Share This Article:

Personal, Situational and Socio-Cultural Factors as Correlates of Intimate Partner Abuse in Nigeria

DOI: 10.4236/asm.2013.34014    5,762 Downloads   8,665 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment

ABSTRACT

This study established the relationships between personal, situational and socio-cultural factors and intimate partner abuse among couples in Nigeria. A multiple regression statistical procedure was employed in analyzing the data collected from 200 participants randomly selected from five ministries in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria. Results obtained indicated that the three variables when combined effectively predicted intimate partner abuse (F-ratio of 5.756 significant at 0.05 alpha level). Taken separately, situational and socio-cultural factors contributed significantly to the prediction (t = 2.146, p < 0.05; t = 2.284, p < 0.05), while personal factor did not (t = 1.705, p > 0.05). On the basis of these findings it was suggested that counselling psychologists should design intervention strategies to promote life-skills training in schools and out-of-schools settings. These include age-appropriate content on sexuality, conflict resolution, building healthy relationships and personal safety. Also, it was suggested that couples should be informed on the long-term health and social consequences of physical and sexual abuse.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

D. Oladeji, "Personal, Situational and Socio-Cultural Factors as Correlates of Intimate Partner Abuse in Nigeria," Advances in Sexual Medicine, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 92-97. doi: 10.4236/asm.2013.34014.

References

[1] J. P. Clark and M. J. Du, “Intimate Partner Violence and Health: A Critique of Canadian Prevalence Studies,” Canadian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 94, No. 1, 2003, pp. 52-58.
[2] A. Joda, H. Zubairu, G. A. Abdulawaheeds and R. Abara, “Against Violence against Women,” Baobab Legal Literacy Leaflet No. 1, 2007. http://www.baobabwomen.org/AVAW.doc
[3] National Population Commission and ICF Macro, “Interview with a Human Right Defender Who Campaigned to end Violence against Women in Family,” Lagos State, 2009.
[4] J. Campbell, and K. Soekan, “Forced Sex and Intimate Partner Violence. Effects on Women Risk and women’s Health,” Violence against Women, Vol. 5, No. 9, 2002, pp. 1017-1035.
[5] Centre for Health and gender Equity, “Mental Health and Behavioural Outcomes of Sexual Abuse: Data Summary,” Maryland Change, Takoma Park, 2001.
[6] D. G. Dutton, “Domestic Assault of Women: Psychological and Criminal Justice Perspective,” University of British Colombia Press, Vancouver, 1995, p. 337.
[7] J. Leibrich, J. Paulin and R. Ransom, “Hitting Home: Men Speak about Domestic Abuse of Women Partners,” Wellington, 1995.
[8] M. P. Koss, I. A. Goodman, A. Browne, I. F. Fitzgerald, G. P. Kelta and N. F. Russo, “No Safe Haven: Male Violence against Women at Home, at Work, and in the Community,” American Psychological Association, Washington DC, 1994. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10156-000
[9] M. Yoshihama and S. B. Sorenson, “Physical, Sexual and Emotional Abuse by Male Intimate: Experiences of Women in Japan,” Violence and Victims, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2000, pp. 63-77.
[10] M. G. Shiroma, “Salud Reproductive Violence Contra la Mujer: Reproductive Health and Violence against Women: An Analysis from a Gender Perspective,” 2004, p. 42.
[11] J. Mooney, “Hidden Figure: Domestic Violence in North London,” Middlesex University, London, 2001.
[12] Tjanen and N. Thoennes, “Prevalence Incidence and Consequences of Violence against Women,” Findings from the National Violence against Women Survey, National Institute of Justice CDC, Washington DC, 2002.
[13] S. Contzalez-Montes, “Domestic Violence in Cuetzalan, Mexico. Some Research Questions and Results,” Centre for Health and Gender Equity Network on Violence against Women, 1998, pp. 30-41.
[14] S. J. Jejebhoy, “Wife Beating in Rural India: A Husband’s Right?” Economic and Political Weekly (India), Vol. 23, No. 15, 1998, pp. 588-862.
[15] L. Michau, “Community-Based For Social Change in Muanza, Tanzania,” Centre for Health and Gender Equity, International Research Network on Violence against Women, Washington DC, 1997, pp. 4-9.
[16] G. Osakue and A. M. Hilber, “Women’s Sexuality and Fertility in Nigeria,” In: R. Petchesky and K. Judd, Eds., Negotiating Reproductive Rights, 2nd Edition, Book Ltd., London, 1998, pp. 180-216.
[17] S. R. Schuler, S. M. Hashemi, A. P. Riley and S. Akheter, “Credit Programmes, Patriarchy and Men’s Violence against Women in Rural Bangladesh,” Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 43, No. 12, 1996, pp. 1729-1742. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(96)00068-8
[18] K. Zimmerman, “Plates in Basket Will Rattle: Domestic Violence in Cambodia,” Cambodia Project against Domestic Violence, 1995.
[19] Y. Hassan, “The Haven Becomes Hell: A Study of Domestic Violence in Pakistan,” Women Living under Muslim Laws, 1995, p. 72.
[20] L. Visaria, “Violence against Women in India: Evidence from Rural Gujarat in Domestic Violence in India,” International Centre for Research on Women, Washington DC, 1999, pp. 9-17.
[21] A. Armstrong, “Culture and Choice: Lessons from Survivors of Gender Violence in Zimbabwe,” Harare. P. 149, 2000.
[22] M. Fournier, R. D. Rios, P. Orpinas and L., Piquet-Carneiro, “Multicentre Study on Cultural Attitudes and Norms towards Violence,” Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1999, pp. 222-231.
[23] J. Rosales, E. Loaiza, D. Primante, A. Barberena, L. B. Sequeira and M. Ellsberg, “Encuesta Nicaraguense de Demografia y Salud,” 1998.
[24] H. Johnson, “Dangerous Domains: Violence against Women in Canada,” Nelson Canada Publishing, Ontario, 1996, p. 252.
[25] M. Romero, “Sexual and Domestic Violence: Report from the Qualitative Phase from an Adolescent Centre in san-Niguel de,” Population Council, Mexico City, 1994, p. 53.
[26] L. Heise, “Violence against Women: An Integrated Ecological Framework,” Violence against Women, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1998, pp. 262-290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801298004003002
[27] M. Fournier, R. D. Rios, P. Orpinas and L., Piquet-Carneiro, “Multicentre Study on Cultural Attitudes and Norms towards Violence,” Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1999, pp. 222-231.
[28] G. T. Hotalling and D. B. Sugarman, “An Analysis of Risk Markers in Husband to Wife Violence: The Current State of Knowledge,” Violence and Victims, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1986, pp. 101-124.
[29] D. Counts, J. K. Brown and J. C. Campbell, “Sanctions and Sanctuary: Cultural Perspectives on the Beating of Wives,” West-view Press, Boulder, 1992, p. 337.
[30] O. N. Kyriacou, F. Mccabe, D. Anglin, K. Lapesarde and M. R. Winer, “Emergency Department-Based on the Study of Risk Factors for Acute Injury from Domestic Violence against Women,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1998, pp. 502-506. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0196-0644(98)70261-6
[31] R. S. Oropesa, “Development and Marital Power in Mexico,” Social Forces, Vol. 75, No. 4, 1997, pp. 1292-1317.
[32] C. Parry, J. Tibbs, J. Vanderspuy and G. Cummins, “Alcohol Attributable Fractions for Trauma in South Africa,” Curationis, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1996, pp. 2-5.
[33] J. Mccauley, D. E. Kern, K. Kolodnr, L. Dil, A. F. Schroeder, H. K. Dechant, J. Ryden, E. B. Bass and L. R. Derogatis, “The Battering Syndrome,” Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Domestic Violence In Primary Health Care Internal Medicine Practices, Annals of Internal Medicine, Vol. 123, No. 10, 1995, pp. 737-746. http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-123-10-199511150-00001
[34] J. T. Bertrand, V. Ward and F. Pauc, “Sexual Practices among the Quiche-Speaking Mayan Population of Guatamab,” International Quarterly of Communication Health Education, Vol. 12, No. 4, 1992, pp. 265-282. http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/FJH0-H8TN-YWF5-4557
[35] K. I. Hoffman, D. H. Demo and J. N. Edwards, “Physical Wife Abuse in a Non-Western Society: An Integrated Theoretical Approach,” Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 5, No. 6, 1994, pp. 131-146. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/352709
[36] K. I. Hoffman, D. H. Demo and J. N. Edwards, “Physical Wife Abuse in a Non-Western Society: An Integrated Theoretical Approach,” Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 5, No. 6, 1994, pp. 131-146. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/352709
[37] M. Koenig, M. B. Hassan, S. Ahmed and J. Haaga, “Individual and Community-Level Determinants of Domestic Violence in Rural Bangladesh,” H.P.C.P.P, 1999, p. 32.
[38] P. Orpinas, “Who Is Violent? Factors Associated with Aggressive Behaviours in Latin America and Spain,” Pan American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 5, No. 4-5, 1999, pp. 237-243.
[39] D. Levinson, “Violence in Cross-Cultural Perspective,” Sage Publications, New-Bury Park, 1989, p. 139.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.