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Influence of Bavistin, Cefotoxime, Kanamycin and Silver Thiosulphate on Plant Regeneration of Solanum viarum (Dunal)—An Important Anticancer Medicinal Plant

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.53053    3,345 Downloads   4,704 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT


The effects of bavistin, cefotoxime and kanamycin along with the ethylene inhibitor silver thiosulphate on in vitro regeneration using the axillary buds of Solanum viarum (D.) have been investigated. Axillary bud explants when cultured on MS medium supplemented with bavistin (100 mg/l) maximum number of shoots (4.21 ± 0.83) were observed. In a separate experiment, bavistin along with growth regulators such as BAP and TDZ was added to MS medium containing sucrose (3%). Maximum number of shoots was obtained (5.55 ± 0.28) in MS medium supplemented with bavistin (100 mg/l) and BAP (2.0 mg/l). Cefotoxime and kanamycin (10-150 μM/L) were added to MS medium supplemented with BAP (2.0 mg/l) with sucrose (3%) having shown the maximum shoot regeneration (4.38 ± 0.45 and 3.4 ± 0.48) at 80 μM/L and 50 μM/L respectively. Similarly the regeneration medium was supplemented with (5.0-100 μM/L) of STS. Maximum number of shoots (4.75 ± 0.43) was seen with 40 μM/L. These plantlets were further maintained for root emergence on a rooting medium supplemented with growth regulators such as (0.5-2.0 mg/l) IAA, IBA and NAA. In MS medium supplemented with IBA (1.0 mg/l), maximum number of roots (24.3 ± 0.31) was seen with 100% regeneration. The rooted plants were acclimatized and transferred to field plots with (95%) of plant surviving in the field.


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Mahadev, C. Panathula and C. Naidu, "Influence of Bavistin, Cefotoxime, Kanamycin and Silver Thiosulphate on Plant Regeneration of Solanum viarum (Dunal)—An Important Anticancer Medicinal Plant," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 3, 2014, pp. 403-408. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.53053.

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