Share This Article:

Environmental Impacts of Waste Management Deficiencies and Health Issues: A Case Study in the City of Kaya, Burkina Faso

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:274KB) PP. 1080-1087
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.410124    8,749 Downloads   11,397 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In this study, a stratified survey sampling was used in order to broaden our knowledge on the management systems of household waste in the town of Kaya/Burkina Faso. Population study consists of households of the town of Kaya. The sample size was fist determined using the sample size calculation formula. Then four (04) strata comprising the town of Kaya sectors that have a Health and Social Promotion Center (HSPC) have been considered. A random household selection method, used inside each stratum and a number of 468 households representative of the town’s population, was surveyed. We have addressed all solid and liquid waste management strategies in those four strata. For each stratum, waste disposal infrastructure, its management in the households and its impacts on the town’s environment and populations’ health were screened. Data collected are presented through descriptive statistics in mean of tables and graphs. Frequently reported diseases in the four HSPCs have been correlated with waste management and disposal methods in the town. Poor handling, evacuation and disposal of waste have numerous negatives impacts on the city’s environment such as proliferation of mosquitoes and flies, bad odors, visual pollution. These negatives impacts on the environment in turn have negatives impacts on the health of the city residents. Malaria appears the most encountered disease followed by Acute Respiratory Infection and Diarrhea. Suggestions aimed at improving waste management and the reduction of its deficiencies impacts on the health of the population has been made.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

P. Kafando, B. Segda, J. Nzihou and J. Koulidiati, "Environmental Impacts of Waste Management Deficiencies and Health Issues: A Case Study in the City of Kaya, Burkina Faso," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2013, pp. 1080-1087. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.410124.

References

[1] Assembly of People’s Deputies, “Act N° 005/97/ADP on the Environmental Code in Burkina Faso,” In French, 1997.
[2] French National Assembly, “Environmental Code, Act Art. L.541-1,” In French, 1975.
http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/
[3] ENDA-Tiers Monde, “Waste and Human: Experiences of Recycling in the Third World,” In French, ENDA-Tiers Monde, Dakar, 1990, 300 p.
[4] Alabater, “Waste Minimization Strategies for Developing Countries,” SIEP/UNCHS, Ittingen Workshop, UMP/ SDC, Collaborative Program on Municipal Solid Waste in Low Incomes Countries, 1995.
[5] Ministry of Economics and Finances, Burkina Faso, “Socio Economic Dashboard of the Central-North Region,” In French, 2011.
http://www.finances.gov.bf/files/Donnees_socio_economiques/Tableau_de_Bord_Socio-Economique_Centre-Nord.pdf
[6] National Institute for Statiscs and Demography, “The Central-North Region in Figures,” In French, 2011. http://cns.bf/IMG/pdf/centrenord_2010_vf_ok-2.pdf
[7] F. Sankoh, X. Yan and T. Yen, “Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Waste Disposal in Developing Cities: A Case Study of Granville Brook Dumpsite, Freetown, Sierra Leone,” Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4, No. 7, 2013, pp. 665-670. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jep.2013.47076
[8] B. Godden, “Sample Size Formulas,” 2004. http://williamgodden.com/samplesizeformula.pdf
[9] G. D. Israel, “Determining Sample Size,” Department of Agricultural Education and Communication, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), University of Florida, Gainesville, 1992. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/PD/PD00600.pdf
[10] S. Ahmed, “Methods in Sample Surveys,” Department School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 2009.
http://ocw.jhsph.edu/courses/statmethodsforsamplesurveys/PDFs/Lecture2.pdf
[11] International Fund for Agricultural Development, “Calculating the Sample Size.” http://www.ifad.org/gender/tools/hfs/anthropometry/ant_3.htm
[12] National Institute for Statistics and Demography, “Statistical Handbook of the Central-North Region, Year 2008,” In French, 2011. http://cns.bf/IMG/pdf/annuaire_centre_nord.pdf
[13] City of Kaya, “Water Supply and Sanitation—Communal Sector Development Plan (WSS-CDP),” In French, ANTEA/ SAPAD Group (Burkina-Faso), City of Kaya, 2010, 70 p.
[14] Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Fisheries/ National Program for Water Supply and Sanitation, “Regional Sector Report. Annual Balance Sheet at December 31, 2010,” In French, 2010. http://www.eauburkina.org/PN-AEPA/documents/
[15] House of Decentralized Cooperation, “Drinking Water and Sanitation Supply Program for Nine Towns of Burkina Faso-Information Note n° 5, February, 2013,” 2013.
http://www.mcdburkina.bf/projets_programmes/rapports/NOTE_INFORMATION_N05.pdf
[16] House of Decentralized Cooperation, “Drinking Water and Sanitation Supply Program for nine towns of Burkina Faso-Information Note n° 5, March, 2013,” 2013.
http://www.mcdburkina.bf/projets_programmes/rapports/NOTE_INFORMATION_N06.pdf
[17] National High Polytechnic School, “Management and Use of Wastewater in Areas of Planned Habitat and Their Peripheries,” Sanitation A08, Final Report, 2003, 167 p.
http://www.pseau.org/epa/gdda/Actions/Action_A08/Rapport_final_A08.pdf
[18] R. Taylor, “Interpretation of the Correlation Coefficient: A Basic Review,” Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonnography, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1990, pp. 35-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/875647939000600106
[19] N. J. G. J. Bandara and P. J. Hettiarachchi “Environmental Impacts Associated with Current Waste Disposal Practices in a Municipality in Sri Lanka—A Case Study,” Workshop on Sustainable Landfill Management, Chennai, 3-5 December 2003, pp. 19-26.
[20] S. Abul, “Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Waste Disposal at Mangwaneni Dumpsite in Manzini: Swaziland,” Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, Vol. 12, No. 7, 2010, pp. 64-78.
[21] ONEA, “The Works of the Water Supply at Kaya Are completed,” In French, 2009.
http://www.oneabf.com/a-la-une/actualites/85-les-travaux-de-laep-kaya-sont-acheves.html
[22] Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, “Review of Environmental and Health Effects of Waste Management: Municipal Solid Waste and Similar Wastes,” Queen’s Printer and Controller of HMSO, 2004. http://archive.defra.gov.uk/environment/waste/statistics/documents/health-summary.pdf

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.