Share This Article:

Consideration of the Construction Period of the Khmer Temples along the East Royal Road to Preah Khan of Kompong Svay and the Provenance of Sandstone Blocks Based on Their Magnetic Susceptibility

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:4501KB) PP. 37-48
DOI: 10.4236/ad.2013.12004    4,026 Downloads   10,693 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

To the east of the Angkor monuments, there is a royal road that connects the Angkor area to provincial Khmer cities that include Beng Mealea and Preah Khan of Kompong Svay. Khmer buildings known as Temples d’étape and Fire Shrines are placed approximately every 15 km along this east royal road. In this paper, we investigate the magnetic susceptibility and other characteristics of the sandstone blocks used to construct these buildings in conjunction with their architectural characteristics. As a result, we reconfirmed that the Temples d’étape and Fire Shrines have been constructed during the early Angkor Wat pe- riod and the late Bayon period, respectively. In addition, it was revealed that most of the sandstone blocks used in these buildings along the east royal road were likely supplied from quarries at the southeastern foot of Mt. Kulen. However, we consider that the sandstone blocks used in the buildings of Preah Khan of Kompong Svay, except its central part, the Temple d’étape at Prasat Trapeang Chambok and the Fire Shrine at Prasat Supheap Tbong, were supplied from quarries surrounding Preah Khan of Kompong Svay.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Uchida, E. , Shimoda, I. and Shimoda, M. (2013) Consideration of the Construction Period of the Khmer Temples along the East Royal Road to Preah Khan of Kompong Svay and the Provenance of Sandstone Blocks Based on Their Magnetic Susceptibility. Archaeological Discovery, 1, 37-48. doi: 10.4236/ad.2013.12004.

References

[1] Boisselier, J. (1952). B?n M?l? et la chronologie des monuments du style d’Angkor Vat. Bulletin de l’école Fran?aise d’Extrême-Orient, 46, 187-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/befeo.1952.5162
[2] Carò, F., & Im, S. (2012). Khmer sandstone quarries of Kulen Mountain and Koh Ker: A petrographic and geochemical study. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39, 1455-1466. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2012.01.007
[3] C?dés, G. (1941). La stele du Práh Khan d’Ankor. Bulletin de l’école fran?aise d’Extrême-Orient, 41, 255-302. http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/befeo.1941.5711
[4] Cunin, O. (2004). De Ta Prohm au Bayon. Analyse comparative de l’histoire architecturale des principaux monuments du style du Bayon. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Nancy: L’Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine.
[5] Finot, L. (1925). Dharma?alas au Cambodge. Bulletin de l’école Fran?aise d’Extrême-Orient, 25, 417-422. http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/befeo.1925.3060
[6] Foucher, A. (1903). Nouvelles et Mélanges. Critique de E. Lunet de Lajonquière, 1902, Inventaire descriptif des monuments du Cambodge. Journal Asiatique, 10, 174-180.
[7] Groslier, B. P. (1973). Les Inscriptions du Bayon, Le Bayon (pp. 116-118). Paris: EFEO.
[8] Hendrickson, M. (2007). Arteries of empire—An operational study of transport and communication in Angkorian Southeast Asia. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Sydney: University of Sydney.
[9] Hendrickson, M. (2008). People around the houses with fire: Archaeological investigation of settlement around the Jayavarman VII “resthouse” temples. UDAYA, 9, 63-79.
[10] Jacques, C., & Lafond, P. (2004). L’Empire Khmer, Cités et Sanctuaires Vème-XIIIème siècle. Paris: Fayard.
[11] Lunet de Lajonquière, E. (1902). Inventaire descriptif des monuments du Cambodge, vol. 1. Paris: E. Leroux.
[12] Lunet de Lajonquière, E. (1911). Inventaire descriptif des monuments du Cambodge, vol. 3. Paris: E. Leroux.
[13] Mauger, H. (1939). Prah khan de kompon svay. Bulletin de l’école Fran?aise d’Extrême-Orient, 39, 197-220. http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/befeo.1939.3722
[14] Parmentier, H. (1948). L’Art khmer classique. Monuments du Quadrant Nord-Est, Les éditions et D’histoire. EFEO, 1948, 112-113.
[15] Stern, P. (1965). Les Monuments Khmer du Style du Bàyon et Jayavarman VII, vol. 11. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
[16] Trouve, G. (1934). Chronique de L’Année 1932, Cambodge. Bulletin de l’école fran?aise d’Extrême-Orient, 33, 524-525.
[17] Uchida, E., & Shimoda, I. (2013). Quarries and transportation routes of Angkor monument sandstone blocks. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40, 1158-1164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2012.09.036
[18] Uchida, E., Cunin, O., Shimoda, I., Suda, C., & Nakagawa, T. (2003). The construction process of the Angkor monuments elucidated by the magnetic susceptibility of sandstone. Archaeometry, 45, 221-232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1475-4754.00105
[19] Uchida, E., Cunin, O., Suda, C., Ueno, A., & Nakagawa, T. (2007). Consideration on the construction process and the sandstone quarries during Angkor period based on the magnetic susceptibility. Journal of Archaeological Science, 34, 924-935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2006.09.015
[20] Uchida, E., Ogawa, Y., & Nakagawa, T. (1998). The stone materials of the Angkor monuments, Cambodia. The magnetic susceptibility and the orientation of the bedding plane of the sandstone. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 93, 411-426. http://dx.doi.org/10.2465/ganko.93.411
[21] Uchida, E., Suda, C., Ueno, A., Shimoda, I., & Nakagawa, T. (2005). Estimation of the construction period of Prasat Suor Prat in the Angkor monuments, Cambodia, based on the characteristics of its stone materials and the radioactive carbon age of charcoal fragments. Journal of Archaeological Science, 32, 1339-1345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2005.03.011
[22] Welch, D. J. (1997). Archaeological evidence of Khmer state political and economic organization. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association, 16, 69-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.7152/bippa.v16i0.11648

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.