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Comparison of a Soil Vulnerability Map for Tetracycline Soil Contamination at a Global and Local Scale

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.46069    3,972 Downloads   5,350 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Recently, de la Torre[1] provided an approach for assessing the vulnerability of European soils for tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones and sulfamides contamination using a spatial risk assessment. It allowed identifying areas where vulnerable soil more occur, providing useful information for policies designed to reduce contamination. In the current study, this approach was applied to a local level, the autonomous region of Castile and León (C&L), located in the north-west part of Spain. High accurate and reliable source data were employed to generate a soil vulnerability map for tetracyclines in the study area, attempting to improve the release and consequence risk prediction. More specifically, pig density, temperature and soil use risk estimators were improved using data from national or local databases. Result comparison between the European and the present approach showed a good agreement demonstrating the utility of the European vulnerability map to be employed not only at global level but also for deciding how to allocate limited resources on national or subnational environmental surveillance programs of antibiotics. The model application at local level using more accurate data from national or local sources, afforded a better understanding of the spatial distribution of the risk, mainly associated with the higher accuracy of the national land use database SIOSE. It could offer a useful tool for local management of the risk, such as the management of animal manures fertilization on soil.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Torre, I. Iglesias, L. Camuñas, M. Muñoz and M. Carballo, "Comparison of a Soil Vulnerability Map for Tetracycline Soil Contamination at a Global and Local Scale," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 6, 2013, pp. 595-601. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.46069.

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