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Flash Flood Risk Assessment Using Morphological Parameters in Sinai Peninsula

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DOI: 10.4236/ojmh.2013.33016    5,391 Downloads   8,810 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Flash floods are considered to be one of the worst weather-related natural disasters. They are sudden and highly unpredictable following brief spells of heavy rain. Egypt is subjected to flash floods, especially the eastern desert and Sinai Peninsula where floods from the mountains of Red Sea and Sinai are causing heavy damage to man-made features. This manuscript presents the methodology adopted to generate a weighted risk map for main watersheds located in Sinai according to main morphological parameters. Using digital elevation model (DEM) implemented into a Geographic Information System (GIS) the Sinai watersheds were delineated and morphological parameters calculated. The parameters where then used in a multi criteria analysis process to calculate a morphological risk factor. The resulted risk maps of this study can help initiating appropriate measures to mitigate the probable hazards in the area with prioritization.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Elmoustafa and M. Mohamed, "Flash Flood Risk Assessment Using Morphological Parameters in Sinai Peninsula," Open Journal of Modern Hydrology, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 122-129. doi: 10.4236/ojmh.2013.33016.

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