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Effects of Molar Ratios of Thiol-Ene Monomers on the Morphology and Electro-Optical Properties of Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal Films

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DOI: 10.4236/ojopm.2013.34015    3,645 Downloads   6,100 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

We synthesized tetrafunctional allyl ether monomer (4-AE) and investigated the effects of the different molar ratios of trimethylolpropane tris-(3-mercaptopropionate) (3-SH) to 4-AE on the photopolymerization behavior, morphology, and electro-optical properties of thiol-ene-based PDLC films. Photo-DSC and DSC analyses revealed that the PDLC sample containing 45 wt% 3-SH and 45 wt% 4-AE gave the highest exotherm, the fastest photocure rate, and the highest Tg due to the matched stoichiometry. Morphological observations and electro-optical measurements showed that the PDLC sample with the matched molar ratio gave the smallest LC droplet size, the highest threshold, driving voltages, and lowest saturation transmittance because the orientation of LC molecules got difficulty in small droplets. The stoichiometric ratios of 3-SH to 4-AE played an important role in controlling the photocure rate, phase separation rate, microstructures of LC droplets, and electro-optical properties of thiol-ene-based PDLC systems.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Park, J. Cho and J. Hong, "Effects of Molar Ratios of Thiol-Ene Monomers on the Morphology and Electro-Optical Properties of Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal Films," Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 92-98. doi: 10.4236/ojopm.2013.34015.

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