Share This Article:

Assessment of serum calcium in relation to dietary calcium intake in a rural population in Cameroon

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:81KB) PP. 209-212
DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2013.34030    2,526 Downloads   4,039 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The serum calcium levels of patients were assessed as they attended a district hospital in a rural population for a period of one month. A majority of the patients were between the age group of 38-77 years. 55 cases were studied. The ratio of males to females was 3:8. The results show an increase in abnormal serum calcium level with age. The abnormality in serum calcium was higher in females than in males. The demonstration of poor nutritional intake and lack of other calcium supplements was a predisposing factor to the abnormal calcium levels. It was concluded that the abnormal levels of calcium were as a result of lack of calcium diet.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ngwa, N. and Ambe, A. (2013) Assessment of serum calcium in relation to dietary calcium intake in a rural population in Cameroon. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 3, 209-212. doi: 10.4236/ojepi.2013.34030.

References

[1] Wang, L., Nancollas, G.H. and Henneman, Z.J. (2006) Nanosized particles in bone and dissolution insensitivity of bone mineral. Biointerphases, 1, 106-111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.2354575
[2] Campbell, A.K. (1990) Calcium as an intracellular regulator. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 49, 51-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS19900008
[3] Bootman, M.D., Collins, T.J., Peppiatt, C.M., Prothero, L.S., MacKenzie, L., DeSmet, P., Travers, M., Tovey, S.C., Seo, J.T., Berridge, M.J., Ciccolini, F. and Lipp, P. (2001) Calcium signalling—An overview. Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology, 12, 3-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/scdb.2000.0211
[4] Robertson, W.G. and Marshall, R.W. (1979) Calcium measurements in serum and plasma—Total and ionized. CRC Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences, 11, 271-304. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10408367909105859
[5] Lu, P.W., Briody, J.N., Ogle, G.D., Morley, K., Humphries, I.R., Allen, J., Howman-Giles, R., Sillence, D. and Cowell, C.T. (1994) Bone mineral density of total body, spine, and femoral neck in children and young adults: A cross-sectional and longitudinal study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 9, 1451-1458. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.5650090918
[6] Bailey, D.A., Martin, A.D., McKay, H.A., Whiting, S. and Mirwald, R. (2000) Calcium accretion in girls and boys during puberty: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 15, 2245-2250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.2000.15.11.2245
[7] Teegarden, D., Proulx, W.R., Martin, B.R., Zhao, J., Mc-Cabe, G.P., Lyle, R.M., Peacock, M., Slemenda, C., Johnston, C.C. and Weaver, C.M. (1995) Peak bone mass in young women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 10, 711-715. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.5650100507
[8] McCormick, C.C. (2002) Passive diffusion does not play a major role in the absorption of dietary calcium in normal adults. Journal of Nutrition, 132, 3428-3430.
[9] Bailey, D.A., Martin, A.D., McKay, H.A., Whiting, S. and Mirwald, R. (2000) Calcium accretion in girls and boys during puberty: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 15, 2245-2250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.2000.15.11.2245
[10] Teegarden, D., Proulx, W.R., Martin, B.R., Zhao, J., Mc-Cabe, G.P., Lyle, R.M., Peacock, M., Slemenda, C., Johnston, C.C. and Weaver, C.M. (1995) Peak bone mass in young women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 10, 711-715. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.5650100507
[11] Institute of Medicine Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes Food and Nutrition Board (1997) Dietary reference intakes for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin D, and fluoride. National Academy Press, Washington DC.
[12] Tang, B.M., Eslick, G.D., Nowson, C., Smith, C. and Bensoussan, A. (2007) Use of calcium or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation to prevent fractures and bone loss in people aged 50 years and older: A meta-analysis. Lancet, 370, 657-666. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61342-7
[13] McCabe, L.D., Martin, B.R., McCabe, G.P., Johnston, C.C., Weaver, C.M. and Peacock, M. (2004) Dairy intakes affect bone density in the elderly. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 80, 1066-1074.
[14] Talmage, R.V. and Mobley, H.T. (2008) Calcium homeostasis: Reassessment of the actions of parathyroid hormone. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 156, 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2007.11.003

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.