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The Dynamics of Vector-Host Feeding Contact Rate with Saturation: A Case of Malaria in Western Kenya

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DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.410187    2,947 Downloads   4,485 Views  

ABSTRACT

In this study, we develop an expression for a saturated mosquito feeding rate in an SIS malaria model to determine its effect on infection and transmission dynamics of malaria in the highlands of Western Kenya. The basic reproduction number is established as a sharp threshold that determines whether the disease dies out or persists in the population. Precisely, if , the disease-free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable and the disease always dies out and if , there exists a unique endemic equilibrium which is globally stable and the disease persists. The contribution of the saturated contact rate to the basic reproduction number and the level of the endemic equilibrium are also analyzed.


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Wairimu, J. and Wandera, O. (2013) The Dynamics of Vector-Host Feeding Contact Rate with Saturation: A Case of Malaria in Western Kenya. Applied Mathematics, 4, 1381-1391. doi: 10.4236/am.2013.410187.

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