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Role of Active Principles of Podophyllum hexandrum in Amelioration of Radiation Mediated Lung Injuries by Reactive Oxygen/Nitrogen Species Reduction

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DOI: 10.4236/cellbio.2013.23012    3,223 Downloads   6,651 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Radiation induced reactive oxygen/nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) are reported to cause lung injuries such as pneumonitis and fibrosis which may be fatal at times. Current study is designed to analyse the radioprotective efficacy of P. hexandrum active principles (G-002M) on lungs of mice exposed to high dose of gamma irradiation (7 Gy). Cellular profiles and inflammatory cell infiltrates of irradiated bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) have shown correlations with lung pathology. Cell counts were determined in BALF of control, 7 Gy radiation exposed and radiation with G-002M pretreated mice. ROS/Nitric Oxide (NO) production was measured by 2,7 dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCF-DA) and diaminofluorescein diacetate (DAF-2DA) through microscopy and flow cytometry respectively. Immunostaining of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in BALF cells and lung sections was also observed microscopically. iNOS ex- pression was observed in lungs by western blotting. BALF was also processed to estimate total protein, LDH, and phospholipids content. Catalase, reduced Glutathione (GSH), Glutathione reductase (GR) and lipid peroxidation were estimated in lung tissues. Pre-administration of G-002M significantly decreased radiation mediated neutrophils count in BALF of irradiated mice. ROS generation, iNOS expression, total protein, LDH and phospholipids were found less affected in G-002M pretreated group in comparison to radiation alone group. Radiation exposure to mice was found apparently leading to parenchymal fibrosis, an architectural distortion of the lung tissue with edema, infiltration of inflammatory blood cells with increased immunolabeling of iNOS. G-002M pretreatment significantly countered radiation mediated increased lipid peroxidation and decreased GR, catalase and GSH in mice. Current study demonstrates possible role of P. hexandrum (G-002M) in minimizing lung damage induced by radiation mediated ROS/RNS generation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

R. Saini, S. Verma, A. Singh and M. Lata Gupta, "Role of Active Principles of Podophyllum hexandrum in Amelioration of Radiation Mediated Lung Injuries by Reactive Oxygen/Nitrogen Species Reduction," CellBio, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2013, pp. 105-116. doi: 10.4236/cellbio.2013.23012.

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