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Development of Emission Factors for Quantification of Blasting Dust at Surface

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2010.14041    6,804 Downloads   13,888 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management plan (EMP) is a statutory requirement for execution of new mining projects or for expansion of the operating projects. For this purpose, quantification of blasting dust emission is required. This can be done by developing emission factors for blasting. The concept is similar to that of specific charge in blasting. For mining operations other than blasting, quantification of dust can be done using emis- sion factors. Emission estimation techniques are very limited for blasting. In this study, the emission factors were de- veloped by carrying out a detailed field study at one of the largest opencast coal mines of India in all four seasons. Da- ta on atmospheric and meteorological conditions were generated by installing sodar and automatic weather station at the mine site. Respirable dust samplers were installed for monitoring of the dust emitted during coal or overburden bench blasting. Emission factors for dust concentrations were developed in gram per cubic meter of rock excavated. The developed emission factors were used to estimate dust emissions for adjacent mines due to similarity in mining and meteorological conditions. Seasonal variations in moisture contents in benches, where dust was monitored, indicated the lowest emission factors in monsoon due to high moisture in the bench materials. Similar field studies were also conducted at another coalfield of India for two seasons. It was found that the emission factors are site-specific.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Roy, G. Adhikari and T. Singh, "Development of Emission Factors for Quantification of Blasting Dust at Surface," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 1 No. 4, 2010, pp. 346-361. doi: 10.4236/jep.2010.14041.

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