Share This Article:

Chemical Control of Monocot Weeds in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:283KB) PP. 1272-1276
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.59140    4,735 Downloads   6,413 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Due to similar growth pattern and morphology, monocot weeds offer more severe competition with wheat. A field experiment was conducted to screen herbicides most suitable for the control of monocot weeds in wheat. Seven herbicides viz., Puma super 69EW @ 862.5 g a.i. ha-1, Bristle 69 EW @ 1250 ml, Topik 15WP @ 37.05 g a.i. ha-1, Safener15WP @ 247g, Certain 80WD @ 395.2 g and Tremor 24EC @ 247 ml/ha were used. Weedy check where no weed control was practiced was kept as control. All herbicides were sprayed as post-emergence with second irrigation 38 days after crop sowing. The best weed control was accomplished by Safener 15WP 247 g ha-1 as significantly lower weed counts per m2 (11.0) and higher percent weed control (73.4%) were noted after 21 days of its spray. Wheat growth parameters like plant height, number of tillers per m2, spike length and number of spikelets per spike remained statistically at par among various treatments. Significantly higher number of grains per spike (55.67) and 1000 grain weight (36 g) were noted with Puma Super 69EW @ 1250 ml ha-1 and Certain 80WD 395.2 g ha-1, respectively. Although treatments did not differ significantly with respect to wheat grain and biological yields, yet the highest grain yield (3708.3 kg ha-1) and biological yield (10208.3 kg ha-1) were produced by Puma Super 69EW @ 1250 ml ha-1. Based on better weed control and wheat yield, Safener 15WP @ 395.2 ml ha-1 and Puma Super 69EW @ 1250 ml ha-1 were proved to be better in areas where wheat fields are predominantly infested by monocot weeds. Puma super, Bristle Tremore, Safener and Certain were found effective against Avena fatua and Polypogon monspelliensis, less effective against Phalaris minor and ineffective against Poaannua grass.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mehmood, Z. , Ashiq, M. , Noorka, I. , Ali, A. , Tabasum, S. and Shahid Iqbal, M. (2014) Chemical Control of Monocot Weeds in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 1272-1276. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.59140.

References

[1] Noorka, I.R., Batool, A., AlSultan, S., Tabasum, S. and Ali, A. (2013) Water Stress Tolerance, Its Relationship to Assimilate Partitioning and Potence Ratio in Spring Wheat. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 231-237.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.42030
[2] Noorka, I.R. and Tabasum, S. (2013) An Empirical Approach to Get the Vitality of a Genotype to Water Stress Tolerance in Yield and Yield Contributing Traits. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 999-1003.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.45123
[3] Heyne, E.G. (1987) Wheat and Wheat in Improvement. 2nd Edition, Madison, Wisconsin.
[4] Noorka, I.R. and Teixeira da Silva, J.A. (2012) Mechanistic Insight of Water Stress Induced Aggregation in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Quality: The Protein Paradigm Shift. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 4, 32-38.
[5] Government of Pakistan (2013) Economic Survey of Pakistan. Finance Division, Economic Advisor Wing, Islamabad, 21-22.
[6] Khan, I., Hassan, G. and Marwat, K.B. (2002) Efficacy of Different Herbicides for Controlling Weeds in Wheat Crop. Weed Dynamics and Herbicides. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 8, 41-47.
[7] Negash, W., Asfaw, Z. and Yibrah, H. (2005) Variation and Association Analyses on Morphological Characters of Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) in Ethiopia. SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science, 28, 129-140.
[8] Musaddique, M., Hussain, A., Wajid, A. and Ahmad, A. (2000) Growth, Yield and Components of Yield of Different Genotypes of Wheat. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 2, 242-244.
[9] Noorka, I.R., Rehman, S., Haidry, J.R., Khaliq, I., Tabassam, S. and Din, M. (2009) Effect of Water Stress on Physico-Chemical Properties of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41, 2917-2924.
[10] FAO (2011) The State of Food Security in the World. Rome. www.fao.org
[11] Guttieri, M.J., Jeffrey, C., O’Brien, S.K. and Souza, E. (2001) Relative Sensitivity of Spring Wheat Grain Yield and Quality Parameters to Moisture Deficit. Crop Sci., 41, 327-335. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2001.412327x
[12] Jalis, A. and Muhammad, G. (1980) Post-Emergence Trial on Wheat. Annual Abridge Research Report (1979-1980), Plant Physiology Section, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad.
[13] Noorka, I.R. and Shahid, S.A. (2013) Use of Conservation Tillage System in Semiarid Region to Ensure Wheat Food Security in Pakistan. Development in Soil Salinity Assessment and Reclamation, Springer Book.
http://www.springer.com/environmrnt/soil+science/book/978978-94-007-5683-0
[14] Khan, I., Muhammad, Z., Hassan, G. and Marwat, K.B. (2001) Efficacy of Different Herbicides for Controlling Weeds in Wheat Crop-1.Response of Agronomic and Morphological Traits in Variety Gaznavi-98. Scientific Khyber, 14, 51-57.
[15] Khalil, A., Shah, Z., Inayatullah, A., Khan, H. and Khan, H. (199) Effect of Some post Emergence Herbicides on Wheat (Triticum aestivum L) and Associated Weeds. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 9, 323-326.
[16] Khan, M.A., Zahoor, M., Ahmad, I., Hassan, G. and Baloch, M.S. (1999) Efficacy of Different Herbicides for Controlling Broad Leaf Weeds in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2, 732-734.
[17] Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H. and Dickey, D.A. (1997) Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill Co., Inc., New York.
[18] Abbas, G., Ali, M.A., Abbas, Z., Aslam, M. and Akram, M. (2009) Impact of Different Herbicides on Broadleaf Weeds and Yield of Wheat. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 15, 1-10.
[19] Cheema, M.S. and Akhtar, M. (2005) Efficacy of Different Post Emergence Herbicides and Their Application Methods in Controlling Weeds in Wheat. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 11, 23-29.
[20] Bibi, S., Marwat, K.B., Hassan, G. and Khan, N.M. (2008) Effect of Herbicides and Wheat Population on Control of Weeds in Wheat. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 14, 111-120.
[21] Singh, S.P., Pandey, P., Kumar, M., Singh, S., Pandey, N.S. and Srivastva, D. (2013) Growth and Biochemical Responses of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to Different Herbicides. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8, 1265-1269.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.