Share This Article:

Climate Variability, Impacts and Adaptation Strategies: The Case of Mbeya and Makete Districts in Great Ruaha Catchment in Tanzania

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1168KB) PP. 43-48
DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.61007    2,824 Downloads   4,236 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This paper presented key findings from the study which aimed to assess the impacts of climate variability and local adaptation strategies in selected villages of Mbeya and Makete Districts located in the most upper Great Ruaha River catchment in Southern Tanzania. Together, the study districts cover a wide range of climate change related hazards. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are used for data collection and analysis. The study shows that, there is significant change in pattern and amount of rainfall contributing to water stress, making people more vulnerable. Local communities are adapting to spatial and temporal climate variability, with varying degrees of success. Traditional smallholder irrigated systems used as adaptation strategies for crop production are characterized by low water use efficiency and high water losses. This implies that, if irrigation is managed properly, it can lead to sustainable increases in small farmer’s productivity and income, thus alleviating rural poverty and enhancing environmental management objectives.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Mwakalila, "Climate Variability, Impacts and Adaptation Strategies: The Case of Mbeya and Makete Districts in Great Ruaha Catchment in Tanzania," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 6 No. 1, 2014, pp. 43-48. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.61007.

References

[1] R. Kangalawe, S. Mwakalila and P. Masolwa, “Climate Change Impacts, Local Knowledge and Coping Strategies in the Great Ruaha River Catchment Area, Tanzania,” Natural Resources, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2011, pp. 212-223.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/nr.2011.24027
[2] B. C. Bates, Z. W. Kundzewicz, S. Wu and J. P. Palutikof, “Climate Change and Water. Technical Paper of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,” IPCC Secretariat, Geneva, 2008, p. 210.
[3] J. Pittock, C. M. Finlayson, A. Gardner and C. Mckay, “Changing Character: The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands and Climate Change in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia,” Environmental and Planning Law Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2010, pp. 401-425.
[4] V. Krysanova, H. Buiteveld, D. Haase, F. F. Hattermann, K. van Niekerk, K. Roest, P. Martinez-Santos and M. Schluter, “Practices and Lessons Learned in Coping with Climatic Hazards at the River-Basin Scale: Floods and Droughts,” Ecology and Society, Vol. 13, 2008.
[5] C. Fraiture, V. Smakhtin, D. Bossio, P. McCornick, C. Hoanh, A. Noble, D. Molden, F. Gichuki, M. Giordano, M. Finlayson and H. Turral, “Facing Climate Change by Securing Water for Food, Livelihoods and Ecosystems,” SAT eJournal, Vol. 4, 2007, pp. 1-21.
[6] V. Galaz, “Water Governance, Resilience and Global Environmental Change: A Reassessment of Integrated Water CO Resources Management (IWRM),” Water Science and Technology, Vol. 56, No. 4, 2007, pp. 1-9.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2007.530
[7] C. Kothari, “Research Methodology, Methods and Techniques,” 2nd Edition, VishwaPrakshan, New Delhi, 2004.
[8] T. Joachim and G. Heather, “Participatory Rural Appraisal for Community Development. Training Manual,” International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, 1991.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.