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Development and evaluation of an ELISA method for the measurement of kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5) in human serum

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DOI: 10.4236/ojcd.2013.34029    2,453 Downloads   3,958 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) have been proposed as potential cancer biomarkers. Kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5) is a secreted trypsin-like protease of the KLKs. Until now, detection of KLK5 in both biological fluids and tissues has been described frequently due to the potential of being a new cancer biomarker. Our objective was to prepare KLK5 antibodies and establish an ELISA method for KLK5 to study the possible clinical application of KLK5 as a biomarker for malignancies. In this study, recombinant KLK5 protein was produced and purified using a prokaryotic expression system, and then used as immunogen to generate antibodies. High titers of specific antibodies were measured in serum of rabbits after the forth booster injection. And the titer of the antiserum reached 1:106. We have also generated monoclonal antibodies using hybridoma technology and the titer reached 1:105. The activity of KLK5 antibodies was characterized by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. To quantitatively examine KLK5 in serum samples, we established double antibody sandwich ELISA method using mouse mAb as capture and rabbit pAb as tracer antibody. We have detected KLK5 levels in ovarian cancer serum to ensure that our sandwich ELISA measurement to have high sensitivity and specificity. The ranges of linearity reached by the standard curves of the newly developed ELISA were 0.45 ng/mL to 125 ng/mL. The detection limit of the method, defined as the concentration of KLK5 can be distinguished, was 0.20 ng/mL. Median serum KLK5 levels were 3.77 ng/mL and 0.86 ng/mL in ovarian cancer patients and normal female, respectively (P < 0.001). In conclusion, we prepare anti-KLK5 antibodies and develop the sandwich-type ELISA assay for KLK5. Our preliminary findings prompt that KLK5 may be a new potential biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis in patients with ovarian.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Wu, Y. , Liu, X. , Chen, Y. and Hu, C. (2013) Development and evaluation of an ELISA method for the measurement of kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5) in human serum. Open Journal of Clinical Diagnostics, 3, 159-166. doi: 10.4236/ojcd.2013.34029.

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