Share This Article:

What Does “Noise Pollution” Mean?

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:307KB) PP. 340-350
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.54037    9,886 Downloads   12,830 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Noise features different characteristics that make it different from every other “classic” pollutant. Noise is invisible; it does not smell; it disappears when the source is turned off and leaves no traces in the environment. In addition, when people perceive something wrong about their hearing capacity, it is often long time after the beginning of noise exposure. This fact contributes to strengthening the misconception that noise is not harmful to human health or, at least, efforts and funds aim preferably at controling and decreasing the emission of other pollutants. Adding to this, most people tend to consider that noise is the price to pay for accessing to the amenities of the Technological Era and it is indivisible and inevitably linked to them. Last but not least, noise pollution could adversely affect ecosystems and ecological services. Then, how is it possible to convince the decision makers that noise pollution is one of the major current environmental problems? The aim of this paper is to discuss step by step the applicability of noise of a “pollution” definition, as a way to ease the understanding that lowering environmental noise levels should be prioritized: because it will lead to a healthier and better society.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

González, A. (2014) What Does “Noise Pollution” Mean?. Journal of Environmental Protection, 5, 340-350. doi: 10.4236/jep.2014.54037.

References

[1] Albert, L. (1997) Introducción a la Toxicología Ambiental. OMS-OPS-Centro Panamericano de Ecología Humana y Salud, Gobierno del Estado de México.
[2] Anderson, D.A. (2010) Environmental Economics and Natural Resource Management. 3rd Edition, Taylor & Francis e-Library. http://196.29.172.66:8080/jspui/bitstream/123456789/1403/1/271.pdf
[3] Leventhall, H.G. (2004) Low Frequency Noise and Annoyance.
http://www.noiseandhealth.org/text.asp?2004/6/23/59/31663
[4] Pedersen, Ch.S. (2008) Human Hearing at Low Frequencies with Focus on Noise Complaints. Ph.D. Thesis, Acoustics, Department of Electronic Systems Aalborg University, Denmark.
http://docs.wind-watch.org/Pedersen-human-hearing-low-frequencies.pdf
[5] Immel, A.R. (1995) Shhhh… Those “Peculiar People” Are Listening. http://www.acoustics.org/press/swa9502.html
[6] Radle, A.L. (2007) Effect of Noise on Wildlife: A Literature Review.
http://wfae.proscenia.net/library/articles/radle_effect_noise
[7] Lam, et al., K.C. (2012) A Large Scale Study of the Health Effects of Transportation Noise in Hong Kong. Proceedings of Acoustics, Hong Kong, May 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4708015
[8] Pascual, K.H. and Barrio, I.L. (2000) Modelo de impacto del ruido ambiental. Proceedings of Tecniacústica, Madrid, Espana. http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/6915/1/arv30.pdf
[9] Miyara, F. (2001) Paradigmas para la investigación de las molestias por ruido. Proceedings of 1as Jornadas Sobre el Ruido y sus consecuencias en la Salud de la Población, Buenos Aires.
http://www.fceia.unr.edu.ar/acustica/biblio/paradigm.pdf
[10] González, A.E. (2013) Con y sin ruido ¿somos los mismos? Proceedings of 19a Semana de la Salud Ocupacional, Medellín.
[11] Vázquez, M. (2008) Eduard Estivill. La gente que está sometida a niveles altos de ruido es más agresiva y menos tolerante. http://www.sorolls.org/docs/noticiacast_8_12_08.htm
[12] Weedon, V. Puntos de vista de una víctima de agresión acústica. Proceedings of Primeras Jornadas Internacionales Multidisciplinarias sobre Violencia Acústica, Rosario. www.fceia.unr.edu.ar/acustica/biblio/val_esp.htm
[13] González, A.E. (2012) Noise Sources in the City: Characterization and Management Trends. In: Siano, D., Ed., Noise Control, Reduction and Cancellation Solutions in Engineering, InTech, Croatia.
http://www.intechopen.com/books/noise-control-reduction-and-cancellation-solutions-in-engineering/noise-sources-in-the-city-characterization-and-management-trends-
http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/25879
[14] Lizana, P. (2010) Environmental Noise Culture. Proceedings of 2nd Pan-American and Iberian Meeting on Acoustics, 160th ASA meeting, 7o Congress FIA, 17o Congress IMA, Cancún, México, November 2010, 7.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3508647
[15] Gerencia de Prevención Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social, “El ruido en el ambiente laboral. Guía práctica No2”, Superintendencia de riesgos del trabajo. Presidencia de la Nación.
www.srt.gob.ar/adjuntos/prevencion/guiaruido.pdf
[16] Beristáin, S. (1998) El ruido es un serio contaminante. Proceedings of 1st Iberoamerican Congress on Acoustics. Florianópolis.
[17] Beristáin, S. (2010) Noise in the Largest Mexican City. Proceedings of 2nd Pan-American and Iberian Meeting on Acoustics, 160th ASA Meeting, 7o Congress FIA, 17o Congress IMA, Cancún, México, November 2010.
[18] Fritschi, L., Lex Brown, A., Kim, R. and Kephalopoulos, D.S. (2011) Burden of Disease from Environmental Noise. Quantification of Healthy Life Years Lost in Europe. World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe.
http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/136466/e94888.pdf
[19] Diario Oficial de las Comunidades Europeas (2002) Directiva 2002/49/CE del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 25 de junio de 2002.
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:2002L0049:20081211:ES:PDF
[20] Manzano, J.V. (2008) Grupo de Trabajo GT-ACU Contaminación Acústica, Documento Final. Proceedings of 9o Congreso Nacional de Medio Ambiente, Cumbre del Desarrollo Sostenible.
http://www.conama9.conama.org/conama9/download/files/GTs/54151651_ppt_JVida.pdf
[21] Irusta, A.B. (2008) Mapas de ruido en los municipios. Jornada Técnica: Segunda fase de los mapas estratégicos de ruido de aglomeraciones.
[22] Elaboración de 12 Mapas de Ruido para los Municipios de Castilla y León.
http://www.articuloz.com/medio-ambiente-articulos
[23] Miyara, F. (2001) Ruido, juventud y derechos humanos. Proceedings of Congreso Argentino-Latinoamericano de Derechos Humanos: “Una Mirada desde la Universidad. www.fceia.unr.edu.ar/acustica/biblio/juventud.pdf
[24] González, A.E. (2012) Contaminación Sonora y Derechos Humanos. Serie Investigaciones: Derechos Humanos en las Políticas Públicas.
http://www.defensordelvecino.gub.uy/IMAGENES/Foro%20Defensor%C3%ADas%20Locales/DDHHA.pdf
[25] Rabinowitz, P.M. (2012) The Public Health Significance of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss. In: Le Prell, C.G., Henderson, D., Fay, R.R. and Popper, A., Eds., Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: Scientific Advances, Springer Handbook of Auditory Research, 40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9523-0_2
[26] Ch. Maschkle, H.N. (2004) Noise Effects and Morbidity. Final Report, Interdisciplinary Research Network “Noise and Health”. EUR/04/5047477 WHO LARES, Regional Office for Europe, World Health Organization.
www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/.../WHO_Lares.pdf
[27] Ramírez, J.M. (2006) Bioquímica de la agresión. Psicopatología Clínica, Legal y Forense.
http://es.scribd.com/doc/168394217/Ppclf-quimica-de-La-Agresion
[28] Montiel, C. Fármacos antidepresivos y antimaníacos. Dpto. Farmacología y Terapéutica, Facultad de Medicina, UAM.
http://www.uam.es/departamentos/medicina/farmacologia/especifica/F_General/FG_T26.pdf
[29] Abilleira, M.P. (2012) Agresividad reactiva y proactiva en adolescentes: Efecto de los factores individuales y sociocontextuales. Ph.D. Thesis, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Psicología, Madrid, Espana.
http://eprints.ucm.es/16380/1/T33913.pdf
[30] National Headache Foundation.
http://www.headaches.org/education/Spanish_Topics/La_Depresion_Y_El_Dolor_de_Cabeza
[31] Ashina, S. (2012) Depression Is Associated With Transformation of Episodic to Chronic Migraine. Neurology Reviews. Clinical Neurology News Digital Network, 20, 12.
[32] Arroyave, M.P. (2006) Impactos de las carreteras sobre la fauna silvestre y sus principales medidas de manejo. Revista EIA, 5, 45-57, Escuela de Ingeniería de Antioquia, Medellín.
http://revista.eia.edu.co/articulos5/art35.pdf
[33] Crino, O.L., Johnson, E.E., Blickley, J.L., Patricelli, G.L. and Breuner, C.W. (2013) Effects of Experimentally Elevated Traffic Noise on Nestling White-Crowned Sparrow Stress Physiology, Immune Function and Life History. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 216, 2055-2062. http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.081109
[34] Francis, C.D., Kleist, N.J., Ortega, C.P. and Cruz, A. (2012) Noise Pollution Alters Ecological Services: Enhanced Pollination and Disrupted Seed Dispersal. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 279, 2727-2735.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.0230
[35] Barber, J.R., Crooks, K.R. and Fristrup, K.M. (2010) The Costs of Chronic Noise Exposure for Terrestrial Organisms. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25, 180-189. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2009.08.002
[36] Krause, B.L. (1993) The Niche Hypothesis: A Virtual Symphony of Animal Sounds, the Origins of Musical Expression and the Health of Habitats. The Soundscape Newsletter, 6, 6-10.
http://wfae.proscenia.net/library/newsletter/SNL6.PDF
[37] Chan, A.A., Giraldo-Perez, P., Smith, S. and Blumstein, D.T. (2010) Anthropogenic Noise Affects Risk Assessment and Attention: The Distracted Prey Hypothesis. Biology Letters, 6, 458-461.
[38] Fuertes Sánchez, L.M. (2010) El croar de las ranas, vital para su supervivencia. Periódico de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Unimedios, No. 135.
http://www.unperiodico.unal.edu.co/vpp/article/el-croar-de-las-ranas-vital-para-su-supervivencia
[39] Nemeth, E., Pieretti, N., Zollinger, S.A., Geberzahn, N., Partecke, J., Catarina Miranda, A. and Brumm, H. (2010) Bird Song and Anthropogenic Noise: Vocal Constraints May Explain Why Birds Sing Higher-Frequency Songs in Cities. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280, 20122798.
[40] Blickley, J.L., Word, K.R., Krakauer, A.H., Phillips, J.L., Sells, S.N., Taff, C.C., Wingfield, J.C. and Patricelli, G.L. (2012) Experimental Chronic Noise Is Related to Elevated Fecal Corticosteroid Metabolites in Lekking Male Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus). PLoS ONE, 7, Article ID: e50462.
[41] El Siglo (2012) El ruido afecta a los árboles. Panamá. http://www.elsiglo.com94936.asp

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.