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Extrauterine pregnancies-risk factors and management

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DOI: 10.4236/ojcd.2013.32011    2,534 Downloads   4,318 Views   Citations


Objective: To study the clinical progress, risk factors, management, and outcomes of suspected ectopic pregnancy (EP). Design: Retrospective clinical case study. Population: All 184 patients hospitalized for suspected EP during the period 1.1.2008-31.12.2011. Setting: Oulu University Hospital, Finland. Methods: The clinical progress, risk factors, management, complications and outcomes were based on studies of hospital records. Main outcome measures: Symptoms, serum quantitative human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels, management, complications and outcome of patients. Results: At least one of the risk factors was found in 117 women (66%). There were 11 patients without symptoms. In the initial visit, the median hCG concentration was 1915 (20 - 73,000) IU/l. The most common treatment was surgical, 137/181 (76%), followed with medical treatment, 22/181 (12%) and expectant management, 22/181 (12%). Conclusions: Surgery was the most widely used treatment for EP. We might thus draw attention to more conservative management.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Patapuro, A. , Lahdemaki, H. , Marttala, J. , Santala, M. and Ryynanen, M. (2013) Extrauterine pregnancies-risk factors and management. Open Journal of Clinical Diagnostics, 3, 57-62. doi: 10.4236/ojcd.2013.32011.


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