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Nonlinear Optical Properties of Two Different Nanoassemblies of Polydiacetylene (PDA): PDA Nanovesicles and PDA Nanocrystals

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DOI: 10.4236/opj.2013.34042    4,141 Downloads   5,611 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

We have synthesized and characterized two different nanoassemblies of polydiacetylene (PDA), PDA nanovesicles and PDA nanocrystals, in order to study the influence of chain packing geometry of the two nanoassemblies on their third order nonlinear optical properties. The second molecular hyperpolarizability γ(-ω,ω,-ω,ω)of the two samples was investigated by antiresonant ring interferometric nonlinear spectroscopic (ARINS) technique using femtosecond modelocked Ti:sapphire laser in the spectral range of 720 nm - 820 nm. The observed spectral dispersion of γ has been explained in the framework of three-essential states model involving the ground state, a one-photon excited state and a two-photon excited state. The observed optical nonlinearity has been correlated with the electronic structure of the two samples. The energy of two-photon state, transition dipole moments and line width of the transitions have been estimated. Our studies show that the arrangement of polymer chains in polydiacetylene nanocrystals is more favorable for higher nonlinearity.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

B. Bhushan, T. Kundu and B. Singh, "Nonlinear Optical Properties of Two Different Nanoassemblies of Polydiacetylene (PDA): PDA Nanovesicles and PDA Nanocrystals," Optics and Photonics Journal, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 278-286. doi: 10.4236/opj.2013.34042.

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