 55 cases. The treatment was dominated by griseofulvina (41 cases, 56.1%), antiinflammatory drugs (38 cases, 52%), analgesic (20 cases, 27, 3%), joint injection by betamethasone (17 cases, 27%). Conclusion: CRPS is not rare in our country. The first risk factor remains the trauma in rheumatologic consultation in Cotonou.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Avimadje, M. , Zomalheto, Z. , Dossou-Yovo, H. and Gounongbe, M. (2014) Frequency and Risk Factors of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Cotonou (Benin). Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases, 4, 93-96. doi: 10.4236/ojra.2014.42014.

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