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Irrigation Planning with Conjunctive Use of Surface and Groundwater Using Fuzzy Resources

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DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.58082    4,716 Downloads   7,895 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Surface and groundwater are related systems. They can be used conjunctively to maximize the efficient use of available resources. Groundwater may be used to supplement surface water to cope with the irrigation demands to meet the deficits in low rainfall periods. The parameters involved in the present study are groundwater availability, surface water availability, water requirement of crops and crop area. The inclusion of such uncertain parameters leads to accept the decision making process beyond the consideration of economic benefits. In the present study, an irrigation planning model is formulated by considering the conjunctive use of surface and groundwater. The resources in the present model, i.e. the area, surface water and groundwater availability are represented by fuzzy set. The linear membership function is used to fuzzify the objective function and resources. The model is applied to a case study of Jayakwadi project and solved for maximization of the degree of satisfaction (l) which is 0.546.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

D. Regulwar and V. Pradhan, "Irrigation Planning with Conjunctive Use of Surface and Groundwater Using Fuzzy Resources," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 5 No. 8, 2013, pp. 816-822. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.58082.

References

[1] D. Kashyap and S. Chandra, “A Distributed Conjunctive Use Model for Optimal Cropping Pattern,” Proceedings of Symposium on Optimal Allocation of Resources, IAHS, 1982.
[2] K. N. Murty, “Planning Conjunctive Groundwater and Surface Water Development in Public Irrigation Systems,” Journal of Groundwater Monitoring and Management, Vol. 173, 1990, pp. 459-466.
[3] P. R. Onta and A. Das, “Multistep Planning Model for Conjunctive Use of Surface and Ground water Resources,” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 117, No. 6 , 1992, pp. 662-678. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9496(1991)117:6(662)
[4] S. Mohan and V. JyothiPrakash, “Fuzzy System Modeling for Optimal Crop Planning,” IE (I) Journal-CV, Vol. 81, 2000, pp. 9-17.
[5] S. Vedula, P. P. Mujumdar and G. C. Sekhar, “Conjunctive Use Modeling for Multicrop Irrigation,” Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 73, No. 3, 2005, pp. 193-221. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2004.10.014
[6] A. Srinivasulu and T. V. Satyanarayana, “Development and Application of an LP Model for Conjunctive Use of Water Resources in Saline Groundwater Areas,” IE (I) Journal, Agricultural Engineering Division, 2005, pp. 40-44.
[7] D. Nagesh Kumar, K. S. Raju and B. Ashok, “Optimal Reservoir Operation for Irrigation of Multiple Crops Using Genetic Algorithms,” Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Vol. 132, No. 2, 2006, pp. 123-129. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(2006)132:2(123)
[8] M. Pulido, Joaquin and Andres, “Economic Optimization of Conjunctive Use of Surface Water and Groundwater at the Basin Scale,” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 6, 2006, pp. 454-467.
[9] D. Khare, Jat and D. Sunder, “Assessment of Water Resources Allocation Options: Conjunctive Use Planning in a Link Canal Command,” Journal of Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 51, 2007, pp. 487-506.
[10] E. Kentel and M. M. Aral, “Fuzzy Multiobjective Decision Making Approach for Groundwater Resources Management,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 12 No. 2, 2007, pp. 206-217. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0699(2007)12:2(206)
[11] C.-C. Yang, L.-C. Chang, C.-S. Chen and M.-S. Yeh, “Multi-Objective Planning for Conjunctive Use of Surface and Subsurface Water Using Genetic Algorithm and Dynamics Programming,” Journal of Water Resources Management, Vol. 23, No. 3, 2009, pp. 417-437. doi:10.1007/s11269-008-9281-5
[12] D. G. Regulwar and P. Anand Raj, “Development of 3-D Optimal Surface for Operational Policies of a Multireservoir in Fuzzy Environment Using Genetic Algorithm for River Basin Development and Management,” Journal of Water Resources Management, Vol. 22, No. 5, 2008, pp. 595-610. doi:10.1007/s11269-007-9180-1
[13] R. U. Kamodkar and D. G. Regulwar, “Derivation of Multipurpose Single Reservoir Release Policies with Fuzzy Constraints,” Journal of Water Resources and Protection, Vol. 2, No. 12, 2010, pp. 1028-1039.
[14] D. G. Regulwar and J. B. Gurav, “Irrigation Planning under Uncertainty: A Multi Objective Fuzzy Linear Programming Approach,” Journal of Water Resources Management, Vol. 25, No. 5, 2010, pp. 1387-1416. doi:10.1007/s11269-010-9750-5
[15] R. U. Kamodkar and D. G. Regulwar, “Multipurpose Single Reservoir Operation with Fuzzy Technological Constraint,” ISH Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 16 No. 1, 2010, pp. 49-62.
[16] G. J. Klir and B. Yuan, “Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic: Theory and Applications,” Prentice Hall, 2000.
[17] National Water Commission, “Groundwater Resources Estimation Committee Report,” National Water Commission, GEC, 1997.
[18] Government of Maharashtra, “Revised Project Report Jayakwadi Project Stage I,” Irrigation Department, Government of Maharashtra, Maharashtra.
[19] D. Kashyap and S. Chandra, “A Distributed Conjunctive Use Model for Optimal Cropping Pattern,” Proceedings of Symposium on Optimal Allocation of Resources, IAHS, 1982.
[20] K. N. Murty, “Planning Conjunctive Groundwater and Surface Water Development in Public Irrigation Systems,” Journal of Groundwater Monitoring and Management, Vol. 173, 1990, pp. 459-466.
[21] P. R. Onta and A. Das, “Multistep Planning Model for Conjunctive Use of Surface and Ground water Resources,” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 117, No. 6 , 1992, pp. 662-678. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9496(1991)117:6(662)
[22] S. Mohan and V. JyothiPrakash, “Fuzzy System Modeling for Optimal Crop Planning,” IE (I) Journal-CV, Vol. 81, 2000, pp. 9-17.
[23] S. Vedula, P. P. Mujumdar and G. C. Sekhar, “Conjunctive Use Modeling for Multicrop Irrigation,” Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 73, No. 3, 2005, pp. 193-221. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2004.10.014
[24] A. Srinivasulu and T. V. Satyanarayana, “Development and Application of an LP Model for Conjunctive Use of Water Resources in Saline Groundwater Areas,” IE (I) Journal, Agricultural Engineering Division, 2005, pp. 40-44.
[25] D. Nagesh Kumar, K. S. Raju and B. Ashok, “Optimal Reservoir Operation for Irrigation of Multiple Crops Using Genetic Algorithms,” Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Vol. 132, No. 2, 2006, pp. 123-129. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(2006)132:2(123)
[26] M. Pulido, Joaquin and Andres, “Economic Optimization of Conjunctive Use of Surface Water and Groundwater at the Basin Scale,” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 6, 2006, pp. 454-467.
[27] D. Khare, Jat and D. Sunder, “Assessment of Water Resources Allocation Options: Conjunctive Use Planning in a Link Canal Command,” Journal of Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 51, 2007, pp. 487-506.
[28] E. Kentel and M. M. Aral, “Fuzzy Multiobjective Decision Making Approach for Groundwater Resources Management,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 12 No. 2, 2007, pp. 206-217. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0699(2007)12:2(206)
[29] C.-C. Yang, L.-C. Chang, C.-S. Chen and M.-S. Yeh, “Multi-Objective Planning for Conjunctive Use of Surface and Subsurface Water Using Genetic Algorithm and Dynamics Programming,” Journal of Water Resources Management, Vol. 23, No. 3, 2009, pp. 417-437. doi:10.1007/s11269-008-9281-5
[30] D. G. Regulwar and P. Anand Raj, “Development of 3-D Optimal Surface for Operational Policies of a Multireservoir in Fuzzy Environment Using Genetic Algorithm for River Basin Development and Management,” Journal of Water Resources Management, Vol. 22, No. 5, 2008, pp. 595-610. doi:10.1007/s11269-007-9180-1
[31] R. U. Kamodkar and D. G. Regulwar, “Derivation of Multipurpose Single Reservoir Release Policies with Fuzzy Constraints,” Journal of Water Resources and Protection, Vol. 2, No. 12, 2010, pp. 1028-1039.
[32] D. G. Regulwar and J. B. Gurav, “Irrigation Planning under Uncertainty: A Multi Objective Fuzzy Linear Programming Approach,” Journal of Water Resources Management, Vol. 25, No. 5, 2010, pp. 1387-1416. doi:10.1007/s11269-010-9750-5
[33] R. U. Kamodkar and D. G. Regulwar, “Multipurpose Single Reservoir Operation with Fuzzy Technological Constraint,” ISH Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 16 No. 1, 2010, pp. 49-62.
[34] G. J. Klir and B. Yuan, “Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic: Theory and Applications,” Prentice Hall, 2000.
[35] National Water Commission, “Groundwater Resources Estimation Committee Report,” National Water Commission, GEC, 1997.
[36] Government of Maharashtra, “Revised Project Report Jayakwadi Project Stage I,” Irrigation Department, Government of Maharashtra, Maharashtra.

  
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