Share This Article:

Effects of Rising Temperature on Secondary Compounds of Yeheb (Cordeauxia edulis Hemsley)

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1576KB) PP. 517-527
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.55066    3,582 Downloads   4,887 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The effects of temperature on net photosynthesis and stomatal conductance, emission of foliar volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and phenolics were investigated after exposing Cordeauxia edulis seedlings to control (27/19°C) and three levels of elevated (32/23, 37/27, or 42/31°C) day/night temperature regimes in controlled growth chambers. Emissions of foliar VOC were measured on 7th and 14th day (d) of exposures, whereas net photosynthesis and stomatal conductance were measured on the 8th and 15th d. Net photosynthesis and stomatal conductance were not significantly affected by elevated temperatures. Emission rate of isoprene increased by 4-fold with 10°C rise from the control on 7th d of exposure. Emission rates of monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and total isoprenoids increased to 2-5-fold higher than that of control plants with 5°C rise. Foliar isoprene emission peaked at daytime maximum of 37°C and the mono- and sesquiterpenes at 32°C. Few individual foliar phenolics, and total foliar phenolics showed significant concentration differences between treatments. Although high VOC emissions under warming appeared to help plants to sustain abiotic stresses, arid/semi-arid species might substantially release highly reactive compounds that affect atmospheric chemistry. Hence, more studies are required on plant species of arid/semi-arid ecosystems of Africa to estimate the emission patterns and their role in atmospheric chemistry under the predicted future atmospheric warming.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Egigu, M. , Ibrahim, M. , Riikonen, J. , Yahya, A. , Holopainen, T. , Julkunen-Tiitto, R. and Holopainen, J. (2014) Effects of Rising Temperature on Secondary Compounds of Yeheb (Cordeauxia edulis Hemsley). American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 517-527. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.55066.

References

[1] Vickers, C.E., Gershenzon, J., Lerdau, M.T. and Loreto, F. (2009) A Unified Mechanism of Action for Volatile Isoprenoids in Plant Abiotic Stress. Nature Chemical Biology, 5, 283-291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nchembio.158
[2] Fares, S., Oksanen, E., Lännenpää, M., Julkunen-Tiitto, R. and Loreto, F. (2010) Volatile Emissions and Phenolic Compound Concentrations along a Vertical Profile of Populus nigra Leaves Exposed to Realistic Ozone Concentrations. Photosynthesis Research, 104, 61-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11120-010-9549-5
[3] Peñuelas, J. and Llusià, J. (2003) BVOCs: Plant Defense against Climate Warming? Trends in Plant Science, 8, 105-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1360-1385(03)00008-6
[4] Blanch, J.S., Peñuelas, J., Sardans J. and Llusià, J. (2009) Drought, Warming and Soil Fertilization Effects on Leaf Volatile Terpene Concentrations in Pinus halepensis and Quercus ilex. Acta Physiologia Plantarum, 31, 207-218.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-008-0221-z
[5] Peñuelas, J. and Estiarte, M. (1998) Can Elevated CO2 Affect Secondary Metabolism and Ecosystem Function? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13, 20-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(97)01235-4
[6] Loreto, F., Fischbach, R.J., Schnitzler, J.P., Ciccioli, P., Brancaleoni, E.N.Z.O. and Calfapietra, C. (2001) Monoterpene Emission and Monoterpene Synthase Activities in the Mediterranean Evergreen Oak Quercus ilex L. Grown at Elevated CO2 Concentrations. Global Change Biology, 7, 709-717. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1354-1013.2001.00442.x
[7] Loreto, F. and Schnitzler, J.P. (2010) Abiotic Stresses and Induced BVOCs. Trends in Plant Science, 15, 154-166.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2009.12.006
[8] Peñuelas, J. and Staudt, M. (2010) BVOCs and Global Change, Trends in Plant Science, 15, 133-144.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2009.12.005
[9] Peñuelas, J. and Llusià, J. (2001) The Complexity of Factors Driving Volatile Organic Compound Emissions by Plants. Biologia Plantarum, 44, 481-487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1013797129428
[10] Niinemets, ü., Loreto, F. and Reichstein, M. (2004) Physiological and Physicochemical Controls on Foliar Volatile Organic Compound Emissions. Trends in Plant Science, 9, 180-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1013797129428
[11] Holopainen, J.K. and Kainulainen, P. (2004) Reproductive Capacity of the Grey Pine Aphid and Allocation Response of Scots Pine Seedlings across Temperature Gradients: A Test of Hypotheses Predicting Outcomes of Global Warming. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 34, 94-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/x03-203
[12] Ibrahim, M.A., Mäenpää, M., Hassinen, V., Kontunen-Soppela, S., Malec, L., Rousi, M., et al. (2010) Elevation of Night-Time Temperature Increases Terpenoid Emissions from Betula pendula and Populus tremula. Journal of Experimental Botany, 61, 1583-1595. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq034
[13] IPCC (2007) Climate Change: Technical Summary. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen C, Marquis M, et al. editors. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[14] Loreto, F., Ciccioli, P., Cecinato, A., Brancaleoni, E., Frattoni, M. and Tricoli, D. (1996) Influence of Environmental Factors and Air Composition on the Emission of Alpha-Pinene from Quercus ilex Leaves. Plant Physiology, 110, 267-275.
[15] Tingey, D.T., Manning, M., Grothaus, L.C. and Burns, W.F. (1979) The Influence of Light and Temperature on Isoprene Emission Rates from Live Oak. Physiologia Plantarum, 47, 112-118.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1979.tb03200.x
[16] Monson, R.K., Jaeger, C.H., Adams, W.W., Driggers, E.M., Silver, G.M. and Fall, R. (1992) Relationships among Isoprene Emission Rate, Photosynthesis, and Isoprene Synthase Activity as Influenced by Temperature. Plant Physiology, 98, 1175-1180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.98.3.1175
[17] Wang, S.Y. and Zheng, W. (2001) Effect of Plant Growth Temperature on Antioxidant Capacity in Strawberry. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 49, 4977-4982. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf0106244
[18] Wahid, A. (2007) Physiological Implications of Metabolite Biosynthesis for net Assimilation and Heat-Stress Tolerance of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Sprouts. Journal of plant Research, 120, 219-228.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10265-006-0040-5
[19] Wang, W., Vinocur, B., Shoseyov, O. and Altman, A. (2004) Role of Plant Heat-Shock Proteins and Molecular Chaperones in the Abiotic Stress Response. Trends in Plant Science, 9, 244-252.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2004.03.006
[20] Rennenberg, H., Loreto, F., Polle, A., Brilli, F., Fares, S., Beniwal, R.S. and Gessler, A. (2006) Physiological Responses of Forest Trees to Heat and Drought. Plant Biology, 8, 556-571. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-924084
[21] Appel, H.M. (1993) Phenolics in Ecological Interactions: The Importance of Oxidation. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 19, 1521-1552. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00984895
[22] Loreto, F., Pinelli, P., Manes, F. and Kollist, H. (2004) Impact of Ozone on Monoterpene Emissions and Evidences for an Isoprene-Like Antioxidant Action of Monoterpenes Emitted by Quercus ilex (L.) Leaves. Tree Physiology, 24, 361-367. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/24.4.361
[23] Loreto, F., Förster, A., Dürr, M., Csiky, O. and Seufert, G. (1998) On the Monoterpene Emission under Heat Stress and on the Increased Thermotolerance of Leaves of Quercus ilex L. Fumigated with Selected Monoterpenes. Plant Cell and Environment, 21, 101-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.1998.00268.x
[24] Sharkey, T.D., Chen, X. and Yeh, S. (2001) Isoprene Increases Thermotolerance of Fosmidomycin-Fed Leaves. Plant Physiology, 125, 2001-2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.125.4.2001
[25] Peñuelas, J. and Llusià, J. (2002) Linking Photorespiration, Monoterpenes and Thermotolerance in Quercus. New Phytologist, 155, 227-237. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2002.00457.x
[26] Klinger, L.F., Greenberg, J., Guenther, A., Tyndall, G., Zimmerman, P., M’Bangui, M., Moutsamboté, J.-M. and Kenfack, D. (1998) Patterns in Volatile Organic Compound Emissions along a Savanna-Rainforest Gradient in Central Africa. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmosphere, 103, 1443-1454.
[27] Greenberg, J.P., Guenther, A., Harley, P., Otter, L., Veenendaal, E.M., Hewitt, C.N., James, T. and Owens, S. (2003) Eddy Flux and Leaf-Level Measurements of Biogenic VOC Emissions from Mopane Woodland of Botswana. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmosphere, 108, 8466-8474. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002JD002317
[28] Saxton, J.E., Lewis, A.C., Kettlewell, J.H., Ozel, M.Z., Gogus, F., Boni, Y., et al. (2007) Isoprene and Monoterpene Measurements in a Secondary Forest in Northern Benin. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7, 4095-4106.
[29] Brink, M. (2012) Cordeauxiaedulis Hemsl., Record from Protabase. In: Brink, M. and Belay, G., Eds., PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa/Resources végétales de l’Afriquetropicale). http://database.prota.org/search.htm
[30] Ibrahim, M.A., Egigu, M.C., Kasurinen, A., Yahya, A. and Holopainen, J.K. (2010) Diversity of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Flowering and Vegetative Branches of Yeheb, Cordeauxia edulis (Caesalpiniaceae), a Threatened Evergreen Desert Shrub. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 25, 83-92.
[31] Egigu, M.C., Ibrahim, M.A., Yahya, A. and Holopainen, J.K. (2010) Yeheb (Cordeauxia edulis) Extract Deters Feeding and Oviposition of Plutella xylostella and Attracts Its Natural Enemy. Biological Control, 55, 613-624.
[32] Himanen, S.J., Nerg, A.M., Nissinen, A., Pinto, D., Stewart, C.N., Poppy, G.M., et al. (2009) The Effects of Elevated CO2 and Ozone on Volatile Terpenoid Emissions and Multitrophic Communication of Transgenic Insecticidal Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.). New Phytologist, 181, 174-186.
[33] Ortega, J. and Helmig, D. (2008) Approaches for Quantifying Reactive and Low-Volatility Biogenic Organic Compound Emissions by Vegetation Enclosure Techniques—Part A. Chemosphere, 72, 343-364.
[34] Julkunen-Tiitto, R. and Sorsa S. (2001) Testing the Drying Methods for Willow Flavonoids, Tannins and Salicylates. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 27, 779-789. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1010358120482
[35] Sharkey, T.D. and Loreto, F. (1993) Water Stress, Temperature, and Light Effects on the Capacity for Isoprene Emission and Photosynthesis of Kudzu Leaves. Oecologia, 95, 328-333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00320984
[36] Tiiva, P., Faubert, P., Michelsen, A., Holopainen, T., Holopainen, J.K. and Rinnan, R. (2008) Climatic Warming Increases Isoprene Emission from a Subarctic Heath. New Phytologist, 180, 853-863.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02587.x
[37] Monson, R.K. and Fall, R. (1989) Isoprene Emission from Aspen Leaves. Plant Physiology, 90, 267-274.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.90.1.267
[38] Singsaas, E.L. and Sharkey, T.D. (2000) The Effects of High Temperature on Isoprene Synthesis in Oak Leaves. Plant, Cell and Environment, 23, 751-757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2000.00582.x
[39] Sharkey, T.D., Chen, X. and Yeh, S. (2001) Isoprene Increases Thermotolerance of Fosmidomycin-Fed Leaves. Plant Physiology, 125, 2001-2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.125.4.2001
[40] Loreto, F., Barta, C., Brilli, F. and Nogues, I. (2006) On the Induction of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions by Plants as Consequence of Wounding or Fluctuations of Light and Temperature. Plant, Cell and Environment, 29, 1820-1828. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2006.01561.x
[41] Fortunati, A., Barta, C., Brilli, F., Centritto, M., Zimmer, I., Schnitzler, J.P. and Loreto, F. (2008) Isoprene Emission Is Not Temperature-Dependent during and after Severe Drought-Stress: A Physiological and Biochemical Analysis. Plant Journal, 55, 687-697. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2008.03538.x
[42] Bakhshi, D. and Arakawa, O. (2006) Induction of Phenolic Compounds Biosynthesis with Light Irradiation in the Flesh of Red and Yellow Apples. Journal of Applied Horticulture, 8, 101-104.
[43] Velikova, V., Loreto, F., Tsonev, T., Brilli, F. and Edreva, A. (2006) Isoprene Prevents the Negative Consequences of High Temperature Stress in Platanus orientalis Leaves. Functional Plant Biology, 33, 931-940.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP06058
[44] Behnke, K., Ehlting, B., Teuber, M., Bauerfeind, M., Louis, S., Hänsch, R., Polle, A., Bohlmann, J. and Schnitzler, J.P. (2007) Transgenic, Non-Isoprene Emitting Poplars don’t Like It Hot. Plant Journal, 51, 485-499.
[45] Way, D.A., Schnitzler, J.P., Monson, R.K. and Jackson, R.B. (2011) Enhanced Isoprene Related Tolerance of Heatand Light-Stressed Photosynthesis at Low, but not High, CO2 Concentrations. Oecologia, 166, 273-282.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-011-1947-7
[46] Sharkey, T.D. and Singsaas, E.L. (1995) Why Plants Emit Isoprene? Nature, 374, 769.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/374769a0
[47] Velikova, V. and Loreto, F. (2005) On the Relationship between Isoprene Emission and Thermotolerance in Phragmitesaustralis Leaves Exposed to High Temperatures and during the Recovery from a Heat Stress. Plant, Cell and Environment, 28, 318-327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2004.01314.x
[48] Ghirardo, A., Koch, K., Taipale, R., Zimmer, I., Schnitzler, J.P. and Rinne, J. (2010) Determination of de Novo and Pool Emissions of Terpenes from Four Common Boreal/Alpine Trees by 13CO2 Labelling and PTR-MS Analysis. Plant, Cell and Environment, 33, 781-792.
[49] Ghirardo, A., Gutknecht, J., Zimmer, I., Bruggemann, N. and Schnitzler, J.P. (2011) Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound and Respiratory CO2 Emissions after 13C Labeling: Online Tracing of C Translocation Dynamics in Poplar Plants. PLoS ONE, 6, Article ID: e17393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017393
[50] Hartikainen, K., Nerg, A.M., Kivimäenpää, M., Kontunen-Soppela, S., Mäenpää, M., Oksanen, E., Rousi, M. and Holopainen, T. (2009) Emissions of Volatile Organic Ccompounds and Leaf Structural Characteristics of European Aspen (Populus tremula) Grown under Elevated Ozone and Temperature. Tree Physiology, 29, 1163-1173.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpp033

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.