Share This Article:

Hydrogeochemical Characteristics and Assessment of Water Resources in Beni Suef Governorate, Egypt

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:22930KB) PP. 44-57
DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2014.42005    4,004 Downloads   6,402 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The main target of this research is to investigate the hydrogeochemical characteristics of surface and groundwater resources in Beni Suef Governorate, Egypt. A combination of major and heavy metals has been used to characterize surface and groundwater in Beni Suef Governorate, Egypt. Twenty water samples were collected from the water resources: River Nile, El-Ibrahimia canal, Bahr Youssef, irrigation and drainage channels and Quaternary aquifer. The collected water samples were analyzed for major and heavy metals. Surface and groundwater in the study area are considered potable for drink and irrigation based on the TDS and major ions concentrations. Regarding the MPL quoted by the WHO [1] and FAO [2], water resources in the study area are polluted by Al, Cd, Fe, Mn, Co and Cu. The highest concentrations of Al, Cd, Fe, Mn, Co and Cu recorded in the study area were 2545, 400, 1415, 2158, 239 and 1080 μg/l, respectively. Both surface and groundwater in Beni Suef suffer from pollution due to the impact of unsupervised anthropogenic activities including: fertilizers and pesticide, waste disposal and industrial waste, seepage from septic tanks, construction of water pipes, wastewater from El-Moheet drainage and evaporation processes during flood irrigation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Melegy, A. El-Kammar, M. Yehia and G. Miro, "Hydrogeochemical Characteristics and Assessment of Water Resources in Beni Suef Governorate, Egypt," Open Journal of Geology, Vol. 4 No. 2, 2014, pp. 44-57. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2014.42005.

References

[1] WHO, “Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality,” 4th Edition, World Health Organization, Geneva, 2011.
[2] FAO, “Water Quality for Agriculture,” Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, 1994.
http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/t0234e/t0234e00.HTM
[3] S. K. Das, M. K. Bhunia and A. Bhaumik, “Solvothermal Synthesis of Mesoporous Aluminophosphate for Polluted Water Remediation,” Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 155, 2012, pp. 258-264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2012.01.034
[4] A. Melegy, “Adsorption of Lead (II) and Zinc (II) from Aqueous Solution by Bituminous Coal,” Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Vol. 28, No. 5, 2010, pp. 549-558.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10706-010-9309-5
[5] S. Wang and Y. Peng, “Natural Zeolites as Effective Adsorbents in Water and Wastewater Treatment,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 156, No. 1, 2010, pp. 11-24.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.10.029
[6] M. Pirsaheb, T. Khosravi, K. Sharafi, L. Babajani and M. Rezaei, “Measurement of Heavy Metals Concentration in Drinking Water from Source to Consumption Site in Kermanshah—Iran,” World Applied Sciences Journal, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2013, pp. 416-423.
[7] Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, “Environmental characterization of Beni Suef Governorate,” 2003. (In Arabic) http://www.eeaa.gov.eg/arabic/info/report_gov_profiles.asp
[8] M. Abdel-Rahman, “Pliocene and Quaternary Deposits of Beni Suef—East Fayum and Their Relation to the Geological Evaluation of the River Nile,” Ph.D. Thesis, Cairo University, Giza, 1992.
[9] H. S. Hassan, “Geological Studies of the Pliocene-Quaternary Sediments in the Saff-Sukkara Area and Their Uses as Building Materials,” Ph.D. Thesis, Cairo University, Giza, 1994.
[10] G. Abdel-Mageed, “Hydrogeological and Hydrogeochemical Studies of the Nile Valley Area, Beni Suef Governorate, Egypt,” M.Sc. Thesis, Cairo University, Giza, 1997.
[11] M. El Kashouty, “Modeling of Limestone Aquifer in the Western Part of the River Nile between Beni Suef and El Minia,” Arabian Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2013, pp. 55-76.
[12] N. S. Magesh, S. Krishnakumar, N. Chandrasekar and J. P. Soundranayagam, “Groundwater Quality Assessment Using WQI and GIS Techniques, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India,” Arabian Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 6, No. 11, 2013, pp. 4179-4189.
[13] S. Salman, “Geochemical and Environmental Studies on the Territories West River Nile, Sohag Governorate— Egypt,” Ph.D. Thesis, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, 2013
[14] ICdA (The International Cadmium Association), “Level of Cadmium in the Environment,” 2013. http://www.cadmium.org/pg_n.php?id_menu=6
[15] J. Pan, J. A. Plant, N. Voulvoulis, C. J. Oates and C. Ihlenfeld, “Cadmium Levels in Europe: Implications for Human Health,” Environmental Geochemistry and Health, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2009, pp. 1-12.
[16] J. M. R. S. Bandara, H. V. P. Wijewardena, Y. M. A. Y. Bandara, R. G. P. T. Jayasooriya and H. Rajapaksha, “Pollution of River Mahaweli and Farmlands under Irrigation by Cadmium from Agricultural Inputs Leading to a Chronic Renal Failure Epidemic among Farmers in NCP, Sri Lanka,” Environmental Geochemistry and Health, Vol. 33, No. 5, 2010, pp. 439-453.
[17] A. Melegy, A. M. Shaban, M. M. Hassaan and S. A. Salman, “Geochemical Mobilization of Some Heavy Metals in Water Resources and Their Impact on Human Health in Sohag Governorate, Egypt,” Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12517-013-1095-y
[18] British Columbia, “Iron and Manganese in Groundwater,” Water Stewardship Information Series, 2007. http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wsd/plan_protect_sustain/groundwater/library/ground_fact_sheets /pdfs/fe_mg(020715)_fin2.pdf
[19] A. El-Kammar, M. El-Kashouty, M. M. Yehia and Gh. Miro, “Environmental Hydrogeochemistry of Groundwater in Central Damascus Basin, Syria,” Journal of the Sedimentological Society of Egypt, Vol. 20, No. 1110-2527, 2012, pp. 73-81.
[20] Lenntech (Water Treatment Solution), “Copper,” 2013. http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/ cu.htm
[21] MDH Minnesota Department of Health, “Copper in Drinking Water, Health Effects and How to Reduce Exposure,” 2005. http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/water
[22] N. K. Nagpal, “Technical Report—Water Quality Guidelines for Cobalt,” 2004.
http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wat/wq/BCguidelines/cobalt/cobalt_tech.pdf
[23] Environment Canada, “Federal Environmental Quality Guidelines, Cobalt,” 2013.
http://www.ec.gc.ca/ese-ees/default.asp?lang=En&n=92F47C5D-1
[24] L. Paul, “The Dangers of Aluminum Toxicity. Alternative Medicine Site,” 2011.
http://www.bellaonline.com/articles/art7739.asp
[25] WHO, “Aluminum in Drinking Water: Background Document for Development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality,” Vol. 2, World Health Organization, Geneva, 2003.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.