Share This Article:

Polariton Evaporation: The Blackbody Radiation Nature of the Low-Frequency Radiation Emitted by Radiative Polaritons to the Surrounding Space

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:801KB) PP. 58-65
DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2014.42009    3,109 Downloads   4,183 Views  

ABSTRACT

Upon formation, radiative polaritons in thin oxide films or crystals emit radiation to the surrounding space. This radiation is confined in a small range of the microwave to far-infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum, independently of the oxide chemistry. This work shows that the low-frequency radiation is blackbody radiation associated with a temperature directly related to the boson character of the radiative polaritons and to their amount. The proximity of this temperature to absolute zero Kelvin explains the confinement of the frequency. This phenomenon is named polariton evaporation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Schwab, Y. , Mann, H. , Lang, B. and Scarel, G. (2014) Polariton Evaporation: The Blackbody Radiation Nature of the Low-Frequency Radiation Emitted by Radiative Polaritons to the Surrounding Space. World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics, 4, 58-65. doi: 10.4236/wjcmp.2014.42009.

References

[1] Berreman, D.W. (1963) Infrared Absorption at Longitudinal Optic Frequency in Cubic Crystal Films. Physical Review, 130, 2193-2198.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.130.2193
[2] Kliewer, K.L. and Fuchs, R. (1966) Optical Modes of Vibration in an Ionic Crystal Slab including Retardation. II. Radiative Region. Physical Review, 150, 573-588.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.150.573
[3] Fuchs, R., Kliewer, K.L. and Pardee, W.J. (1966) Optical Properties of an Ionic Crystal Slab. Physical Review, 150, 589-596.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.150.589
[4] Scarel, G., Na, J.-S., Gong, B. and Parsons, G.N. (2010) Phonon Response in the Infrared Region to Thickness of Oxide Films Formed by Atomic Layer Deposition. Applied Spectroscopy, 64, 120-126.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/000370210790571954
[5] Scarel, G., Na, J.-S. and Parsons, G.N. (2010) Angular Behavior of the Berreman Effect Investigated in Uniform Al2O3 Layers Formed by Atomic Layer Deposition. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 22, Article ID: 155401.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/22/15/155401
[6] Zaluzny, M. and Zietkowski, W. (2013) Semiclassical Study of Intersubband Cavity Polaritons: Role of Plasmonic and Radiative Coupling Effects. Physical Review, B88, Article ID: 195408.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.88.195408
[7] Fancoeur, M., Mengü, M.P. and Vaillon, R. (2010) Local Density of Electromagnetic States within a Nanometric Gap Formed between Two Thin Films Supporting Surface Phonon Polaritons. Journal of Applied Physics, 107, Article ID: 034313.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3294606
[8] Neubrech, F. and Pucci, A. (2012) Nanoantenna: Plasmon Enhanced Spectroscopies for Biotechnological Applications. Pan Stanford Publishing Pte. Ltd., Singapore City, 297-312.
[9] Vassant, S., Hugonin, J.-P., Marquier, F. and Greffet, J.-J. (2012) Berreman Mode and Epsilon Near Zero Mode. Optics Express, 20, 23971-23977.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.023971
[10] Le Gall, J., Olivier, M. and Greffet, J.-J. (1997) Experimental and Theoretical Study of Reflection and Coherent Thermal Emission by a SiC Grating Supporting a Surface-Phonon Polariton. Physical Review B, 55, Article ID: 10105.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.55.10105
[11] Chalopin, Y., Hayoun, M., Volz, S. and Dammak, H. (2014) Surface Enhanced Infrared Absorption in Dielectric Thin Films with Ultra-Strong Confinement Effects. Applied Physics Letters, 104, Article ID: 011905.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4860989
[12] Kliewer, K.L. and Fuchs, R. (1966) Optical Modes of Vibration in an Ionic Crystal Slab including Retardation. I. Nonradiative Region. Physical Review, 144, 495-503.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.144.495
[13] Vincent-Johnson, A.J., Schwab, Y., Mann, H.S., Francoeur, M., Hammonds, J.S. and Scarel, G. (2013) Origin of the Low Frequency Radiation Emitted by Radiative Polaritons Excited by Infrared Radiation in Planar LA2O3 Films. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 25, Article ID: 035901.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/25/3/035901
[14] Scarel, G., Aita, C.R. and Sklyarov, A.V. (2003) Effect of Substrate Conductivity on Infrared Reflection Spectra of Thin TiO2 Films. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 318, 168-174.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(02)01875-6
[15] Scarel, G., Debernardi, A., Tsoutsou, D., Spiga, S., Capelli, S.C., Lamagna, L., Volkos, S.N., Alia, M. and Fanciulli, M. (2007) Vibrational and Electrical Properties of Hexagonal La2O3 Films. Applied Physics Letters, 91, Article ID: 102901.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2779108
[16] Vincent-Johnson, A.J., Vasquez, K.A., Bridstrup, J.E., Masters, A.E., Hu, X. and Scarel, G. (2011) Heat Recovery Mechanism in the Excitation of Radiative Polaritons by Broadband Infrared Radiation in Thin Oxide Films. Applied Physics Letters, 99, 131901.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3643464
[17] Bonera, E., Scarel, G., Fanciulli, M., Delugas, P. and Fiorentini, V. (2005) Dielectric Properties of High-k Oxides: Theory and Experiment for Lu2O3. Physical Review Letters, 94, Article ID: 027602.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.94.027602
[18] Zhang, X.J., Liu, B.Q., Xu, X.J., Wu, X. and Yuan, R.M. (2014) A Study of the Enhancement in Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer by Surface Polaritons. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 448-453, 3211-3216.
[19] Ashcroft, N.W. and Mermin, N.D. (1976) Solid State Physics. Saunders College, Philadelphia, 454.
[20] Fowles, G.R. (1975) Modern Optics. Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 212-217.
[21] Leonhardt, U. (2013) Cloaking of Heat. Nature, 498, 440-441.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/498440a
[22] Rindler, W. (2006) Relativity. Oxford University Press Inc., New York, 279-281.
[23] Hawking, S.W. (1992) Evaporation of Two-Dimensional Black Holes. Physical Review Letters, 69, 406-409.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.69.406
[24] Braunstein, S.L. and Patra, M.K. (2011) Black Hole Evaporation Rates without Spacetime. Physical Review Letters, 107, Article ID: 071302.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.071302
[25] Lach, G., DeKieviet, M. and Jentschura, U.D. (2012) Enhancement of Blackbody Friction Due to the Finite Lifetime of Atomic Levels. Physical Review Letters, 108, Article ID: 043005.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.043005
[26] Unruh, W.G. (1981) Experimental Black-Hole Evaporation? Physical Review Letters, 46, 1351-1353.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.46.1351
[27] Dimitrov, L.F. (2011) Biological Membranes Are Nanostructures That Require Internal Heat and Imaginary Temperature as New, Unique Physiological Parameters Related to Biological Catalysis. Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics, 59, 133-146.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12013-010-9134-8

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.