Share This Article:

Optimum Dark Adaptation Period for Evaluating the Maximum Quantum Efficiency of Photosystem II in Ozone-Exposed Rice Leaves

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:299KB) PP. 1750-1757
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.49215    3,979 Downloads   5,638 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Because the transient O3 injury of leaves is lost with time, the evaluation of O3 effect on the maximum quantum efficiency of PSII (Fv/Fm) is difficult. Thus, the authors examined Fv/Fm in rice leaves exposed to different O3 concentrations (0, 0.1, and 0.3 cm3·m-3, expressed as O0, O0.1, and O0.3) under different dark adaptation periods (0, 1, 5, 10, 20, and 30 min, expressed as D0, D1, D5, D10, D20, and D30) to ascertain its optimum time span. Fv/Fm was inhibited by O3; however in the O0 and O0.1 plants, it recovered during dark adaptation. In the O0.3 plants, Fv/Fm decreased gradually with time. F0 was found to be increased by O3, and it increased further in the O0.3 plants during dark adaptation. Under a high light intensity, Fm was decreased by O3, and the O3-induced damage to Fv/Fm was therefore more pronounced. However, the sensitivity of F

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

H. Hiroki Kobayakawa and K. Imai, "Optimum Dark Adaptation Period for Evaluating the Maximum Quantum Efficiency of Photosystem II in Ozone-Exposed Rice Leaves," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 9, 2013, pp. 1750-1757. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.49215.

References

[1] Environ Improve Div, Tokyo Metropolitan Government Bureau Environ, “Review Report on the Photochemical Oxidant Measures,” Journal of Japan Society for Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 40, No. 6, 2005, pp. A65-A77.
[2] H. Cabrera, S. V. Dawson and C. Stromberg, “A California Air Standard to Protect Vegetation from Ozone,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 53, No. 1-4, 1988, pp. 397-408. doi:10.1016/0269-7491(88)90049-8
[3] I. Nouchi, “Plant Responses to Atmospheric Environmental Change,” Yokendo, Tokyo, 2001.
[4] K. Imai and K. Kobori, “Effects of the Interaction between Ozone and Carbon Dioxide on Gas Exchange, Ascorbic Acid, and Visible Leaf Symptoms in Rice Leaves,” Photosynthetica, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2008, pp. 387-394. doi:10.1007/s11099-008-0070-4
[5] H. Kobayakawa and K. Imai, “Effects of the Interaction between Ozone and Carbon Dioxide on Gas Exchange, Photosystem II and Antioxidants in Rice Leaves,” Photosynthetica, Vol. 49, No. 2, 2011, pp. 227-238. doi:10.1007/s11099-011-0024-0
[6] T. Ishioh and K. Imai, “Effects of Atmospheric Ozone and Carbon Dioxide Concentrations on Gas Exchanges, Contents of Rubisco and Chlorophyll in Leaves of Lowland Rice,” Proceeding of Kanto Branch, Crop Science Society of Japan, Vol. 20, 2005, pp. 54-55.
[7] R. Rai and M. Agrawal, “Evaluation of Physiological and Biochemical Responses of Two Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Cultivars to Ambient Air Pollution Using Open Top Chambers at a Rural Site in India,” Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 407, No. 1, 2008, pp. 679-691. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.09.010
[8] H. Kobayakawa and K. Imai, “Effects of O3 and CO2 on Photosystem II, Nitrate Reductase and Nitrite Reductase in Paddy Rice Leaves,” Environment Control in Biology, Vol. 49, No. 2, 2011, pp. 91-98. doi:10.2525/ecb.49.91
[9] S. Toyama, M. Yoshida, T. Niki, T. Ohashi and I. Koyama, “Studies on Ultrastructure and Function of Photosynthetic Apparatus in Rice Cells. IV. Effects of Low Dose and Intermittent Fumigation of Ozone on the Ultrastructure of Chloroplasts in Rice Leaf Cells,” Japanese Journal of Crop Science, Vol. 58, No. 4, 1989, pp. 664-672.
[10] K. Imai and T. Ookoshi, “Elevated CO2 Ameliorates O3Inhibition of Growth and Yield in Paddy Rice,” Environment Control in Biology, Vol. 49, No. 2, 2011, pp. 75-82. doi:10.2525/ecb.49.75
[11] I. Nouchi, O. Ito, Y. Harazono and H. Kouchi, “Acceleration of 13C-Labelled Photosynthate Partitioning from Leaves to Panicles in Rice Plants Exposed to Chronic Ozone at the Reproductive Stage,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 88, No. 3, 1995, pp. 253-260. doi:10.1016/0269-7491(95)93437-5
[12] C. D. Reid and E. L. Fiscus, “Ozone and Density Affect the Response of Biomass and Seed Yield to Elevated CO2 in Rice,” Global Change Biology, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2008, pp. 60-76. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01472.x
[13] J. Pang, K. Kobayashi and J. Zhu, “Yield and Photosynthetic Characteristics of Flag Leaves in Chinise Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties Subjected to Free-Air Release of Ozone,” Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 132, No. 3-4, 2009, pp. 203-211. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.03.012
[14] E. A. Ainsworth, G. R. Yendrek, S. Sitch, W. J. Collin and L. D. Emberson, “The Effects of Tropospheric Ozone on Net Primary Productivity and Implications for Climate Change,” Annual Review of Plant Biology, Vol. 63, 2012, pp. 637-661. doi:10.1146/annurev-arplant-042110-103829
[15] A. Bhatia, R. Tomer, V. Kumar, S. D. Singh and H. Pathak, “Impact of Tropospheric Ozone on Crop Growth and Productivity—A Review,” Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, Vol. 71, No. 2, 2012, pp. 97-112.
[16] W. W. Adams III and B. Demming-Adams, “Chlorophyll Fluorescence as a Tool to Monitor Plant Response to the Environment,” In: G. C. Papageorgiou and Govindjee, Eds., Chlorophyll a Fluorescence: A Signature of Photosynthesis. Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration, Springer, Dordrecht, 2004, pp. 583-604.
[17] G. H. Krause and P. Jahns, “Non-Photochemical Energy Dissipation Determined by chlorophyll Fluorescence Quenching: Characterization and Function,” In: G. C. Papageorgiou and Govindjee, Eds., Chlorophyll a Fluorescence: A Signature of Photosynthesis. Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration, Springer, Dordrecht, 2004, pp. 463-495.
[18] N. R. Baker, “Chlorophyll Fluorescence: A Probe of Photosynthesis in Vivo,” Annual Review of Plant Biology, Vol. 59, 2008, pp. 89-113. doi:10.1146/annurev.arplant.59.032607.092759
[19] K. Sonoike, “Basics of the Measurements of Photosynthesis by Pulse Amplitude Modulation,” Low Temperature Science, Vol. 67, 2009, pp. 507-524.
[20] E. H. Lee, “Chlorophyll Fluorescence as an Indicator to Detect Differential Tolerance of Snapbean Cultivars in Response to O3 Stress,” Taiwania, Vol. 36, No. 3, 1991, pp. 220-234.
[21] L. Guidi, C. Nali, S. Ciompi, G. Lorenzini and G. F. Soldatini, “The Use of Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Leaf Gas Exchange as Methods for Studying the Different Responses to Ozone of Two Bean Cultivars,” Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 48, No. 1, 1997, pp. 173-179. doi:10.1093/jxb/48.1.173
[22] L. Guidi, R. Di Cagno and G. F. Soldatini, “Screening of Bean Cultivars for Their Response to Ozone as Evaluated by Visible Symptoms and Leaf Chlorophyll Fluorescence,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 107, No. 3, 2000, pp. 349-355. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00170-0
[23] L. Guidi, M. Tonini and G. F. Soladatini, “Effects of High Light and Ozone Fumigation on Photosynthesis in Phaseolus vulgaris,” Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Vol. 38, No. 9, 2000, pp. 717-725. doi:10.1016/S0981-9428(00)01172-4
[24] S. Shavnin, S. Maurer, R. Matyseek, W. Bilger and C. Scheidegger, “The Impact of Ozone Fumigation and Fertilization on Chlorophyll Fluorescence of Birch Leaves (Betula pendula),” Trees, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1999, pp. 10-16. doi:10.1007/s004680050002
[25] A. Calatayud, J. M. Ramirez, D. J. Iglesias and E. Barreno, “Effects of Ozone on Photosynthetic CO2 Exchange, Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Antioxidant Systems in Lettuce Leaves,” Physiologia Plantarum, Vol. 116, No. 3, 2002, pp. 308-316. doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2002.1160305.x
[26] E. Degl’Innocenti, L. Guidi and G. F. Soldatini, “Characterisation of the Photosynthetic Response of Tobacco Leaves to Ozone: CO2 Assimilation and Chlorophyll Fluorescence,” Journal of Plant Physiology, Vol. 159, No. 8, 2002, pp. 845-853. doi:10.1078/0176-1617-00519
[27] J. Skotnica, M. Gilber, I. Weingart and C. Wilhelm, “Thermoluminescence as a Tool for Monitoring Ozone-Stressed Plants,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 123, No. 1, 2003, pp. 15-20. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00365-2
[28] M. D. Flowers, E. L. Fiscus, K. O. Burkey, F. L. Booker and J.-B. Dubois, “Photosynthesis, Chlorophyll Fluorescence, and Yield of Snap Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Genotypes Differing in Sensitivity to Ozone,” Environmental and Experimental Botany, Vol. 61, No. 2, 2007, 190-198. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2007.05.009
[29] L. Wang, X. He and W. Chen, “Effects of Elevated Ozone on Photosynthetic CO2 Exchange and Chlorophyll a Fluorescence in Leaves of Quercus mongolia Grown in Urban Area,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 82, No. 4, 2009, pp. 478-481. doi:10.1007/s00128-008-9606-3
[30] J. R. Haun, “Visual Quantification of Wheat Development,” Agronomy Journal, Vol. 65, No. 1, 1973, pp. 116-119.
[31] M. Havaux, R. J. Strasser and H. Greppin, “A Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of qP and qN Coefficients of Chlorophyll Fluorescence Quenching and Their Relation to Photochemical and Nonphotochemical Events,” Photosynthesis Research, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1991, pp. 41-55. doi:10.1007/BF00029975
[32] H. Kobayakwa and K, Imai, “Inclination Angle Affects Ozone Injury in the Flag Leaf of Rice,” Plant Production Science, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2013, pp. 24-30. doi:10.1626/pps.16.24

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.