Share This Article:

Kinetic Study of Resin-Curing on Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Resin Composites by Microwave Irradiation

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1125KB) PP. 85-96
DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2014.42010    6,828 Downloads   9,670 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Microwave processing has great potential for improving composite manufacturing such as reduction of curing time, energy requirements and operational costs. In this paper, the effects of microwave irradiation for resin-curing of carbon fiber/epoxy resin composite that was composed of discontinuous carbon fibers of 130 μm or 3 mm were investigated. The mechanical properties of carbon fiber/epoxy resin composite cured by microwave irradiation for 20 min at 120°C were similar to ones of the sample prepared by conventional oven for 180 min at 120°C. Microwavecured carbon fiber/epoxy resin composite had higher glass transition temperature than the one prepared by conventional oven. The relation between curing time and flexural modulus indicated that the curing velocity of microwave-irradiated carbon fiber/epoxy resin composite was 9 times faster than the one prepared by conventional oven. Furthermore, activation energies for resincuring reaction on microwave and conventional-cured carbon fiber/epoxy resin composite were estimated. The resin-curing reaction in carbon fiber/epoxy resin composite was promoted by microwave irradiation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Shimamoto, D. and Yuji Hotta, Y. (2014) Kinetic Study of Resin-Curing on Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Resin Composites by Microwave Irradiation. Open Journal of Composite Materials, 4, 85-96. doi: 10.4236/ojcm.2014.42010.

References

[1] Huang, X. (2009) Fabrication and Properties of Carbon Fibers. Materials, 2, 2369-2403.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma2042369
[2] Feher, L., Drechsler, K. and Filsinger, J. (2004) Composite Manufacturing by Using a Novel modular 2.45 GHz Microwave Processing System. Proceedings of 36th International SAMPE Technical Conference, San Diego, 15-18 November 2004.
[3] Rangari, V.K., Bhuyan, M.S. and Jeelani, S. (2011) Microwave Curing of CNF/EPON-862 Nanocomposites and Their Thermal and Mechanical Properties. Composites Part A, 42, 849-858.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2011.03.014
[4] Feher, L. and Thumm, M. (2004) Aerospace CFRP Structure Fabrication with the 2.45 GHz HEPHAISTOS System. Proceedings of MAPEES’04 Symposium, JAPAN, 19-22 March 2004, 129-133.
[5] Yarlagadda, K.D.V.P. and Hsu, S.-H. (2004) Experimental Studies on Comparison of Microwave Curing and Thermal Curing of Epoxy Resin Used for Alternative Mould Materials. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 155-156, 1532-1538.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.04.248
[6] Witik, R.A., Gaille, F., Teuscher, R., Ringwald, H., Michaud, V. and Manson, J.E. (2012) Economic and Environmental Assessment of Alternative Production Methods for Composite Aircraft Components. Journal of Cleaner Production, 29-30, 91-102.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.02.028
[7] Thostenson, E.T. and Chou, T.-W. (1999) Microwave Processing: Fundamentals and Applications. Composites Part A, 30, 1055-1071.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1359-835X(99)00020-2
[8] Paton, K.R. and Windle, A.H. (2008) Efficient Microwave Energy Absorption by Carbon Nanotubes. Carbon, 46, 1935-1941.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2008.08.001
[9] Papargyris, D.A., Day, R.J., Nesbitt, A. and Bakavos, D. (2008) Comparison of The Mechanical and Physical Properties of a Carbon Fiber Epoxy Composite Manufactured by Resin Transfer Moulding Using Conventional and Microwave Heating. Composites Science Technology, 68, 1854-1861.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2008.01.010
[10] Menéndez, J.A., Arenillas, A., Fidalgo, B., Fernández, Y., Zubizarreta, L., Calvo, E.G. and Bermúdez, J.M. (2010) Microwave Heating Processes Involving Carbon Materials. Fuel Processing Technology, 91, 1-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2009.08.021
[11] Fang, X. and Scola, D.A. (1999) Investigation of Microwave Energy to Cure Carbon Fiber Reinforced Phenylethynyl-Terminated Polyimide Composites, PETI-5/IM7. Journal of Polymer Science Part A, 37, 4616-4628.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1099-0518(19991215)37:24<4616::aid-pola20>3.0.co;2-w
[12] Nightingale, C. and Day, R.J. (2002) Flexural and Interlaminar Shear Strength Properties of Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Composites Cured Thermally and with Microwave Radiation. Composites Part A, 33, 1021-1030.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1359-835X(02)00031-3
[13] Balzer, B.B. and McNabb, J. (2008) Significant Effect of Microwave Curing on Tensile Strength of Carbon Fiber Composites. Journal of Industrial Technology, 24, 2-9.
[14] Rangari, V.K., Bhuyan, M.S. and Jeelani, S. (2010) Microwave Processing and Characterization of EPON 862/CNT Nanocomposites. Materials Science and Engineering B, 168, 117-121.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2010.01.013
[15] Wu, T., Pan, Y., Liu, E. and Li, L. (2012) Carbon Nanotube/Polypropylene Composite Particles for Microwave Welding. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 126, E283-E289.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.36832
[16] Bouazizi, A. and Gourdenne, A. (1988) Interaction between Carbon Black-Epoxy resin Composites and Continuous Microwaves-I. Electrical Power Dependence of the Rate of Crosslinking of the Epoxy Matrix. European Polymer Journal, 24, 889-893.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-3057(88)90164-4
[17] Kim, B.G. and Lee, D.G. (2010) Nanometer-Scale Surface Modification of Epoxy with Carbon Black and Electromagnetic Waves. Nanotechnology, 21, 185305.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/21/18/185305
[18] Toishi, T. and Goto, Y. (2004) Method for Calculating Microwave Power. In: Koshijima, T., Shibata, T., Toishi, T., Norimoto, M. and Yamada, S., Eds., Microwave Heating Technology, NTS, Tokyo, 17-26.
[19] Chag, J., Liang, G., Gu, A., Cai, S. and Yuan, L. (2012) The Production of Carbon Nanotube/Epoxy Composites with a Very High Dielectric Constant and Low Dielectric Loss by Microwave Curing. Carbon, 50, 689-698.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2011.09.029
[20] Sato, K., Hotta, Y., Yilmaz, Y. and Watari, K. (2009) Fabrication of Green and Sintered Bodies Prepared by Centrifugal Compaction Process Using Wet-Jet Milled Slurries. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 29, 1326-1329.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2008.08.026

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.