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Analysis of N-Nitrosamine Migration from Rubber Teats and Soothers

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DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2013.46035    4,954 Downloads   7,617 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A testing method for N-nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances in rubber teats and soothers was modified. N-Nitrosamines are generally analyzed using either a nitrogen chemiluminescence detector (NCD) or a thermal energy analyzer (TEA). However, because few testing laboratories are equipped with these devices, it is difficult to conduct these tests. Therefore, an analysis method for N-nitrosamines using the more widespread gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method was improved. In addition, EN 12868 was used to prepare the test solutions because of its worldwide use and compliance with EU regulations. Using GC-MS, EN 12868 method targeting ten kinds of N-nitrosamines was modified. The determination limits of the method were 1.0 -1.5 μg/kg for N-nitrosamines and 4 -6 μg/kg for N-nitrosatable substances. Quantification was possible at 1/5 or less and 1/15 or less, respectively, of the regulation values listed in EU Directive 93/11/EEC. In terms of application, there were no problems with the selectivity of the detector. The recoveries were 58% -109% for N-nitrosamines and 59% -102% for N-nitrosatable substances. Screening and verification were possible by measuring the amount of secondary amines in the boiled solution and migration solution.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Mutsuga, M. Yamaguchi and Y. Kawamura, "Analysis of N-Nitrosamine Migration from Rubber Teats and Soothers," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 4 No. 6, 2013, pp. 277-285. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2013.46035.

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