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Mental health of adolescents with type I diabetes: A case report

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.58172    3,488 Downloads   4,959 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Type I Diabetes Mellitus (DM I) is the third most common chronic childhood disease and can cause both short-term and long-term complications, as well as acute life-threatening events. The announcement of the DM I diagnosis in childhood or adolescence constitutes a major psychosocial stressor for the child and his family. Diabetes in general complicates the parent-child relationship and increases adolescents’ negative thoughts about themselves and depressive mood. The majority of patients experience depressive and/or anxiety symptoms at the time of diagnosis, which generally resolve within six to nine months. Poor adjustment in this initial phase places adolescents at risk for later psychosocial difficulties. On a long-term basis, individuals with DM I may exhibit significant psychiatric and behavioral problems including depression, anxiety and anger. We here reported the case of a 13-year-old boy, suffering from DM I for 3 years, who developed poor metabolic control, depressive symptoms and life-threatening behavior in the past 6 months and was hospitalized at an inpatient psychiatric unit. The complex biopsychosocial needs of adolescents with Type I Diabetes Mellitus should be recognized and addressed through tailored interventions by medical and mental health professionals.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Marini, E. , Giannakopoulos, G. , Charitaki, S. , Belivanaki, M. , Salavou, V. , Liakopoulou, M. and Kolaitis, G. (2013) Mental health of adolescents with type I diabetes: A case report. Health, 5, 1268-1271. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.58172.

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