Share This Article:

Dietary exposure estimates of trace elements in selected agricultural products grown in greenhouse and associated health risks in Korean population

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:688KB) PP. 35-41
DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2013.23006    2,981 Downloads   6,125 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on the dietary exposure of trace elements (TEs) through the intake of various agricultural products grown in greenhouse, and its corresponding health risks at different age categories in Korean population. It was observed that the mean contents of TEs found in selected agricultural products were well below their guidelines. Mean and 95th percentile intake estimates of TEs were ranged from 0.02 to <1.00 μg/kg/day in Korean population of all age categories, which were well below their reference dose and provisional tolerable daily intake values. Although the mean intakes of Cd at ages 1 - 2 were the highest with 0.72, it was still below the guideline value of 1.0 μg/kg b.w./day. The target hazard quotient values for respective TEs were less than 1.0 inall age categories, indicating that health risks of TEs through intake of single agricultural product were absent. However, the hazard index value of Cd for ages 1 - 2, based on 95th percentile estimates through intake of agricultural products was 1.88, which may cause some adverse health effects. Although, the health risks of TEs through the intake of selected agricultural products were not significant in Korean population of all age categories, this study cautions
that considerable attention should be paid to the potential health risks of TEs through intake of various foodstuffs and other exposure pathways.


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

W. Kim, J. Lee, A. Kunhikrishnan and D. Kim, "Dietary exposure estimates of trace elements in selected agricultural products grown in greenhouse and associated health risks in Korean population," Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2013, pp. 35-41. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2013.23006.

References

[1] Huang, R.Q., Gao, S.F., Wang, W.L., Staunton, S. and Wang, G. (2006) Soil arsenic availability and the transfer of soil arsenic to crops in suburban areas in Fujian Province, southeast China. Science of the Total Environment, 368, 531-541. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.03.013
[2] R?mkens, P.F.A.M., Guo, H.Y., Chu, C.L., Liu, T.S., Chiang, C.F. and Koopmans, G.F. (2009) Prediction of cadmium uptake by brown rice and derivation of soil-plant transfer models to improve soil protection guidelines. Environmental Pollution, 157, 2435-2444. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2009.03.009
[3] Qian, Y., Chen, C., Zhang, W., Chen, Z. and Li, M. (2010) Concentrations of cadmium, lead, mercury and arsenic in Chinese market milled rice and associated population health risk. Food Control, 21, 1757-1763. doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2010.08.005
[4] Chatterjee, D., Halder, D., Santanu, M., Biswas, A., Nath, B., Bhattacharya, P., Bhowmick, S., Mukherjee-Goswami, A., Saha, D., Hazra, R., Maity, P.B., Chatterjee, D., Mukherjee, A. and Bundschuh, J. (2010) Assessment of arsenic exposure from groundwater and rice in Bengal Delta Region, West Bengal, India. Water Research, 44, 5803- 5812. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2010.04.007
[5] Meharg, A.A. and Rahman, M. (2003) Arsenic contamination of Bagladesh paddy field soils: Implications for rice contribution to arsenic consumption. Environmental Science & Technology, 37, 229-234. doi:10.1021/es0259842
[6] Larsen, E.H., Andersen, N.L., M?ller, A., Petersen, A., Mortensen, G.K. and Petersen, J. (2002) Monitoring the content and intake of trace elements from food in Denmark. Food Additives and Contaminants, 19, 33-46. doi:10.1080/02652030110087447
[7] Liu, C.P., Luo, C.L., Gao, Y., Li, F.B., Lin, L.W., Wu, C.A. and Li, X.D. (2010) Arsenic contamination and potential health risk implications at an abandoned tungsten mine, Southern China. Environmental Pollution, 158, 820-826. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2009.09.029
[8] Singh, A.S., Sharma, R.K., Agrawal, M. and Marshall, F.M. (2010) Health risk assessment if heavy metals via dietary intake of foodstuffs from the wastewater irrigated site of a dry tropical area of India. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48, 611-619. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2009.11.041
[9] Mondal, D. and Polya, D. (2008) Rice in a major exposure route for arsenic in Chakdaha block, Nadia district, West Bengal, India: A probabilistic risk assessment. Applied Geochemistry, 23, 2987-2998. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2008.06.025
[10] Chen, C., Qian, Y., Chen, Q. and Li, C. (2011) Asssessment of daily intake of toxic elements due to consumption of vegetables, fruits, meat, and seafood by inhibitants of Xiamen, China. Journal of Food Science, 76, 181-188. doi:10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02341.x
[11] Egan, S.K., Tao, S.S.H., Pennington, J.A.T. and Bolger, P.M. (2002) US food and drug administration’s total diet study: Intake of nutritional and toxic elements, 1991-1996. Food Additives and Contaminants, 19, 103-125. doi:10.1080/02652030110071354
[12] Nasreddine, L. and Parent-Massin, D. (2002) Food contamination by metal and pesticides in the European Union. Should we worry? Toxicology Letters, 127, 29-41. doi:10.1016/S0378-4274(01)00480-5
[13] Santos, E.E., Lauria, D.C. and Porto da Silveirac, C.L. (2004) Assessment of daily intake of trace elements due to consumption of foodstuffs by adult inhabitants of Rio de Janeiro city. Science of the Total Environment, 327, 69-79. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.01.016
[14] Urienta, I., Jal?n, M. and Eguileor, I. (1996) Food surveillance in the basque country (Spain) Ⅱ. Estimation of the dietary intake of organochlorine pesticides, heavy metals, arsenic, aflatoxin M1, iron and zinc through the total diet study. Food Additives and Contaminants, 13, 29-52.
[15] Aghili, F., Khoshgoftarmanesh, A.H., Afyuni, M. and Schulin, R. (2009) Health risks of heavy metals through consumption of greenhouse vegetables grown in Central Iran. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 15, 999-1015. doi:10.1080/10807030903153337
[16] Khoshgoftarmanesh, A.H., Aghili, F. and Sanaeiostover, A. (2009) Daily intake of heavy metals and nitrate through greenhouse cucumber and bell pepper consumption and potential health risks for human. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 60, 199-208. doi:10.1080/09637480902755087
[17] Korea Food and Drug Administration (2007) Chinese food standardⅡ.
[18] An, Y.J. and Lee, W.M. (2007) Comparative study on exposure factors for risk assessment in contaminated lands and proposed exposure factors in Korea. Journal of the Korean Society of Groundwater ENvironment, 12, 64-72.
[19] National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007) The third Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey-Nutrition survey (I), Korea Health Industry Development Institute, Ministry of Health and Welfare.
[20] United State Environmental Protection Agency (1999) Guidance for performing aggregate exposure and risk assessment. U.S. EPA, Office of Pesticide Programs, Washington DC.
[21] United State Environmental Protection Agency, Integrated risk information system (2008) Office of Research and Development, National Center for Environmental Assessment. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/iris/index.cfm
[22] FAO/WHO (1993) Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. 41st Report of Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives, Geneva.
[23] FAO/WHO (2003) Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives, 61st Meeting, Rome, 10-19.
[24] Zheng, N., Wang, Q., Zhang, X., Zheng, D., Zhang, Z. and Zhang, S. (2007) Population health risk due to dietary intake of heavy metals in the industrial area of Huludao city, China. Science of the Total Environment, 387, 96- 104. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.07.044
[25] RDA (2009) Monitoring of heavy metals in agricultural products. National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS), Rural Development Administration, Korea.
[26] European Commission (2004) Report from Task 3.2.11: Assessment of the dietary exposure to arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury of the population of the EU member states. European Commission, Directorate-General Health and Consumer Protection. SCOOP Report.
[27] FAO/WHO (2000) Joint FAO/WHO food standards programme Codex Alimentarius Commission 13th session. Report of the Thirty Eight Session of the Codex Committee on Food Hygiene, Houston.
[28] JMHLW (2006) Specifications and standards for food and food additives. The Japan Food Chemical Research Foundation, Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.
[29] Kim, J.Y., Choi, N.G., Yoo, J.H., Lee, J.H., Lee, Y.G., Jo, K.K., Lee, C.H., Hong, S.M., Im, G.J., Hong, M.K. and Kim, W.I. (2011) Monitoring and risk assessment of cadmium and lead in agricultural products. Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 30, 330-338.
[30] Tsuji, J.S., Benson, R., Schoof, R.A. and Hook, G.C. (2004) Health effect levels for risk assessment of childhood exposure to arsenic. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 39, 99-110. doi:10.1016/j.yrtph.2003.12.002
[31] Juhasz, A.L., Smith, E., Weber, J., Rees, M., Rofe, A., Kuchel, T. and Sansom, L. (2006) In vivo assessment of arsenic bioavailability in rice and its significance for human health risk assessment. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114, 1826-1831.
[32] Meharg, A.A., Sun, G., Williams, P.N., Adomako, E., Deacon, C., Zhu, Y.G., Feldmann, G. and Raab, A. (2008) Inorganic arsenic levels in baby rice are of concern. Environmental Pollution, 152, 746-749. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2008.01.043

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.