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Hematoma within the Outer Membrane of the Arachnoid Cyst Located in the Middle Fossa: A Mechanism of Development of Chronic Subdural Hematoma Associated with Arachnoid Cysts

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DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2014.42018    3,098 Downloads   4,058 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

It is well known that chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) occasionally arises in patients harboring an arachnoid cyst (AC) located in the middle fossa. Although the pathogenesis of CSDH associated with ACs remains unknown, several possible mechanisms have been proposed. In many reported cases, the patients with ACs in the middle fossa would be symptomatic according to development of CSDH. A 9-year-old girl presenting with a headache, nausea, and diplopia was referred to our department. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an AC in the left-side middle fossa and ipsilateral CSDH with a remarkable mass effect. Irrigation of the CSDH, partial removal of the outer membrane of the AC and CSDH, and endoscopic cystocisternostomy were performed to relieve her symptoms. Postoperative clinical course was excellent. Histopathological examination of the outer membrane of the CSDH demonstrated an arachnoid cell layer and hemorrhage from the granulation inside the membrane, and collagen fibers outside the membrane. These findings strongly suggested that the membrane and the content of the CSDH were derived from the outer membrane of the AC, and the CSF including the hemorrhage within the membrane, respectively. Laceration and hemorrhage from granulation tissue within the outer membrane of the AC are considered as one of the developmental mechanisms of the CSDH associated with AC in the middle fossa.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Hayashi, Y. , Kita, D. , Kinoshita, M. and Hamada, J. (2014) Hematoma within the Outer Membrane of the Arachnoid Cyst Located in the Middle Fossa: A Mechanism of Development of Chronic Subdural Hematoma Associated with Arachnoid Cysts. Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery, 4, 97-103. doi: 10.4236/ojmn.2014.42018.

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