Share This Article:

Geological Model of Mae Tang-Mae Ngad Diversion Tunnel Project, Northern Thailand

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:2715KB) PP. 340-351
DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.35039    3,682 Downloads   6,163 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Most of infrastructure projects around the world have to focus on a clear understanding of geological model which may be determined from various sources of information. The limitation in geotechnical data and budget affects the accuracy of the geological model, particularly for projects of long and deep tunnel of which accessibility to the excavation points is difficult and far reaching. Therefore, an approach adopted for interpretation plays an important role in the level of uncertainty of the derived geological model. This paper focuses on the determination of the geological models at the site of a long water diversion tunnel project in a complex geologic setting in northern Thailand from an approach to understand the relationship between regional tectonic setting and local tectonic condition so that geological structures and rock mass conditions along the tunnel alignment can be assessed for a better planning of tunnel design and construction. The paper describes tectonic settings at regional scale (Northern Thailand and Eastern Myanmar), tectonic features and geologic condition in project area, geotechnical investigation and data along tunnel alignment and predicted tunnel ground behavior.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

K. Kaewkongkaew, N. Phien-wej, T. Harnpattanapanich and C. Sutiwanich, "Geological Model of Mae Tang-Mae Ngad Diversion Tunnel Project, Northern Thailand," Open Journal of Geology, Vol. 3 No. 5, 2013, pp. 340-351. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2013.35039.

References

[1] C. Lee and T. Charoenmit, “Geology of Mae Ping Basin, Scale: 1: 50000,” Changwat Chiang Mai, Amphoe San Pa Tong, Amphoe San Sai, and Changwat Lamphun, 2004, pp. 213-218.
[2] G. R. Dunning, A. S. Macdonald and S. M. Barr, “Zircon and Monazite U-Pb Dating of the Doi Inthanon Core Complex, Northern Thailand: Implications for Extension within the Indosinian Orogen,” Tectonophysics, Vol. 251, No. 1-4, 1995, pp. 197-213. doi:10.1016/0040-1951(95)00037-2
[3] Austrian Society for Geomechanics, “Guideline for the Geomechanical Design of Underground Structures,” Austrian Society for Geomechanics, Salzburg, 2001.
[4] O. M. Ferrari, C. Holchard and G. M. Stampfli, “An Alternative Plate Tectonic Model for the Palaeozoic-Early Mesozoic Palaeotethyan Evolution of Southeast Asia (Northern Thailand-Burma),” Tectonophysics, Vol. 451, No. 1-4, 2008, pp. 346-365.
[5] P. Charusiri, B. P. Rhodes, P. Saithong, S. Kosuwan, S. Pailophi, W. Wiwegwin, V. Doarerk, C. Hinthong and S. Klaipongpan, “Regional Tectonic Setting and Seismiicity of Thailand with Reference to Reservoir Construction,” GEOTHAI’07 International Conference on Geology of Thailand: Towards Sustainable Development and Sufficiency Economy, Bangkok, 21-22 November 2007, pp. 274-287.
[6] T. Y. Lee and L. A. Lawver, “Cenozoic Plate Reconstruction of Southeast Asia,” Tectonophysics, Vol. 251, No. 1-4, 995, pp. 85-138. doi:10.1016/0040-1951(95)00023-2
[7] P. Molnar and P. Tapponnier, “Cenozoic Tectonics of Asia: Effects of a Continental Collision,” Science, Vol. 189, No. 4201, 1975, pp. 419-426.
[8] P. Molnar and P. Tapponnier, “The Collision between India and Eurasia,” Scientific American, Vol. 236, No. 4, 1977, pp. 29-41.
[9] C. K. Morley, S. Gabdi and K. Seusutthiya, “Fault Superimposition and Linkage Resulting from Stress Changes during Rifting: Examples from 3D Seismic Data, Phitsanulok Basin, Thailand,” Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2007, pp. 646-663. doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2006.11.005
[10] C. K. Morley, “Nested Strike-Slip Duplexes, and Other Evidence for Late Cretaceous-Paleogene Transpressional Tectonics before and during India-Eurasia Collision, in Thailand, Myanmar and Malaysia,” Journal of the Geological Society of London, Vol. 161, No. 5, 2004, pp. 799-812. doi:10.1144/0016-764903-124
[11] C. K. Morley, “A Tectonic Model for the Tertiary Evolution of Strike-Slip Faults and Rift Basins in SE Asia,” Tectonophysics, Vol. 347, No. 4, 2002, pp. 189-215. doi:10.1016/S0040-1951(02)00061-6
[12] S. Polachan, S. Pradidtan, C. Tongtaow, S. Janmaha, K. Intarawijitr and C. Sangsuwan, “Development of Cenozoic Basins in Thailand,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1991, pp. 84-97. doi:10.1016/0264-8172(91)90047-5
[13] S. Singharajwarapan and R. Berry, “Tectonic Implications of the Nan Suture Zone and Its Relationship to the Sukhothai Fold Belt, Northern Thailand,” Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 6, 2000, pp. 663-673. doi:10.1016/S1367-9120(00)00017-1
[14] P. Tapponnier, G. Peltzer and R. Armijo, “On the Mechanism of Collision between India and Asia,” In: M. P. Coward and A. C. Ries, Eds., Collision Tectonics, Geological Society of London Special Publication, Vol. 19, 1986, pp. 113-157
[15] F. Hirsch, K. Ishida, T. Kozai and A. Meesook, “The Welding of Shan-Thai,” Geosciences Journal, Vol. 10, 2006, pp. 195-204. doi:10.1007/BF02910364
[16] Panya Consultants Co., Ltd., “Detail Design Stage, Engineering Geological-Geotechnical Design,” Final Report, Mae Ngad-Mae Kuang Tunnel Project, Northern, 2005.
[17] K. V. Campbell, “Structural Setting and Metamorphic Grade of the Lansang Gneiss,” Newsletter of the Geological Society of Thailand, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1973, pp. 32-44
[18] A. H. G. Mitchell, “Late Permian-Mesozoic Events and the Mergui Group Nappe in Myanmar and Thailand,” Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 2-3, 1992, pp. 165-178. doi:10.1016/0743-9547(92)90051-C
[19] I. Metcalfe, “Comment on An alternative Plate Tectonic Model for the Palaeozoic-Early Mesozoic Palaeotethyan Evolution of Southeast Asia (Northern Thailand-Burma),” Tectonophysics, Vol. 471, 2009, pp. 329-332.
[20] W. Uttamo, C. F. Elders and G. J. Nicols, “Relationships between Cenozoic Strike-Slip Faulting and Basin Opening in Northern Thailand,” In: F. Storti, R. E. Holdsworth and F. Salvini, Eds., Intraplate Strike-Slip Deformation Belts, Geological Society of London Special Publication, Vol. 210, 2003, pp. 89-108.
[21] K. Wattananikorn, J. A. Beshir and A. Nochaiwong, “Gravity Interpretation of Chiang Mai Basin, Northern Thailand: Concentrating on Ban Thung Sieo Area,” Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 1-2, 1995, pp. 53-64. doi:10.1016/0743-9547(95)00022-4
[22] S. Polachan and N. Sattayarak, “Strike-Slip Tectonics and the Development of Tertiary Basins in Thailand,” International Symposium on Intermontane Basins: Geology and Resources, Chiang Mai, 30 January-2 February 1989, pp. 243-253.
[23] S. M. Macdonald, G. R. Barr, G. R. Dunning and W. Yaowanoiyothin, “The Doi Inthanon Metamorphic Core Complex in NW Thailand: Age and Tectonic Significance,” Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 1-4, 1993, pp. 117-126.
[24] A. Mickein, “U-Pb-, Rb/Srund K/Ar-Untersuchungen zur Metamorphen Entwicklung und Entwicklung und Altersstellung des ‘Prakambriums’ in NW-Thailand,” Goettinger Arbeiten zur Geologie und Palaeontologie, No. 73, 1997, pp. 1-83.
[25] C. K. Morley, “Variations in Late Cenozoic-Recent Strike-Slip and Oblique-Extensional Geometries, within Indochina: The Influence of Pre-Existing Fabrics,” Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2007, pp. 36-58. doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2006.07.003
[26] C. K. Morley, “Combined Escape Tectonics and Subduction Rollback-Back Arc Extension: A Model for the Evolution of Cenozoic Rift Basins in Thailand, Malaysia and Laos,” Journal of the Geological Society of London, Vol. 158, No. 3, 2001, pp. 461-474. doi:10.1144/jgs.158.3.461
[27] C. K. Morley, N. Woganan, N. Sangkumarn, T. B. Hoon, A. Alief and M. Simmons, “Late Oligocene-Recent stress Evolution in Rift Basins of Northern and Central Thailand: Implications for Escape Tectonics,” Tectonophysics, Vol. 334, No. 2, 2001, pp. 115-150. doi:10.1016/S0040-1951(00)00300-0
[28] B. Ratanasthien, “Problems of Neogene Biostratigraphic Correlation in Thailand and Surrounding Areas,” Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2002, pp. 235-241.
[29] B. P. Rhodes, J. Blum and T. Devine, “Geology of the Doi Suthep Metamorphic Core Complex and Adjacent Chiang Mai Basin,” The International Conference on Stratigraphy and Tectonic Evolution of Southeast Asia and South Pacific, Bangkok, 19-24 August 1997, pp. 305-313.
[30] B. P. Rhodes, J. Blum and T. Devine, “Structural Development of the Mid-Cenozoic Doi Suthep Metamorphic Core Complex and Western Chiang Mai Basin, Northern Thailand,” Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2000, pp. 97-108. doi:10.1016/S1367-9120(99)00019-X
[31] A. S. Macdonald, S. M. Barr, B. V. Miller, P. H. Reynolds, B. P. Rhodes and B. Yokart, “P-T-t Constraints on the Development of the Doi Inthanon Metamorphic Core Complex Domain and Implications for the Evolution of the Western Gneiss Belt, Northern Thailand,” Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2009, pp. 82-104.
[32] P. Charusiri, “Lithosphile Metallogenitic Epochs of Thailand: A Geological and Geochronological Investigation,” Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Queen’s University, 1989.
[33] S. Kongjai and S. Singharajwarapan, “Structure and Metamorphism of the Ob Luang Gneiss, Northern Thailand,” In: N. Mantajit, Ed., Proceedings of the Symposium on Geology of Thailand, Bangkok, 26-31 August 2002, p. 296.
[34] T. Harnpattanapanich, K. Trinetra and C. Sutiwanich, “Phitsanulok Thrust and Fold Belt: Geologic Evendences from Kwai Noi Dam,” Proceedings of the International Symposia on Geoscience Resources and Environments of Asian Terranes (GREAT 2008), Bangkok, 24-26 November 2008, pp. 73-83.
[35] H. Hara, K. Wakita, K. Ueno, Y. Kamata, K. Hisada, P. Charusiri, T. Charoentitirat and P. Chaodumrong, “Nature of Accretion Related to Paleo-Tethys Subduction Recorded in Northern Thailand: Constraints from mélange Kinematics and Illite Crystallinity,” Gondwana Research, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2009, pp. 310-320. doi:10.1016/j.gr.2009.01.006
[36] B. P. Rhodes, R. Perez, A. Lamjuan and S. Kosuwan, “Kinematic and Tectonic Implications of the Mae Kuang Fault, Northern Thailand,” Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 24, No. 1, 2004, pp. 79-89. doi:10.1016/j.jseaes.2003.09.008
[37] P. Tapponnier and P. Molnar, “Slip-Line Field Theory and Large-Scale Continental Tectonics,” Nature, Vol. 264 No. 5584, 1976, pp. 319-324.
[38] P. Tapponnier, G. Peltzer, A. Y. Le Dain, R. Armijo and P. Cobbold, “Propagating Extrusion Tectonics in Asia: New Insights from Simple Experiments with Plasticine,” Gelolgy, Vol. 10, No. 12, 1982, pp. 611-616.
[39] P. Chaodumrong, Y. Uk-kakimapan, S. Snansieng, S. Janmaha, S. Pradidtan and N. S. Leow, “A Review of the Tertiary Sedimentary Rocks of Thailand,” In: P. Nutyalaya, Ed., Proceedings of a Workshop on Stratigraphic Correlation of Thailand and Malaysia, Geological Society of Thailand, Bangkok/Geological Society of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, l983, pp. 159-187.
[40] W. Uttamo, “Structural and Sedimentological Evolution of Tertiary Sedimentary Basins in Northern Thailand,” Ph.D. Dissertation Thesis, Royal Holloway, University of London, London, 2000.
[41] Northern Petroleum Development Center, “Petroleum geology of Chiangmai Basin Interpretation Report,” Vol. 1, 2006, p. 43.
[42] C. H. Fenton, P. Charusiri and S. H. Wood, “Recent Paleoseismic Investigations in Northern and Western Thailand,” Annals of Geophysics, Vol. 46, No. 5, 2003, pp. 957-981.
[43] C. K. Morley, N. Sangkumarn, T. B. Hoon, C. Chonglakmani and J. Lambiase, “Structural Evolution of the Li Basin Northern Thailand,” Journal of the Geological Society of London, Vol. 157, No. 2, 2000, pp. 483-492. doi:10.1144/jgs.157.2.483
[44] B. P. Rhodes, R. Conejo, T. Benchawan, S. Titus and R. Lawson, “Palaeocurrents and Provenance of the Mae Rim Formation, Northern Thailand: Implications for Tectonic Evolution of the Chiang Mai Basin,” Journal of the Geological Society, Vol. 162, No. 1, 2005, pp. 51-63. doi:10.1144/0016-764903-128
[45] H. W. Parker, “Planning and Site Investigation in Tunnelling,” Congresso Brasileiro de Tuneis Estruturas Subterraneas Seminario Internacional South American Tunnelling, 2004.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.