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Analyzing Typical Characteristics of Central Zagros Potteries during the Chalcolithic Period

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DOI: 10.4236/ad.2013.12002    3,548 Downloads   10,879 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Some 152 Chalcolithic sites were identified by the means of an archaeological surface survey in the Central Zagros mountainous region. As a whole, the analysis of data shows that the majority volume of finding pottery groups is classified as Red-Slipped Wares belonging to the Late Chalcolithic period. Beside this, the Black on Buff Wares and also the Impress Dalma Wares (Middle Chalcolithic) are the two types dominating the samples. The altitude of the settlements has risen by transition from the Early to the Late Chalcolithic periods. By Middle Chalcolithic we confronted different kinds of potteries indicating an improvement in the pottery making techniques or communicating with the neighboring regions. The Late Chalcolithic societies have witnessed a decline in the pottery types produced, but dramatic increases in the production rates. All factors show that in the Late Chalcolithic, population has been increased and a category of settlement systems have been propagated in the region which includes agricultural village-based pastoralism and nomadism.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Balmaki, B. , Niknami, K. and Harsini, M. (2013) Analyzing Typical Characteristics of Central Zagros Potteries during the Chalcolithic Period. Archaeological Discovery, 1, 23-31. doi: 10.4236/ad.2013.12002.

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