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Transference Kinetics of Radionuclide 95Nb in the Aquatic Ecosystem

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DOI: 10.4236/wjnst.2014.42014    2,486 Downloads   3,571 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The dynamics of transportation, accumulation, diminishment and distribution of 95Nb in a simulated aquatic ecosystem was studied using the isotope-tracer technique, and a fitting equation was established by application of a closed, five-compartment model. The results showed that when 95Nb was introduced into an aquatic system, it was transported and transformed via deposition in combination with other ions, and adsorption and absorption by aquatic organisms, resulting in redistribution and accumulation in different parts of the organisms. Following addition, the spe- cific activity of 95Nb in water decreased sharply within a short time, and then after reaching a certain value, it decreased more slowly. Sediment accumulated large amounts of 95Nb through the exchange of ions. Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) also adsorbed a large amount of 95Nb in a short period of time. Snails (Bellamya purificata) and fish (Carassius auratus) were found to have a poor adsorption capacity of 95Nb. The amount of 95Nb found in the snail flesh was greater than that in the shell, and the 95Nb found in the fish was mainly distributed in the viscera. The amount of 95Nb in each individual component of the experimental system was affected over time.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Zhao, X. , Huang, L. , Cai, Z. and Wang, S. (2014) Transference Kinetics of Radionuclide 95Nb in the Aquatic Ecosystem. World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 4, 88-95. doi: 10.4236/wjnst.2014.42014.

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