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Methyl Cholate and Resorcinarene New Carriers for the Recovery of Cr(III) Ions by Supported Liquid Membranes (SLM)s

Abstract PP. 103-114
DOI: 10.4236/ojpc.2013.33013    3,050 Downloads   5,181 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The technique of supported liquid membranes was used to achieve the facilitated transport of Cr(III) ions, using tow amphiphilic carriers, the methyl cholate and resorcinarene. For prepared SLMs, toluene as organic phase and film of polyvinylidene difluoride, as hydrophobic polymer support with 100 μm in thickness and 0.45 μm as the diameter of the pores. The macroscopic parameters (P and J0) on the transport of these ions were determined for different medium temperatures. For these different environments, the prepared SLMs were highly permeable and a clear evolution of these parameters was observed. The parameter J0 depended on the temperature according to the Arrhenius equation. The activation parameters, Ea, ΔH and ΔS, for the transition state on the reaction of complex formation (ST) , were determined. To explain these results for this phenomenon, and achieve a better extraction of the substrate, a model based on the substrate complexation by the carrier and the diffusion of the formed complex (ST) was developed. The experimental results verify this model and determine the microscopic parameters (Kass and D*). These studies show that these parameters Kass and D* are specific to facilitated transport of Cr(III) ions by each of the carriers and they are changing significantly with temperature.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Benjjar, T. Eljaddi, O. Kamal, L. Lebrun and M. Hlaibi, "Methyl Cholate and Resorcinarene New Carriers for the Recovery of Cr(III) Ions by Supported Liquid Membranes (SLM)s," Open Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 103-114. doi: 10.4236/ojpc.2013.33013.

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