Share This Article:

The research progress on food organism culture and technology utilization in crab seed production in ponds in China

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:184KB) PP. 563-569
DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.410076    2,706 Downloads   4,055 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Eriocheirsinensis, Portunus trituberculatus and Scylla paramamosain are important commercial culture crab species in China. Traditional factory breeding of crabs depends on Artemia nauplius. The rising price of Artemia cysts has led to the decline of the economic benefit of the crab breeding factory. Factory crab breeding has been gradually replaced by pond breeding in recent years. E. sinensis and P. trituberculatus have been bred mainly in ponds. Meanwhile, S. paramamosain is still mainly bred in factories because of the crudeness of pond breeding. The research progress on food organism utilization in the three species of commercially bred crabs was reviewed in this paper. In the workshop seeds production, rotifer and Artemia nauplii were necessary in the early stages from zoea I to zoea II in the three crab species. Adult artemia, minced fish and shellfish were fed to the larvae in the later zoea stages from zoea III to Megalopa. The rising of the price of artemia eggs made people find other feed organism to replace artemia. Copepods have been used in crab seeds production in pond from zoea III stage to replace artemia in recent years, which has reduced the cost of seeds production.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Qi, J. , Gu, X. , Ma, L. , Qiao, Z. and Chen, K. (2013) The research progress on food organism culture and technology utilization in crab seed production in ponds in China. Agricultural Sciences, 4, 563-569. doi: 10.4236/as.2013.410076.

References

[1] Fishery Bureau in Ministry of Agriculture (2010) China fisheries year book. China Agriculture Press, Beijing.
[2] Han, B.Y. (1996) The technical questions and answers of high-yield aquaculture of Eriocheir sinensis. China Agriculture Press, Beijing.
[3] Zhao, N.G. (1980) Experiments on the artificial propagation of the woolly-handed crab (Eriocheir sinensis) in artificial sea water. Journal of Fisheries of China, 4, 95-104.
[4] Gu, X.L. and Qiao, Z.G. (2012) Progress of the crab seed cultivation in earthen pond in China. Marine Fisheries, 34, 110-116.
[5] Zhu, Y.F. and Song, C.H. (2000) Some questions of Eriocheir sinensis breeding in ponds. Shandong Fisheries, 17, 32-34.
[6] Zeng, Z.S. and Li, S.J. (1992) Experimental studies of ecology of Juvenile scylla serrata I: Food has influence on survival and development of larvae. Transactions of the Chinese Crustacean Society, 3, 85-94.
[7] Chen, P., Yan, B.L., Cheng, J., Li, Y.H., Wan, Q., Cheng, Q.Y. and Zhang, S.S. (2007) Technical specifications of artificial propagation for Chinese mitten-handed crab. Aquiculture industry criteria, SC/T 1099.
[8] Ding, X.Y., He, Z.Y., Sun, Z., Xu, G.H. and He, F. (2003) No-enviromental pollution crab, part 1: Guideline of larva production technology. Local standard of Zhejiang, DB33/ T 395.1.
[9] Qiao, Z.G., Cai, Y.Q., Yu, Z.L., Yu, H.J. and Bi, S.C. (2004) Nuisanceless food: Technical criteria for Scylla paramamosain culture. Agricultural industry criteria, NY/T 5277. China Agriculture Press, Beijing.
[10] Gong, M.Z. (1998) Comparison on feed of larval crab Scylla serrata and Portunus trituberculatus. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait, 17, 16-21.
[11] Wang, B.Q. (1992) A test on Artificial breeding of Eriocheir sinensis in pond. Fisheries Science, 11, 7-9.
[12] Li, S.G. (2001) Artemia nauplii can be replaced by food organism in breeding of Eriocheir sinensis. Scientific Fish Farming, 9, 45.
[13] Li, X.D. (2007) Studies on theory and technology of the river crab (Eriocheir sinensis) culture with ecological methods. Ph.D. Thesis, Ocean University of China, Qingdao.
[14] Zhang, Q.J., Li, X.D., Zhu, H., Liu, X. and Li, Y.H. (2007) Relationships between copepods and Eriocheir sinensis larvae in ecological breeding ponds. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 18, 174-178.
[15] Lv, Y.H., Yu, Z.L., Wang, J.G., Qiao, Z.G. and Zhang, S.F. (2009) Studies on application of nutritional enrichment materials to rearing larval Scylla paramamosain. Marine Fisheries, 31, 270-278.
[16] Mai, X.J., Huang, W.J., Ye, F.L., Li, Z.J., Liang, H.F., Wang, Y.X. and Lin, Z.Y. (2009) Science of healthy cultivation of prawn. China Ocean Press, Beijing.
[17] Liu, Q., Li, X.D., Liu, X., Zhou, Z.J., Zhang, S.L. and Liu, Y.H. (2000) Species composition and biomass of plankton in rotifer breeding ponds. Journal of Dalian Fisheries University, 15, 186-192.
[18] Liu, C.F., Ma, Y.X., Liu, S.Q. and Liu, H.Y. (1998) The effectiveness on bleaching powder on cleaning shrimp pond and its effect on the water quality. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China, 5, 123-125.
[19] Wang, Y. and He, Z.H. (2002) The research progress of live food culture for marine fishes and crustacean. Review articles of world aquaculture conference communication in 2002.
[20] Li, Y.H., Ding, J.H. and Xu, F.X. (1985) Studies on the distribution and hatching of resting eggs of rotifer in fish ponds. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 9, 20-31.
[21] Zhang, X.S. (2011) A test on the application of the bottom micropore oxygen supply technology in Eriocheir sinensis breeding ponds. Journal of Aquaculture, 5, 7-8.
[22] Shanghai Han-Bao Bioengineering Limited Company (2006) The breeding technology of Portunus trituberculatus in earthen pond (volume one). Scientific Fish Farming, 10, 82-83.
[23] Zhang, Q.J. (2001) The preliminary study on ecosystem in breeding pond of Eriocheir sinensis. Ph.D. Thesis, Dalian Fisheries College, Dalian.
[24] Liu, H.Y. (2008) The study on the breeding technique of Portunus trituberculatus in earthen pond. Hebei Fisheries, 6, 33-34.
[25] Wang, J.G., Qiao, Z.G. and Yu, Z.L. (2006) Experiment on the Use of Dipterex to Eradicate Copepod in the Rearing of Rotifier. Marine Fisheries, 28, 83-86.
[26] Chen, K., Qiao, Z.G. and Wang, C.X. (2010) Effect of different food on metamorphosis and survival rate of post larvae of Scylla paramamosian. Modern Fisheries Information, 25, 25-27.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.