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Proximate composition and seed lipid components of “kabuli”-type chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) from Argentina

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DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.412099    4,366 Downloads   6,276 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Chickpea is an important pulse crop with a wide range of potential nutritional benefits because of its chemical composition. The purpose of the current work was to provide the chemical composition of “kabuli”-type chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) developed in Argentina for nutritional purpose. Protein, oil and ash contents, fatty acid, tocopherol and mineral element compositions were studied. Among the studied genotypes, protein content ranged from 18.46 to 24.46 g/100g, oil content ranged from 5.68 to 9.01 g/100g and ash from 3.55 to 4.46 g/100g. Linoleic, oleic and palmitic acids were the most abundant fatty acids. The average oleic-to-linoleic ratio was 0.62 and average iodine value was 117.82. Tocopherols, well-established natural antioxidants, were found in chickpea seeds in relatively similar amounts across all genotypes. Mineral element analysis showed that chickpea was rich in macronutrients such as K, P, Mg and Ca. The nutritional composition of chickpea genotypes developed and grown in Argentina provides useful information for breeding programs, food marketing and consumers and establishes chickpea as component of a balanced human diet.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Marioli Nobile, C. , Carreras, J. , Grosso, R. , Inga, M. , Silva, M. , Aguilar, R. , Allende, M. , Badini, R. and Martinez, M. (2013) Proximate composition and seed lipid components of “kabuli”-type chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) from Argentina. Agricultural Sciences, 4, 729-737. doi: 10.4236/as.2013.412099.

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