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Coronary artery bypass grafting in diabetic patients: Should we still use the saphenous vein graft? A review of literature in the past 15 years

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.34A004    3,217 Downloads   4,894 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The burden of diseases associated with diabetes mellitus is dramatic: adults with diabetes mellitus are 2 to 4 times more likely to have cardiovascular diseases than those without it, and at least 65% will die because of diabetes complications. The revascularization strategy in these types of patients included percutaneous coronary interventions with bare metal stents or medicated stents and surgical coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but it is well known that in the diabetic patient with two or more vessel disease, the surgical strategy allows the best mid- and long- term results. Moreover, benefits of CABG surgery are limited by life expectancy of the most common type of graft, the saphenous vein (SV). Nearly 40 years after the introduction of bypass surgery, the rate of vein graft failure remains at high levels. Several arterial conduits had been studied as alternative conduits to SV: the Right Internal Thoracic Artery (RITA), the Radial Artery (RA), the Gastroepiploic Artery (GEA) and the Inferior Epigastric Artery (IEA), 40 years ago. The aim of our article is to review the scientific literature of the past 15 years to answer this question: are we ready to treat the diabetic patient, with a completely arterial revascularization, avoiding the use of the great saphenous vein grafts?

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Molardi, A. , Benassi, F. , Nicolini, F. , Nicolini, F. , Maestri, F. and Gherli, T. (2013) Coronary artery bypass grafting in diabetic patients: Should we still use the saphenous vein graft? A review of literature in the past 15 years. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 3, 13-24. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.34A004.

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