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Global Functional Performance and Caregiver Assistance in Autism and Asperger Syndrome

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DOI: 10.4236/nm.2014.51007    4,241 Downloads   5,230 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Autism and Asperger’s syndrome belong to a family of neuro-developmental disorders called Pervasive Development Disorders. The aims of this study were to 1) quantify the overall functional performance and need for caregiver assistance in autism (A) and Asperger’s syndrome (AS), 2) compare the findings between groups and to normative data from Brazilian children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 52 children between three and eight years of age diagnosed with either A (n = 26) or SA (n = 26). The Brazilian version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory was administered. Results: The children with A and AS achieved significantly lower scores than that expected for normality. The children with AS had a significantly better social function than that the children with A had. However, those with A achieved significantly better scores than those with AS on activities related to self-care and mobility, requiring less assistance. Conclusion: While patients with AS are better at social interaction than typical autistic children, they exhibit greater deficits with regard to basic tasks, such as self-care and mobility, requiring greater assistance than children with A.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Guimarães Pozzato, M. , Cianciarullo Minett, T. , Masruha, M. and Pereira Vilanova, L. (2014) Global Functional Performance and Caregiver Assistance in Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Neuroscience and Medicine, 5, 42-48. doi: 10.4236/nm.2014.51007.

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