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Frequency and Risk Factors of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Cotonou (Benin)

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DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2014.42014    2,643 Downloads   3,790 Views   Citations


Aim: To determine the frequency and the risk factors of Complex Regional Pain syndrome (CRPS) in Cotonou (Benin). Patients and Méthod: This has been a transversal study carried out over 22 years on files of CRPS infected patients and submitted to rheumatologic consultation in the National Hospital University of Cotonou. Results: 73 out of 17,342 patients examined (0.42%) were suffering from CRPS. Those 73 patients (40 women, 54.8% and 33 men, 45.2%) were in average 54.66 years old and enjoyed an average duration of evolution of 5.79 months. The trauma (41 cases, 56.1%), the stroke (19 cases, 25%), the diabetes (8 cases, 11.3), were the main risk factors that were observed. CRPS was preferably located at the shoulder-hand (34.2%), shoulder (28.8%), wrist-hand (16.4%) and knee (11%). Inflammatory pain was observed in 55 cases. The treatment was dominated by griseofulvina (41 cases, 56.1%), antiinflammatory drugs (38 cases, 52%), analgesic (20 cases, 27, 3%), joint injection by betamethasone (17 cases, 27%). Conclusion: CRPS is not rare in our country. The first risk factor remains the trauma in rheumatologic consultation in Cotonou.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Avimadje, M. , Zomalheto, Z. , Dossou-Yovo, H. and Gounongbe, M. (2014) Frequency and Risk Factors of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Cotonou (Benin). Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases, 4, 93-96. doi: 10.4236/ojra.2014.42014.


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