Share This Article:

The Effects of Hand Preference on Attention

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:151KB) PP. 29-33
DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.410A006    4,182 Downloads   5,796 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Handedness is associated with cerebral hemispheric differences. Normal patterns of brain asymmetries are needed for the neural processing of attention. In order to identify ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) children, the use of checklists allows a greater level of accuracy. Here, we will review our data on this subject. Our first study investigated the psychometric properties of a scale developed to assess attention disorders. Our second study investigated the relationship between handedness and attention disorders using the factors derived from the scale. Our third study included the use of a continuous visual test of attention (CVAT) and examined the relationship between handedness and CVAT variables. For the first and second study, 239 students were included. From this sample, 42 students were selected to participate in the third study. Forty-five teachers rated the children. Four factors were extracted: hyperactivity/impulsivity (explained variance = 36.3%); inattention (11.4%); social isolation (5.2%) and self-confidence (explained variance = 3.3%). Sixty-eight children were included in the ADHD group. We found a higher number of consistent left-handers in the ADHD group as compared to the normal group and a significant effect of handedness on factor hyperactivity/impulsivity. This indicated that left-handers showed greater problems in the hyperactivity-impulsivity domain as compared to right-handers. Considering the data derived from CVAT, a significant handedness effect was found only for the variable commission errors. Left-handers with attention problems showed the greatest number of errors and normal dextrals the lowest number of errors. Normal left-handers made significantly more errors than normal dextrals. Commission error is a parameter that is commonly viewed as a measure of impulsivity. Our data show that hyperactivity/impulsivity is related to handedness, because left-handers present more problems in impulsive behavior than right-handers and suggest that consistent left-handed subjects show greater probability to develop ADHD as compared to right-handed subjects.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Schmidt, S. , Simões, E. , Schmidt, G. , Carvalho, A. and Carvalho, A. (2013) The Effects of Hand Preference on Attention. Psychology, 4, 29-33. doi: 10.4236/psych.2013.410A006.

References

[1] Ackerman, J. P., Llorenta, M. M., Black, M. M., Ackerman, C. S., Mayes, L. A., & Nair, P. (2008). The effect of prenatal drug exposure an caregiving context on children’s performance on a task of sustained visual attention. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 29, 467-474.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0b013e3181903168
[2] American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5) (5th ed.). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association.
[3] Arrindel, W. A., & Endle, J. (1985). An empirical test of the utility of the observation to variables ratio in factor and components analysis. Applied Psychological Measurement, 9, 165-178.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014662168500900205
[4] Barkley, R. A. (1990). Attention defict hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment. New York: The Guilford Press.
[5] Barret, P., & Kline, P. (1981).The observation to variable ratio in factor analyses. Journal of Personality and Group Behavior, 2, 94-98.
[6] Bedwell, J. S., Kamath, V., & Compton, M. T. (2009). The relationship between interview-based schizotypal personality dimension scores and the continuous performance test. Schizophrenia Research, 108, 158-162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2008.11.020
[7] Bishop, S. V. M. (1990). Handedness and developmental disorder. Oxford: Mac Keith Press.
[8] Cairney, J. C., Schmidt, L. A., Veldhuizen, S., Kurdyak, P., Hay, J., & Faught, B. E. (2008). Left-handedness and developmental coordination disorder. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 53, 696-699.
[9] Carey, W. B. (1999). Problems in diagnosing attention and activity. Pediatrics, 103, 664-667. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.103.3.664
[10] Carvalho, A. L. N., Manhaes, A. C., & Schmidt, S. L. (2012). Validity and reliability of a teacher’s scale developed in Brazil for assessment of hyperactive/impulsive behaviour and inattention in children and adolescents. Estudos de Psicologia Campinas, 29, 481-488.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-166X2012000400003
[11] Castellanos, F. X., Lee, P. P., Sharp, W., Jeffries, N. O., Greenstein, D. K., Clasen, L. S., Blumenthal, J. D., James, R. S., Ebens, C. L., Walter, J. M., Zijdenbos, A., Evans, A. C., Giedd, J. N., & Rapoport, J. L. (2002). Developmental trajectories of brain volume abnormalities in children and adolescents with attention-defict/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 607-616.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.288.14.1740
[12] Cattell, R. B. (1966). The screen test for the number of factors. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 1, 245-276.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr0102_10
[13] Cho, S. C., Kim, H. W., Kim, B. N., Shin, M. S., Yoo, H. J., Kim, J. W., et al. (2011). Are teacher ratings and parents ratings differently associated with children’s intelligence and cognitive performance. Psychiatry Investigation, 8, 15-21.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4306/pi.2011.8.1.15
[14] Conners, C. K., Epstein, J. N., Angold, A., & Klaric, J. (2003). Continuous performance test performance in a normative epidemiological sample. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 555-558.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025457300409
[15] Dewey, D., Crawford, S. G., & Kaplan, B. J. (2003).Clinical importance of parent rating of everyday cognitive abilities in children with learning and attentional problems. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 36, 87-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/00222194030360011001
[16] Di Paola, M., Luders, E., Rubino, I. A., Siracusano, A., Manfredi, G., Girardi, P., Martinotti, G., Thompson, P. M., Chou, Y. Y., Toga, A. W., Caltagirone, C., & Spalleta, G. (2012). The structure of the corpus callosum in obsessive compulsive disorder. European Psychiatry, in press.
[17] DuPaul, G. J., Anastopoulos, A. D., Shelton, T. L., Guevremont, D. C., & Metevia, L. (1992). Multimethod assessment of attention deficit hyperactiviy disorder: the diagnostic utility of clinic-based tests. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 21, 394-402.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp2104_10
[18] Egliton, E., & Anett, M. (1994). Handedness and dyslexia: A metaanalysis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 79, 1611-1616.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pms.1994.79.3f.1611
[19] Epstein, J. N., Erkanli, A., Conners, C. K., Klaric, J., Costello, J. E., & Angold, A. (2003). Relations between continuous performance test performance measures and ADHD behaviors. Journal of Abnormal Child Pshychology, 31, 543-554.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025405216339
[20] Gershon, J. (2002). A meta-analytic review of gender differences in ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 5, 143-154.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/108705470200500302
[21] Guilford, J. P. (1956). Psychometric methods. New York: McGrawHill.
[22] Glascoe, F. P., Martin, E. D., & Humphrey, S. (1990). A comparative review of developmental screening tests. Pediatrics, 86, 547-554.
[23] Goez, H., & Zelnik, N. (2008). Handedness in patients with developmental coordination disorder. Journal of Child Neurology, 23, 151-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0883073807307978
[24] Greenhill, L. L. (1998). Diagnosing attention-defict/hyperactivity disorder in children. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 59, 31-41.
[25] Honey, G. D., Pomarol-Clotet, E., Corlett, P. R., Honey, R. A. E., Mckenna, P. J., Bullmore, E. T., & Fletcher, P. C. (2005). Functional dysconnectivity in schizophrenia associated with attentional modulation of motor function. Brain, 128, 1597-2611.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awh632
[26] Mares, D., McLuckie, A., Schwartz, M., & Saini, M. (2007). Executive function impairments in children with attention-deficthyper activity disorder: Do they differ between school and home environments. Canadian Journal of Pssychiatry, 52, 527-534.
[27] Meisels, S. J. (1989). Can developmental screening test sidentify children who are developmentally at risk? Pediatrics, 83, 578-585.
[28] Mitsis, E. M., McKay, E., Schulz, K. P., Newcorn, J. H., & Halperin, J. (2000). Parent-teacher concordance for DSM-IV attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder in a clinic-referred sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 308-313.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200003000-00012
[29] Nunnally, J. O. (1978). Psychometric teory. New York: McGraw-Hill.
[30] Ogg, R. J., Zou, P., Allen, D. N., Hutchins, S. B., Dutkiewicz, R. M., & Mulhern, R. K. (2008). Neural correlates of a clinical continuous performance test. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 26, 504-512.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mri.2007.09.004
[31] Quinn, P. O. (2008). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and its comorbidities in women and girls: An evolving picture. Current Psychiatry Reports, 10, 419-423.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-008-0067-5
[32] Reid, H. M., & Norvilitis, J. M. (2000). Evidence for anomalous lateralization across domain in ADHD children as well as adults identified with the Wender Utah rating scale. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 34, 311-316.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3956(00)00027-3
[33] Reid, H. M., & Norvilitis, J. M. (2000). Evidence for anomalous lateralization across domain in ADHD children as well as adults identified with the Wender Utah rating scale. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 34, 311-316.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3956(00)00027-3
[34] Riccio, C. A., Cohen, M. J., Hynd, G. W., & Keith, R. W. (1996). Validity of the auditory continuous performance test in differentiating central processing auditory disorders with and without ADHD. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 29, 561-566.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002221949602900510
[35] Riccio, C. A., Reynolds, C. R., Lowe, P., & Moore, J. J. (2002). The continuous performance test: a window on the neural substrates for attention. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 235-272.
[36] Rodriguez, A., & Waldenstrom, U. (2008). Fetal origins of child nonright-handedness and mental health. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 967-976.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2008.01923.x
[37] Rodriguez, A., Kaakinen, M., Moilanen, I., Taanila, A., McGough, J. J., Loo, S., & Jarvelin, M. R. (2010). Mixed-handedness is linked to mental health problems in children and adolescents. Pediatris, 125, 339-348.
[38] Rolfe, M. H. S., Hausmann, M., & Waldie, K. E. (2006). Hemispheric functioning in children with subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Attention Disorders, 10, 20-27.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1087054705286053
[39] Rosvold, H. E., Mirsky, A. F., Sarason, I., Bransome Jr., E. D., & Beck, L. H. (1956). A continuous performance test of brain damage. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 20, 343-350.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0043220
[40] Schatz, A. M., Ballantyne, A. O., & Trauner, D. A. (2001). Sensitivity and specificity of a computerized test of attention in the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Assessment, 8, 357-365.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107319110100800401
[41] Schmidt, S. L., & Hofke, A. A. (1989). Laterality of Brazilian adults and its relationship with performance in learning a second language. Society for Neuroscience, 15, 1061.
[42] Schmidt, S. L., Oliveira, M. R., Krahe, T. E., & Filgueiras, C. C. (2000). The effects of hand preference and gender on finger tapping performance asymmetry by the use of infra-red light measurement device. Neuropsychologia, 38, 529-534.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0028-3932(99)00120-7
[43] Schmidt, S. L., Snyder, T. J., Roget, A. C., & Gray, E. (2000). Empirical analysis of the selective attention and associated behavior checklists of the Aggregate neurobehavioral student health and educational review. Journal of Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics, 21, 165-171.
[44] Schmidt, S. L., Correa, P. L., Tolentino, J. C., Manhaes, A. C., Felix, R. M., Azevedo, J. C., Barbirato, G. B., Mendes, M. H. F., Boechat, Y., Cabral, H., Schmidt, G. J., Dohmann, H. F., & Mesquita, C. (2008). Value of combining activated brain FDG-PET and cardiac MIBG for the differencial diagnosis of dementia. Diferenciation of dementia with Lewy Bodies and Alzheimer Disease when the diagnoses based on clinical and neuroimaging criteria are difficult. Clinical Nuclear Medicine, 33, 398-401.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0b013e3181708244
[45] Stefanatos, G. A., & Baron, I. S. (2007). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A neuropsychological perspective towards DSM-V. Neuropsychology Review, 17, 5-38.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11065-007-9020-3
[46] Sullivan, K., Halton, D. D., Hamer, J. Sideris, Hooper, J., Ornstein, P. H., & Barly, D. B. Jr. (2007). Sustained attention and response inhibition in boys with fragile X syndrome: Measures of continuous performance. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 144, 517-532.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.b.30504
[47] Swanson, J. M., Kinsbourne, M., Nigg, J., Lanphear, B., Stefanatos, G. A., Volkow, N., Taylor, E., Casey, B. J., Castellanos, F. X., & Wadhwa, P. D. (2007). Etiologic subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Brain imaging, molecular genetic and environmental factors and the dominie hypothesis. Neuropsychological Review, 17, 39-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11065-007-9019-9
[48] Szaflarski, J. P., Rajagopal, A., Altaye, M., Byars, A. W., Jacola, L., Schmithorst, V. J., Schapiro, M. B., Plante, E., & Holland, S. K. (2012). Left-handedness and language lateralization in children. Brain Research, 1433, 85-97.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2011.11.026
[49] Tinius, T. P. (2003). The integrated visual and auditory continuous performance test as a neuropsychological measure. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 18, 439-454.
[50] Tripp, G., Shaugheency, E. A., & Clarke, B. (2006). Parent and teacher rating scales in the evaluation of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: Contribution to diagnosis and differential diagnosis in clinically referred children. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 27, 209-218.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004703-200606000-00006
[51] Ulloa, R. E., Narvaez, M. R., Arroyo, E., Del Bosque, J., & De la Pena, F. (2009). Estudio de validez del cuestionario para transtorno por defcit de atencion y transtorno de conduta. Actas Espanolas de Psiquiatria, 37, 153-157.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.