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A Simulation Model for Road and Maritime Environmental Performance Assessment

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.47079    3,801 Downloads   5,618 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The White Paper published in 2011, Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area [1], urges on a 30% modal shift of road freight over 300 km to other modes (rail, maritime and inland waterways) by 2030, and more than 50% by 2050. However the environmentally friendly performance of maritime transport regarding air pollutant emissions in comparison with road transport is in doubt. This paper presents a three dimension simulation model, in which performed transport work, arisen emissions and produced impact are estimated and inter-related for the assessment of the environmental performance of both road and maritime transport. The simulation model will be a valuable decision making tool for policymakers as it enables the precise assessment of considered transport alternatives in the EU27 until 2020, and hence supports the design of future intervening actions.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

J. Usabiaga, M. Castells, F. Martínez, and A. Olcer, "A Simulation Model for Road and Maritime Environmental Performance Assessment," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 7, 2013, pp. 683-693. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.47079.

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