Share This Article:

Productivity and nutritive quality of dallisgrass (Paspalum dilatatum) as influenced by cutting height and rate of fertilization with poultry litter or commercial fertilizer

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:199KB) PP. 455-465
DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.49061    4,409 Downloads   6,065 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Dallisgrass (Paspalum dilatatum) is well adapted to the Black Belt region of the southeastern US, and information on its productivity and nutritive quality as influenced by fertility is needed. In each yr of a 2-yr study, an existing dallisgrass pasture that had been subdivided into 48 plots of 9.3 m2 each was fertilized with the equivalent of 34 (34N), 67 (67N), 101 (101N) or 134 (134N) kg N/ha from poultry litter (PL) or commercial fertilizer (CF; NH4NO3). In both years, primary-growth and vegetative regrowth forage was harvested in mid-August and late September, respectively, and forage from each harvest was clipped to either a 5- or 10-cm stubble height. Forage cut to a 5-cm height yielded 71% more (P < 0.001) DM than forage cut to a 10-cm height, but forage dry matter (DM) yields were not different between CF and PL treatments across years and fertilization rates. Concentration of crude protein (CP) was greater (P = 0.002) for CF than PL forage and increased for both fertilizer sources with increasing rates of N application. Forage concentrations of cell-wall constituents were not different between CF and PL treatments. Forage amended with CF had a higher concentration of Ca, Mg and Mn than PL-amended forage; however, forage amended with PL had a higher concentration of P and K than CF-amended forage. There was no effect of fertilizer source on forage concentration of Al, Cu or Zn. Results indicate that PL and CF were comparable for supporting productivity and nutritive quality of dallisgrass on Black Belt soils.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Bungenstab, E. , Pereira Jr., A. , Lin, J. , Holliman, J. and Muntifering, R. (2013) Productivity and nutritive quality of dallisgrass (Paspalum dilatatum) as influenced by cutting height and rate of fertilization with poultry litter or commercial fertilizer. Agricultural Sciences, 4, 455-465. doi: 10.4236/as.2013.49061.

References

[1] Pizarro, E.A. (2000) Potencial forrajero del género Paspalum. Pasturas Tropicales, 22, 38-46.
[2] Chase, A. (1929) The North American species of Paspalum. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 28, 310.
[3] Holt, E.C. (1956) Dallisgrass. Texas Agricultural Experimental Station Bulletin, 829, 1-14.
[4] AASS (1996) Alabama agricultural statistics service. Montgomery.
[5] Davies, L.J. and Forde, B.J. (1991) Comparative responses of three subtropical grasses to combined frost and prolonged chilling treatments simulating a New Zealand winter. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 34, 249-256. doi:10.1080/00288233.1991.10417661
[6] Evers, G.W. and Burson, B.L. (2004) Dallisgrass and other Paspalum species. In: Moser, L.E. et al., Eds., Warm-Season (C4) Grasses, (pp 681-713), Madison, Agronomy Monographs, 45.
[7] Lippke, H. (1981) Intake, digestibility, and sward characteristics of bermudagrass-dallisgrass pastures. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Progress Report, 3826, 173-174.
[8] Ungar, E.D., Genizi, A. and Detriment, M.W. (1991) Bite dimensions and herbage intake by cattle grazing short hand-constructed swards. Agronomy Journal, 83, 973-978. doi:10.2134/agronj1991.00021962008300060010x
[9] Laca, E.L., Ungar, E.D., Seligman, N. and Demment, M.W. (1992) Effect of sward height and bulk density on bite dimensions of cattle grazing homogeneous swards. Grass and Forage Science, 47, 91-102. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2494.1992.tb02251.x
[10] Flores, E.R., Laca, E.A., Griggs, T.C. and Demment, M.W. (1993) Sward height and vertical morphological differentiation determine cattle bite dimensions. Agronomy Journal, 85, 527-532. doi:10.2134/agronj1993.00021962008500030001x
[11] AOAC (1995) Official methods of analysis. 16th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC.
[12] Van Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.B. and Lewis, B.A. (1991) Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74, 3583-3597. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2
[13] Olsen, S.R. and Sommers, L.E. (1982) Phosphorus. In: Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R., Eds., Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2: Chemical and Microbiological Properties, American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Madison, 403-427.
[14] SAS Institute (2004) SAS/STAT user’s guide. Version 9.1. SAS Institute Inc., Cary.
[15] Minson, D.J. and Wilson, J.R. (1994) Prediction of intake as an element of forage quality. In: Fahey Jr., G.C., et al., Eds., Forage Quality, Evaluation, and Utilization, American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Madison, 533-563.
[16] Lovvorn, R.L. (1944) The effects of fertilization, species competition, and cutting treatments on the behavior of dallisgrass, Paspalum dilatatum Poir., and carpetgrass, Axonopus affinis, Chase. Agronomy Journal, 36, 590-600. doi:10.2134/agronj1944.00021962003600070007x
[17] Holt, E.C. and McDaniel, J.C. (1963) Influence of clipping on yield, regrowth, and root development of dallisgrass, Paspalum dilatatum Poir., and kleingrass, Panicum coloratum L. Agronomy Journal, 55, 561-564. doi:10.2134/agronj1963.00021962005500060018x
[18] Robinson, D.L., Wheat, K.G., Hubbert, N.L., Henderson, M.S. and Savoy Jr., H.J. (1988) Dallisgrass yield, quality and nitrogen recovery response to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 19, 529-542. doi:10.1080/00103628809367957
[19] Venuto, B.C., Burson, B.L., Hussey, M.A., Redfearn, D.D., Wyatt, W.E. and Brown, L.P. (2003) Forage yield, nutritive value, and grazing tolerance of dallisgrass biotypes. Crop Science, 43, 295-301. doi:10.2135/cropsci2003.0295
[20] Watson, V.W. and Ward, C.Y. (1970) Influence of intact tillers and height of cut on regrowth and carbohydrate reserves of dallisgrass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.). Crop Science, 10, 474-476. doi:10.2135/cropsci1970.0011183X001000050004x
[21] Jones, W.F. and Watson, V.H. (1991) Applied phosphorus and potassium effects on yield of dallisgrass-Bermudagrass pastures. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 14, 585-597. doi:10.1080/01904169109364226
[22] Brown, J.M. and Rouse, R.D. (1953) Fertilizer effects on botanical and chemical composition of white clover-dallisgrass associations grown on Sumter clay. Agronomy Journal, 45, 279-282. doi:10.2134/agronj1953.00021962004500070002x
[23] Baréa, K., Scheffer-Basso, S.M., Dall’Agnol, M. and de Oliveira, B.N. (2007) Management of Paspalum dilatatum Poir. biotype Virasoro. 1. Production, chemical composition and persistence. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 36, 992-999. doi:10.1590/S1516-35982007000500002
[24] Linn, J.G. and Martin, N.P. (1989) Forage quality tests and interpretation. University of Minnesota Extension Service Publication, St. Paul.
[25] NRC (1996) Nutrient requirements of beef cattle. 7th Edition, National Academy Press, Washington DC.
[26] Brisibe, E.A., Umoren, U.E., Brisibe, F., Magalhaes, P.M., Ferreira, J.F.S., Luthria, D., Wuh, X. and Prior, R.L. (2009) Nutritional characterization and antioxidant capacity of different tissues of Artemisia annua L. Food Chemistry, 115, 1240-1246. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.01.033
[27] Nordheim-Viken, H., Volden, H. and Jørgensen, M. (2009) Effects of maturity stage, temperature and photoperiod on growth and nutritive value of timothy (Phleum pratense L.). Animal Feed Science and Technology, 152, 204-218. doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2009.04.012
[28] Wood, C.W., Torbert, H.A. and Delaney, D.P. (1993) Poultry litter as a fertilizer for bermudagrass: Effects on yield and quality. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 3, 21-36. doi:10.1300/J064v03n02_05
[29] Acosta, G., Deregibusand, V.A. and Hammar, R. (1996) Inclusión de pasto miel (Paspalum dilatatum, Poir) en pasturas. 2. Efecto sobre el valor nutritivo. Revista Argentina de Producción Animal, 16, 157-167.
[30] Ayala Torales, A.T., Acosta, G.L., Deregibus, V.A. and Moauro, P.M. (2000)Effects of grazing frequency on the production, nutritive value, herbage utilization, and structure of a Paspalum dilatatum sward. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 43, 467-472. doi:10.1080/00288233.2000.9513443
[31] Gunter, S.A., Beck, P.A., Hutchison, S. and Phillips, J.M. (2005) Effects of stocking and nitrogen fertilization rates on steers grazing dallisgrass-dominated pasture. Journal of Animal Science, 83, 2235-2242.
[32] Paterson, J.A., Belyea, R.L., Bowman, J.P., Kerley, M.S. and Williams, J.E. (1994) The impact of forage quality and supplementation regimen on ruminant animal intake and performance. In: Fahey Jr., G.C., et al., Eds., Forage Quality, Evaluation, and Utilization, American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Madison, 59-114.
[33] Mertens, D.R. (1987) Predicting intake and digestibility using mathematical models of ruminal function. Journal of Animal Science, 64, 1548-1558.
[34] Van Soest, P.J. (1994) Nutritional ecology of the ruminant. 2nd Edition, Cornell University Press, Ithaca.
[35] Jung, H.G. and Fahey Jr., G.C. (1983) Nutritional implications of phenolic monomers and lignin: A review. Journal of Animal Science, 57, 206-219.
[36] Greene, L.W. (2000) Designing mineral supplementation of forage programs for beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science, 77, 1-9.
[37] Franzluebbers, A.J., Wilkinson, S.R. and Stuedemann, J.A. (2004) Bermudagrass management in the southern piedmont USA: VIII. Soil pH and nutrient cations. Agronomy Journal, 96, 1390-1399. doi:10.2134/agronj2004.1390
[38] Gascho, G.J. and Hubbard, R.K. (2006) Long-term impact of broiler litter on chemical properties of a Coastal Plain soil. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 61, 65-74.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.