Share This Article:

Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions of Peanut Oil Biodiesel

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:2362KB) PP. 272-286
DOI: 10.4236/jsbs.2013.34037    4,419 Downloads   8,624 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The engine performance and exhaust emissions of biodiesel produced from peanut oil must be evaluated to assess its potential as an alternative diesel fuel. In this study, two diesel engines rated at 14.2 kW (small) and 60 kW (large) were operated on pure peanut oil biodiesel (PME) and its blends with a reference diesel (REFDIESEL). Results showed that comparable power and torque were delivered by both the small and large engines when ran on pure PME than on REFDIESEL while brake-specific fuel consumption (BSFC) was found to be higher in pure PME. Higher exhaust concentrations of nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon dioxide (CO2) and total hydrocarbons (THC) and lower carbon monoxide (CO) emissions were observed in the small engine when using pure PME. Lower CO2, CO and THC emissions were obtained when running the large engine with pure PME. Blends with low PME percentage showed insignificant changes in both engine performance and exhaust emissions as compared with the reference diesel. Comparison with soybean biodiesel indicates similar engine performance. Thus, blends of PME with diesel may be used as a supplemental fuel for steady-state non-road diesel engines to take advantage of the lubricity of biodiesel as well as contributing to the goal of lowering the dependence to petroleum diesel.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

B. Santos, S. Capareda and J. Capunitan, "Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions of Peanut Oil Biodiesel," Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 272-286. doi: 10.4236/jsbs.2013.34037.

References

[1] [1] Demirbas, “Progress and Recent Trends in Biodiesel Fuels,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 50, No. 1, 2009, pp. 14-34.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2008.09.001
[2] A. E. Atabani, A. S. Silitonga, I. A. Badruddin, T. M. I. Mahalia, H. H. Masjuki and S. Mekhilef, “A Comprehensive Review on Biodiesel as an Alternative Energy Resource and Its Characteristics,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2012, pp. 2070-2093. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.01.003
[3] T. Nguyen, L. Do and D. A. Sabatini, “Biodiesel Production via Peanut Oil Extraction Using Diesel-Based Reverse-Micellar Microemulsions,” Fuel, Vol. 89, No. 9, 2010, pp. 2285-2291.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2010.03.021
[4] M. Canacki and J. Van Gerpen, “Biodiesel Production from Oils and Fats with High Free Fatty Acids,” Transactions of the ASAE, Vol. 44, No. 6, 2001, pp. 1429-1436.
[5] S. K. Hoekman, A. Broch, C. Robbins, E. Ceniceros and M. Natarajan, “Review of Biodiesel Composition, Properties and Specifications,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2012, pp. 143-169.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.143
[6] B. R. Moser, “Biodiesel Production, Properties, and Feedstocks,” In vitro Cell Dev Biol-Plant, Vol. 45, No. 3, 2009, pp. 229-266.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11627-009-9204-z
[7] USDA, “US Bioenergy Statistics,” 2013.
http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/us-bioenergy-statistics.aspx
[8] J. Hill, E. Nelson, D. Tilman, S. Polasky and D. Tiffany, “Environmental, Economic, and Energetic Costs and Benefits of Biodiesel and Ethanol Biofuels,” Proceedings of the National Academy Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 103, No. 30, 2006, pp. 11206-11210.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0604600103
[9] G. Antolin, F. V. Tinaut, Y. Briceno, V. Castano, C. Perez and A. I. Ramirez, “Optimization of Biodiesel Production by Sunflower Oil Transesterification,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 83, No. 2, 2002, pp. 111-114.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00200-0
[10] U. Rashid, F. Anwar, B. R. Moser and G. Knothe, “Moringa Oleifera Oil: A Possible Source of Biodiesel,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 99, No. 7, 2008, pp. 8175-8179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.03.066
[11] Y. X. Xu and M. A. Hanna, “Synthesis and Characterization of Hazelnut-Oil Based Biodiesel,” Industrial Crops Products, Vol. 29, No. 2-3, 2009, pp. 473-479.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2008.09.004
[12] W. M. J. Achten, L. Verchot, Y. J. Franken, E. Mathijs, V. P. Singh, R. Aerts and B. Muys, “Jatropha Bio-Diesel Production and Use,” Biomass Bioenergy, Vol. 32, No. 12, 2008, pp. 1063-1084.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.03.003
[13] J. P. Davis, L. O. Dean, W. H. Faircloth and T. H. Sanders, “Physical and Chemical Characterizations of Normal and High-Oleic Oils from Nine Commercial Cultivars of Peanut,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, Vol. 85, No. 3, 2008, pp. 235-243.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11746-007-1190-x
[14] A. Karmakar, S. Karmakar and S. Mukherjee, “Properties of Various Plants and Animals Feedstocks for Biodiesel Production,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 101, No. 8, 2010, pp. 7201-7210.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.04.079
[15] National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), “US Crop Production Data,”
http://usda01.library.cornell.edu/usda/nass/CropProd//2010s/2013/CropProd-01-11-2013.pdf
[16] B. Moser, “Preparation of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters from Hazelnut, High-Oleic Peanut and Walnut Oils and Evaluation as Biodiesel,” Fuel, Vol. 92, No. 1, 2012, pp. 231-238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2011.08.005
[17] C. Kaya, C. Hamamci, A. Baysal, O. Akba, S. Erdogan and A. Saydut, “Methyl Ester of Peanut (Arachis hypogea L.) Seed Oil as a Potential Feedstock for Biodiesel Production,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 34, 2009, No. 5, pp. 1257-1260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2008.10.002
[18] J. Xue, T. E. Grift and A. C. Hansen, “Effect of Biodiesel on Engine Performances and Emissions,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2011, pp. 1098-1116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.11.016
[19] F. Moreno, M. Muñoz and J. Morea-Roy, “Sunflower Methyl Ester as a Fuel for Automobile Diesel Engines,” Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Vol. 42, No. 5, 1999, pp. 1181-1185.
[20] US EPA, “Control of Emissions of Air Pollution from Nonroad Diesel Engines and Fuel; Final Rule,” US EPA, Washington DC, 2004.
[21] M. Canakci and J. H. Van Gerpen, “Comparison of Engine Performance and Emissions for Petroleum Diesel Fuel, Yellow Grease Biodiesel, and Soybean Oil Biodiesel,” Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Vol. 46, No. 4, 2003, pp. 937-944.
[22] SAE Standards, “SAE J 1349: Engine Power Test Code-Spark Ignition and Compression Ignition—Net Power Rating,” SAE, Troy, 2008.
[23] N. Usta, E. Ozturk, O. Can, E. S. Conkur, S. Nas and A. H. Con, “Combustion of Biodiesel Fuel Produced from Hazelnut Soapstock/Waste Sunflower Oil Mixture in a Diesel Engine,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 46, No. 5, 2005, pp. 741-755.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2004.05.001
[24] J. T. Song and C. H. Zhang, “An Experimental Study on the Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a Diesel Engine Fuelled with Soybean Oil Methyl Ester,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D Journal of Automobile Engineering, Vol. 222, No. 12, 2008, pp. 2487-2496.
[25] M. I. Al-Widyan, G. Tashtoush and M. Abu-Qudais., “Utilization of Ethyl Ester of Waste Vegetable Oils as Fuel in Diesel Engines,” Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 76, No. 2, 2002, pp.91-103.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3820(02)00009-7
[26] B. F. Lin, J. H. Huang and D. Y. Huang D-Y, “Experimental Study of the Effects of Vegetable Oil Methyl Ester on DI Diesel Engine Performance Characteristics and Pollutant Emissions,” Fuel, Vol. 88, No. 9, 2009, pp. 1779-1785.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2009.04.006
[27] C. Oner and S. Altun, “Biodiesel Production from Inedible Animal Tallow and an Experimental Investigation of Its Use as Alternative Fuel in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine,” Applied Energy, Vol. 86, No. 10, 2009, pp. 2114-2120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.01.005
[28] A. Monyem, J. H. Van Gerpen and M. Canakci, “The Effect of Timing and Oxidation on Emissions from Biodiesel-Fueled Engines,” Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Vol. 44, No. 1, 2001, pp. 35-42.
[29] A. S. Ramadhas, C. Muraleedharan and S. Jayaraj, “Performance and Emission Evaluation of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Methyl Esters of Rubber Seed Oil,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 30, No. 12, 2005, pp. 1789-1800.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2005.01.009
[30] W. W. Pulkrabek, “Engineering Fundamentals of the Internal Combustion Engine,” 2nd edition, Pearson Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, 2004.
[31] C. Kaplan, R. Arslan and A. Sürmen, “Performance Characteristics of Sunflower Methyl Esters as Biodiesel,” Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, Vol. 28, No. 8, 2006, pp. 751-755.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/009083190523415
[32] M. Muñoz, F. Moreno and J. Morea, “Emissions of an Automobile Diesel Engine Fueled with Sunflower Methyl Ester,” Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Vol. 47, No. 1, 2004, pp. 5-11.
[33] M. N. Nabi, S. M. N. Hoque and M. S. Akhter, “Karanja (Pongamia pinnata) Biodiesel Production in Bangladesh, Characterization of Karanja Biodiesel and Its Effect on Diesel Emissions,” Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 90, No. 9, 2009, pp. 1080-1086.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2009.04.014
[34] A. N. Ozsezen, M. Canakci, A. Turkcan and C. Sayin, “Performance and Combustion Characteristics of a DI Diesel Engine Fueled with Waste Palm Oil and Canola Oil Methyl Esters,” Fuel, Vol. 88, No. 4, 2009, pp. 629-636. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2008.09.023
[35] F. Moser, H. Schlogl and H. Wiesbauer, “Behaviour of Rape Seed Oil Methyl Ester Fueled Tractor Engines and Field Experience,” III’e Symposium, CEC: CTCM/EFTC, 1989.
[36] Y. Ulusoy, Y. Tekin, M. Cetinkaya and F. Karaosmanoglu, “The Engine Tests of Biodiesel from Used Frying Oil,” Energy Sources, Vol. 26, No. 10, 2004, pp. 927-932. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00908310490473219
[37] G. Fontaras, G. Karavalakis, M. Kousoulidou, T. Tzamkiozis, L. Ntziachristo, E. Bakeas, et al., “Effects of Biodiesel on Passenger Car Fuel Consumption, Regulated and Non-Regulated Pollutant Emissions over Legislated and Real-World Driving Cycles,” Fuel, Vol. 88, No. 9, 2009, pp. 1608-1617.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2009.02.011
[38] M. Canakci, “Performance and Emissions Characteristics of Biodiesel from Soybean Oil,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Vol. 219, No. 7, 2005, pp. 915-922.
[39] G. Labeckas and S. Slavinskas, “The Effect of Rapeseed Oil Methyl Ester on Direct Injection Diesel Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 47, No. 13-14, 2006, pp. 1954-1967.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2005.09.003
[40] S. Puhan, N. Vedaraman, G. Sankaranarayanan and R. B. V. Bharat, “Performance and Emission Study of Mahua Oil (Madhuca Indica Oil) Ethyl Ester in a 4-Stroke Natural Aspirated Direct Injection Diesel Engine,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 30, No. 8, 2005, pp. 1269-1278.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2004.09.010
[41] P. K. Sahoo, L. M. Das, M. K. G. Babu and S. N. Naik, “Biodiesel Development from High Acid Value Polanga Seed Oil and Performance Evaluation in a CI Engine,” Fuel, Vol. 86, No. 3, 2007, pp. 448-454.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2006.07.025
[42] C. Carraretto, A. Macor, A. Mirandola, A. Stoppato and S. Tonon, “Biodiesel as Alternative Fuel: Experimental Analysis and Energetic Evaluations,” Energy, Vol. 29, No. 12-15, 2004, pp. 2195-2211.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2004.03.042
[43] S. Puhan, N. Vedaraman, B. V. B. Ram, G. Sankarnarayanan and K. Jeychandran, “Mahua Oil (Madhuca Indica Seed Oil) Methyl Ester as Biodiesel-Preparation and Emission Characterstics,” Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2005, pp. 87-93.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2004.06.002
[44] Z. Utlu and M. S. Kocak, “The Effect of Biodiesel Fuel Obtained from Waste Frying Oil on Direct Injection Diesel Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 33, No. 8, 2008, pp. 1936-1941.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2007.10.006
[45] F. Wu, J. Wang, W. Chen and S. Shuai, “A Study on Emission Performance of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Five Typical Methyl Ester Biodiesels,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 43, No. 7, 2009, pp. 1481-1485.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.12.007
[46] H. Aydin and H. Bayindir, “Performance and Emission Analysis of Cottonseed Oil Methyl Ester in a Diesel Engine,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 35, No. 3, 2010, pp. 588-592. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2009.08.009
[47] M. Karabektas, “The Effects of Turbocharger on the Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a Diesel Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2009, pp. 989-993.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2008.08.010
[48] E. Buyukkaya, “Effects of Biodiesel on a DI Diesel Engine Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics,” Fuel, Vol. 89, No. 10, 2010, pp. 3099-3105.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2010.05.034

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.