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Formulation of a new phenytoin-containing mucoadhesive and evaluation of its healing effects on oral biopsy ulcers

DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2014.41002    3,577 Downloads   5,992 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective: Several studies have shown the wound healing effect of topical phenytoin, which is applied by its effect on connective tissue intracellular matrix. However, there are still some controversies about its effect on various kinds of wounds, especially in the experimental models. This study is aimed at evaluating the effect of mucoadhesive paste compared to phenytoin mucoadhesive paste on wound healing after oral biopsy. Material and Methods: In this double blind randomized clinical trial, 20 patients who were eligible for oral biopsy were allocated into the case and control groups. After the biopsy, patients having ulcers ranging between one and two centimeters were treated by simple or 1% phenytoin mucoadhesive paste. All patients were instructed to apply their paste at least three times a day for five days after the biopsy. Patients in both groups were evaluated every other day for size of the ulcer, degree of pain and diameter of the inflammatory halo. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software and Mann-Whitney test. Results: After the second and third appointments, it was observed that the rate of wound healing and decrease in the size of the ulcers were significantly quicker in the treatment group (p = 0.001 and p = 0.003 respectively) and the patients in the phenytoin group reported less pain. Diameter of the inflammatory halo was not significantly different between two groups. Conclusion: Applying 1% phenytoin mucoadhesive paste on biopsy ulcers resulted in accelerated wound healing and decrease in pain, but had no effect on the diameter of the inflammatory halo.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Baharvand, M. , Lafzi, A. , R-Mafi, A. , Taheri, J. , Mortazavi, H. and Alirezaei, S. (2014) Formulation of a new phenytoin-containing mucoadhesive and evaluation of its healing effects on oral biopsy ulcers. Open Journal of Stomatology, 4, 5-9. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2014.41002.

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