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Recent Extremes of Drought and Flooding in Amazonia: Vulnerabilities and Human Adaptation

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DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2013.22009    7,086 Downloads   13,527 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The present study focuses on the impacts of extreme drought and flooding situations in Amazonia, using level/discharge data from some rivers in the Amazon region as indicators of impacts. The last 10 years have featured various “once in a century” droughts and floods in the Amazon basin, which have affected human and natural systems in the region. We assess a history of such hazards based on river data, and discuss some of the observed impacts in terms of vulnerability of human and natural systems, as well as some of adaptation strategies implemented by regional and local governments to cope with them. A critical perspective of mitigation of drought and flood policies in Amazonia suggests that they have been mostly ineffective in reducing vulnerability for the majority of the population, constituting, perhaps, examples of maladaptation via the undermining of resilience.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

J. Marengo, L. Borma, D. Rodriguez, P. Pinho, W. Soares and L. Alves, "Recent Extremes of Drought and Flooding in Amazonia: Vulnerabilities and Human Adaptation," American Journal of Climate Change, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2013, pp. 87-96. doi: 10.4236/ajcc.2013.22009.

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