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Efficiency of Amphoteric Surfactants as Flow Improvers and Pour Point Depressants

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DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2013.15015    3,143 Downloads   4,796 Views   Citations
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ABSTRACT

Some amphoteric surfactants (N-Decyl-N-benzyl-N-methylglycine(AB) and N-Dodecyl-N-benzyl-N-methylglycine(CD) were prepared in the laboratory. The physicochemical chemical characteristics were investigated. The adsorption behavior of these surfactants at oil/air interface was investigated by measuring the surface tension and interfacial tension as function of concentration. Surface properties, in particular the critical micelle concentration (CMC), the maximum surface excess (ΓCMC) and the minimum surface area (AMIN) were measured. It is found that the surface and thermodynamic properties of the prepared surfactants depend on their hydrocarbon chain length. Also it is found that there is a good relation between surface properties of the additive and their efficiency in depressing the pour point. The mechanism of the depressants action has been suggested according the adsorption of each additive. Adsorption of the additive on the surface of the wax particles inhibits their growth and alters the crystal habits through micelle core. As the results the surface and thermodynamic parameters confirm the suggested mechanism and the decreasing of pour point. This is resulted in a multilayer, more isotropic wax crystal, and thus only a fixed amount of wax separates at any given temperatures. The results were discussed in terms of adsorption isotherm.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mehbad, N. (2013) Efficiency of Amphoteric Surfactants as Flow Improvers and Pour Point Depressants. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 1, 90-94. doi: 10.4236/jpee.2013.15015.

References

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[4] T. T. Khidr, E. M. S. Azzam, S. Mutwaa and A. M. A. Omar,“Study of Some Anionic Surfactants as Pour Point Depressant Additives for Wax Gas Oil,”Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 59, No. 2, 2007, pp. 64-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00368790710731855
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