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Assessment of the Direct Sun-Light on Rural Road Network through Solar Radiation Analysis Using GIS

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DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.32030    3,739 Downloads   6,324 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The movement of vehicles on the roads, during summer, can sometimes hide risks involved in direct sunlight. In places where the relief is complicated, road network usually consists of a road complexity. This complexity in conjunction with the motion of a vehicle on a road and the position of the sun at the same time may result in the loss of vision in some sections of the road. This paper describes a GIS-based methodology of the spatiotemporal analysis of this phenomenon. Thus, for a given study area, in this case ofMilos Island,Greece, the geometry of the road network, the terrain morphology and the solar radiation (in specific time intervals during summer) have been analyzed. The result of this procedure is a map illustrating the sections of the road where direct sunlight includes a serious amount of risk for the drivers. Applying this methodology for long periods of time may lead to prevention policies adoption related to accidents of direct exposure to sunlight. Moreover, this methodology could be an additional module in car navigation systems.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

C. Chalkias, A. Faka and K. Kalogeropoulos, "Assessment of the Direct Sun-Light on Rural Road Network through Solar Radiation Analysis Using GIS," Open Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 224-231. doi: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.32030.

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