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Benefits of Reducing Air Emissions: Replacing Conventional with Electric Passenger Vehicles

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.410119    4,175 Downloads   6,611 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The study estimated the cost of local and global air emissions, and to compare the differences between electric passenger vehicles (EV) and conventional, internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles. The air emissions were estimated for the year 2020, for Denmark, France and Israel, because of their significantly different fuel mixes to produce electricity—a high percentage of renewable energy, mainly nuclear energy and high fossil fuels, respectively. Air emissions from electricity production and conventional traffic were calculated for each country and then multiplied by the specific country’s cost of emissions. Subtracting the total cost of electricity production from the total cost of conventional transportation yields the total benefit for each of the economies studied. The environmental benefit, depending on EV penetration rates, was found to be in the range of 7.8 to 133 MEUR/year for Denmark, 94 to1948 MEUR/year for France and only 4 to 82 MEUR/year for Israel, whose energy mix is the most polluting. Our analysis also shows higher potential benefits when replacing passenger car fleets comprising a high percentage of diesel cars with EVs, as well as in highly populated areas. In addition, we quantified the differences between EVs with fixed batteries and the new switch able battery concept (EASYBAT), as part of the EU 7th Framework Program me. The additional electricity demands for the EASYBAT concept are negligible, and therefore, do not change the overall conclusion that the cleaner the electricity energy mix and the higher the penetration of EVs, the higher the environmental benefits achieved.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

O. Ayalon, B. Flicstein and A. Shtibelman, "Benefits of Reducing Air Emissions: Replacing Conventional with Electric Passenger Vehicles," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2013, pp. 1035-1043. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.410119.

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