Share This Article:

Effect of Water Content on Crystalline Structure of Ionic Liquids Mixture Pretreated Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC)

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:2200KB) PP. 183-192
DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.54023    3,744 Downloads   4,989 Views   Citations


Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) was pretreated by using ionic liquids (ILs)-water mixtures solvent with solid acid catalysts. Different amount of water was considerate as the main variable. The peak shift of pretreated sample was determined by FT-IR related to the water content. The XRD was applied to characterize the change in MCC crystalline structure. Thermal decomposition technique was applied to investigate the thermal stability of pretreated MCC. The result indicated that three state of samples were occurred in pretreated MCC sample which was related the amount of water in ILs mixture system. XRD result suggested that the raw sample was distorted and transformed into a less ordered intermediate structure and the smaller crystallite size in lump state sample was obtained which could lead to lower thermal stability. This study revealed the physical chemicals properties, characteristic of molecular structures in MCC using ILs-water mixtures.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Wang, Q. , Chen, Q. , Niida, H. , Mitsumura, N. and Endo, T. (2014) Effect of Water Content on Crystalline Structure of Ionic Liquids Mixture Pretreated Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC). Materials Sciences and Applications, 5, 183-192. doi: 10.4236/msa.2014.54023.


[1] Olivier-Bourbigou, H., Magna, L. and Morvan, D. (2010) Ionic Liquids and Catalysis: Recent Progress from Knowledge to Applications. Applied Catalysis A: General, 373, 1-56.
[2] Zhu, S.D., Wu, Y.X., Chen, Q.M., Yu, Z.N., Wang, C.W., Jin, S.W., Ding, Y.G. and Wu, G. (2006) Dissolution of Cellulose with Ionic Liquids and Its Application: A Mini-Review. Green Chemistry, 8, 325-327.
[3] Kohno, Y. and Ohno, H. (2012) Ionic Liquid/Water Mixtures: From Hostility to Conciliation. Chemical Communications, 48, 7119-7130.
[4] Brandt, A., Ray, M.J., To, T.Q., Leak, D.J., Murphy, R.J. and Welton, T. (2011) Ionic Liquid Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass with Ionic Liquid-Water Mixtures. Green Chemistry, 13, 2489-2499.
[5] Li, Q., Jiang, X., He, Y., Li, L., Xian, M. and Yang, J.M. (2010) Evaluation of the Biocompatibile Ionic Liquid 1-Methyl-3-Methylimidazolium Dimethylphosphite Pretreatment of Corn Cob for Improved Saccharification. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 87, 117-126.
[6] Uju, K.A., Uemura, N., Oshima, T., Goto, M. and Kamiya, N. (2013) Peracetic Acid-Ionic Liquid Pretreatment to Enhance Enzymatic Saccharification of Lignocellulosic Biomass. Bioresource Technology, 138, 87-94.
[7] Ha, S.H., Mai, N.L., An, G. and Koo, Y.M. (2011) Microwave-Assisted Pretreatment of Cellulose in Ionic Liquid for Accelerated Enzymatic Hydrolysis. Bioresource Technology, 102, 1214-1219.
[8] Hou, H.D., Lia, N. and Zong, M.H. (2013) Significantly Enhancing Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Rice Straw after Pretreatment Using Renewable Ionic Liquid-Water Mixtures. Bioresource Technology, 136, 469-474.
[9] Vanoye, L., Fanselow, M., Holbrey, J., Atkins, M.P. and Seddon, K.R. (2009) Kinetic Model for the Hydrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass in the Ionic Liquid, 1-Ethyl-3-Methyl-Imidazolium Chloride. Green Chemistry, 11, 390-396.
[10] Li, C., Wang, Q. and Zhao, Z.K. (2008) Acid in Ionic Liquid: An Efficient System for Hydrolysis of Lignocelluloses. Green Chemistry, 10, 177-182.
[11] Rinaldi, R., Palkovits, R. and Schüth, F. (2008) Depolymerization of Cellulose Using Solid Catalysts in Ionic Liquids. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 47, 80478050.
[12] Mazza, M., Catana, D.A., Vaca-Garcia, C. and Cecutti, C. (2009) Influence of Water on the Dissolution of MCC in Selected Ionic Liquids. Cellulose, 16, 207-215.
[13] Nishiyama, Y., Langan, P. and Chanzy, H. (2002) Crystal Structure and Hydrogen-Bonding System in Cellulose Iβ from Synchrotron X-Ray and Neutron Fiber Diffraction. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 124, 9074-9082.
[14] Nishiyama, Y., Sugiyama, J., Chanzy, H. and Langan, P. (2003) Crystal Structure and Hydrogen Bonding System in Cellulose Iα from Synchrotron X-Ray and Neutron Fiber Diffraction. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125, 14300-14306.
[15] Schenzel, K., Fischer, S. and Brendler, E. (2005) Cellulose New Method for Determining the Degree of Cellulose I Crystallinity by Means of FT Raman Spectroscopy. Cellulose, 12, 223-231.
[16] Oh, S.Y., Yoo, D.I., Shin, Y.S., Kim, H.C., Kim, H.Y., Chung, Y.S., Park, W.H. and Youk, J.H. (2005) Crystalline Structure Analysis of Cellulose Treated with Sodium Hydroxide and Carbon Dioxide by Means of X-Ray Diffraction and FTIR Spectroscopy. Carbohydrate Research, 340, 2376-2391.
[17] Larsson, P.T., Hult, E.L., Wickholm, K., Pettersson, E. and Iversen, T. (1999) CP/MAS 13C-NMR Spectroscopy Applied to Structure and Interaction Studies on Cellulose I. Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, 15, 31-40.
[18] Swatloski, R.P., Spear, S.K., Holbery, J.D. and Rogers, R.D. (2002) Dissolution of MCC with Ionic Liquids. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 124, 4974-4975.
[19] Tan, H.T., Lee, K.T. and Mohamed, A.R. (2011) Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Palm Biomass Using a Solvent-Ionic Liquid [BMIM]Cl for Glucose Recovery: An Optimisation Study Using Response Surface Methodology. Carbohydrate Polymers, 83, 18621868.
[20] Kacuráková, M., Smith, A.C., Gidley, M.J. and Wilson, R.H. (2002) Molecular Interactions in Bacterial MCC Composites Studied by 1D FT-IR and Dynamic 2D FT-IR Spectroscopy. Carbohydrate Research, 337, 1145-1153.
[21] Lee, S.H., Voherty, T.V., Linhardt, R.J. and Dordick, J.S. (2009) Ionic Liquid-Mediated Selective Extraction of Lignin from Wood Leading to Enhanced Enzymatic Cellulose Hydrolysis. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 102, 1368-1376.
[22] Cael, J.J., Gardner, K.H., Koenig, J.L. and Blackwell, J. (1975) Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy of Carbohydrates. Paper V. Normal Coordinate Analysis of Cellulose I. Journal of the Chemical Society, 62, 1145-1153.
[23] Colom, X. and Carrillo, F. (2002) Crystallinity Changes in Lyocell and Viscose-Type Fibres by Caustic Treatment. European Polymer Journal, 38, 2225-2230.
[24] Ruan, D., Zhang, L., Mao, Y., Zeng, M. and Li, X. (2004) Microporous Membranes Prepared from Cellulose in NaOH/Thiourea Aqueous Solution. Journal of Membrane Science, 241, 265-274.
[25] Cao, Y. and Tan, H. (2004) Structural Characterization of Cellulose with Enzymatic Treatment. Journal of Molecular Structure, 705, 189-193.
[26] Chen, Q., Wang, Q., Mitsumura, N. and Niida, H. (2013) Improved Cellulose by Ionic Liquid Mixture with Solid Acid Catalysis and Its Application in Polyethylene Glycol Liquefaction. Materials Sciences and Applications, 4, 839-845.
[27] Cheng, G., Varanasi, P., Arora, R., Stavila, V., Simmons, B.A., Kent, M.S. and Singh, S. (2012) Impact of Ionic Liquid Pretreatment Conditions on Cellulose Crystalline Structure Using 1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium Acetate. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 116, 10049-10054.
[28] Das, K., Ray, D., Bandyopadhyay, N.R. and Sengupta, S. (2010) Study of the Properties of Microcrystalline MCC Particles from Different Renewable Resources by XRD, FTIR, Nanoindentation, TGA and SEM. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 18, 532-538.
[29] Poletto, M., Pistor, V., Zeni, M. and Zattera, A.J. (2010) Crystalline Properties and Decomposition Kinetics of MCC Fibers in Wood Pulp Obtained by Two Pulping Processes. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 96, 679-685.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.